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Judges 9:50 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then went Abimelech to Thebez, and encamped against Thebez, and took it.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then went Abimelech to Thebez, and encamped against Thebez, and took it.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then Abimelech went to Thebez, and he camped against Thebez and captured it.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then went Abimelech to Thebez, and encamped against Thebez, and took it.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Abimelech went to Thebez, and encamped against Thebez, and took it.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then went Abimelech unto Thebez,—and encamped against Thebez, and captured it.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Abimelech goeth unto Thebez, and encampeth against Thebez, and captureth it,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Then Abimelech, departing from thence, came to the town of Thebes, which he surrounded and besieged with his army.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then went Abimelech to Thebez, and encamped against Thebez, and tooke it.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Abimelech went out of Bethel{gr.Baethel}-berith, and encamped against Thebes, and took it.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then went Avimelekh to Tevetz, and encamped against Tevetz, and took it.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then went y3212
[3212] Standard
יָלַך
yalak
{yaw-lak'}
A primitive root (compare H1980); to walk (literally or figuratively); causatively to carry (in various senses).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x1980
(1980) Complement
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
vmele אֲבִימֶלֶך 40
{0040} Prime
אֲבִימֶלֶךְ
'Abiymelek
{ab-ee-mel'-ek}
From H0001 and H4428; father of (the) king; Abimelek, the name of two Philistine kings and of two Israelites.
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Tvx תֵּבֵץ, 8405
{8405} Prime
תֵּבֵץ
Tebets
{tay-bates'}
From the same as H0948; whiteness; Tebets, a place in Palestine.
and encamped 2583
{2583} Prime
חָנָה
chanah
{khaw-naw'}
A primitive root (compare H2603); properly to incline; by implication to decline (of the slanting rays of evening); specifically to pitch a tent; generally to encamp (for abode or siege).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
against Tvx תֵּבֵץ, 8405
{8405} Prime
תֵּבֵץ
Tebets
{tay-bates'}
From the same as H0948; whiteness; Tebets, a place in Palestine.
and took 3920
{3920} Prime
לָכַד
lakad
{law-kad'}
A primitive root; to catch (in a net, trap or pit); generally to capture or occupy; also to choose (by lot); figuratively to cohere.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
it.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Judges 9:50

_ _ Judges 9:50-57. Abimelech slain.

_ _ Then went Abimelech to Thebez, and encamped against Thebez — now Tubas — not far from Shechem.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Judges 9:50-57

_ _ We have seen the ruin of the Shechemites completed by the hand of Abimelech; and now it comes to his turn to be reckoned with who was their leader in villany. Thebez was a small city, probably not far from Shechem, dependent upon it, and in confederacy with it. Now,

_ _ I. Abimelech attempted the destruction of this city (Judges 9:50), drove all the inhabitants of the town into the castle, or citadel, Judges 9:51. When he had them there he did not doubt but he should do the same execution here that he had lately done at the strong-hold of the temple of Baal-berith, not considering that the tower of an idol-temple lay more exposed to divine vengeance than any other tower. He attempted to set fire to this tower, at least to burn down the door, and so force an entrance, Judges 9:52. Those who have escaped and succeeded well in one desperate attempt are apt to think the like attempt another time not desperate. This instance was long after quoted to show how dangerous it is to come near the call of a besieged city, 2 Samuel 11:20, etc. But God infatuates those whom he will ruin.

_ _ II. In the attempt he was himself destroyed, having his brains knocked out with a piece of a millstone, Judges 9:57. No doubt this man was a murderer, whom, though he had escaped the dangers of the war with Shechem, yet vengeance suffered not to live, Acts 28:4. Evil pursues sinners, and sometimes overtakes them when they are not only secure, but triumphant. Thebez, we may suppose, was a weak inconsiderable place, compared with Shechem. Abimelech, having conquered the greater, makes no doubt of being master of the less without any difficulty, especially when he had taken the city, and had only the tower to deal with; yet he lays his bones by that, and there is all his honour buried. Thus are the mighty things of the world often confounded by the weakest and those things that are most made light of. See here what rebukes those are justly put under many times by the divine providence that are unreasonable in their demands of satisfaction for injuries received. Abimelech had some reason to chastise the Shechemites, and he had done it with a witness; but when he will carry his revenges further, and nothing will serve but that Thebez also must be sacrificed to his rage, he is not only disappointed there, but destroyed; for verily there is a God that judges in the earth. Three circumstances are worthy of observation in the death of Abimelech: — 1. That he was slain with a stone, as he had slain his brethren all upon one stone. 2. That he had his skull broken. Vengeance aimed at that guilty head which had worn the usurped crown. 3. That the stone was cast upon him by a woman, Judges 9:53. He saw the stone come; it was therefore strange he did not avoid it, but, no doubt, this made it so much the greater mortification to him to see from what hand it came. Sisera died by a woman's hand and knew it not; but Abimelech not only fell by the hand of a woman but knew it, and, when he found himself ready to breathe his last, nothing troubled him so much as this, that it should be said, A woman slew him. See, (1.) His foolish pride, in laying so much to heart this little circumstance of his disgrace. Here was no care taken about his precious soul, no concern what would become of that, no prayer to God for his mercy; but very solicitous he is to patch up his shattered credit, when there is no patching his shattered skull. “O let it never be said that such a mighty man as Abimelech was killed by a woman!” The man was dying, but his pride was alive and strong, and the same vain-glorious humour that had governed him all along appears now at last. Qualis vita, finis itaAs was his life, such was his death. As God punished his cruelty by the manner of his death, so he punished his pride by the instrument of it. (2.) His foolish project to avoid this disgrace; nothing could be more ridiculous; his own servant must run him through, not to rid him the sooner out of his pain, but that men say not, A woman slew him. Could he think that this would conceal what the woman had done, and not rather proclaim it the more? Nay, it added to the infamy of his death, for hereby he became a self-murderer. Better have it said, A woman slew him, than that it should be said, His servant slew him by his own order; yet now both will be said of him to his everlasting reproach. And it is observable that this very thing which Abimelech was in such care to conceal appears to have been more particularly remembered by posterity than most passages of his history; for Joab speaks of it as that which he expected David would reproach him with, for coming so nigh the wall, 2 Samuel 11:21. The ignominy we seek to avoid by sin we do but perpetuate the remembrance of.

_ _ III. The issue of all is that Abimelech being slain, 1. Israel's peace was restored, and an end was put to this civil war; for those that followed him departed every man to his place, Judges 9:55. 2. God's justice was glorified (Judges 9:56, Judges 9:57): Thus God punished the wickedness of Abimelech, and of the men of Shechem, and fulfilled Jotham's curse, for it was not a curse causeless. Thus he preserved the honour of his government, and gave warning to all ages to expect blood for blood. The Lord is known by the judgments which he executes, when the wicked is snared in the work of his own hands. Though wickedness may prosper awhile, it will not prosper always.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Judges 9:50

Thebez — Another town near to Shechem; and, as it seems, within its territory.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Thebez:
According to Eusebius, thirteen miles from Shechem, towards Scythopolis.
Judges 9:50 Then went Abimelech to Thebez, and encamped against Thebez, and took it.
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