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Judges 9:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he went unto his father's house at Ophrah, and slew his brethren the sons of Jerubbaal, being threescore and ten persons, upon one stone: but Jotham the youngest son of Jerubbaal was left; for he hid himself.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he went unto his father's house at Ophrah, and slew his brethren the sons of Jerubbaal, [being] threescore and ten persons, upon one stone: notwithstanding yet Jotham the youngest son of Jerubbaal was left; for he hid himself.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then he went to his father’s house at Ophrah and killed his brothers the sons of Jerubbaal, seventy men, on one stone. But Jotham the youngest son of Jerubbaal was left, for he hid himself.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he went to his father's house at Ophrah, and slew his brethren the sons of Jerubbaal, [being] seventy persons, upon one stone; notwithstanding, yet Jotham the youngest son of Jerubbaal was left; for he hid himself.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he came to his father's house, to Ophrah, and slew his brethren the sons of Jerubbaal, seventy persons upon one stone; but there remained Jotham the youngest son of Jerubbaal; for he had hid himself.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And he entered the house of his father, at Ophrah, and slew his brethren, sons of Jerubbaal, seventy men, upon one stone,—but there remained Jotham, the youngest son of Jerubbaal, for he had hidden himself.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and he goeth into the house of his father at Ophrah, and slayeth his brethren, sons of Jerubbaal, seventy men, on one stone; and Jotham, youngest son of Jerubbaal, is left, for he was hidden.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he came to his father's house in Ephra, and slew his brethren, the sons of Jerobaal, seventy men, upon one stone: and there remained only Joatham, the youngest son of Jerobaal, who was hidden.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And hee went vnto his fathers house at Ophrah, and slewe his brethren the sonnes of Ierubbaal, [being] threescore and tenne persons, vpon one stone: notwithstanding, yet Iotham the youngest sonne of Ierubbaal was left; for he hid himselfe.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he went to the house of his father to Ephrath{gr.Ephratha}, and slew his brethren the sons of Jerubbaal{gr.Jerobaal}, seventy men upon one stone; but Jotham{gr.Joatham} the youngest son of Jerubbaal{gr.Jerobaal} was left, for he hid himself.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he went unto his father's house at Ofrah, and slew his brethren the sons of Yerubbaal, [being] threescore and ten persons, upon one stone: notwithstanding yet Yotham the youngest son of Yerubbaal was left; for he hid himself.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he went 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto his father's 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
at `Ofr עָפרָה, 6084
{6084} Prime
עָפְרָה
`Ophrah
{of-raw'}
Feminine of H6082; female fawn; Ophrah, the name of an Israelite and of two places in Palestine.
and slew 2026
{2026} Prime
הָרַג
harag
{haw-rag'}
A primitive root; to smite with deadly intent.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
his brethren 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
the sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Yrubba`al יְרֻבַּעַל, 3378
{3378} Prime
יְרֻבַּעַל
Y@rubba`al
{yer-oob-bah'-al}
From H7378 and H1168; Baal will contend; Jerubbaal, a symbolical name of Gideon.
[being] threescore and ten 7657
{7657} Prime
שִׁבְעִים
shib`iym
{shib-eem'}
Multiple of H7651; seventy.
persons, 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
one 259
{0259} Prime
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
stone: 68
{0068} Prime
אֶבֶן
'eben
{eh'-ben}
From the root of H1129 through the meaning, to build; a stone.
notwithstanding yet Ym יוֹתָם 3147
{3147} Prime
יוֹתָם
Yowtham
{yo-thawm'}
From H3068 and H8535; Jehovah (is) perfect; Jotham, the name of three Israelites.
the youngest 6996
{6996} Prime
קָטָן
qatan
{kaw-tawn'}
From H6962; abbreviated, that is, diminutive, literally (in quantity, size or number) or figuratively (in age or importance).
son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Yrubba`al יְרֻבַּעַל 3378
{3378} Prime
יְרֻבַּעַל
Y@rubba`al
{yer-oob-bah'-al}
From H7378 and H1168; Baal will contend; Jerubbaal, a symbolical name of Gideon.
was left; 3498
{3498} Prime
יָתַר
yathar
{yaw-thar'}
A primitive root; to jut over or exceed; by implication to excel; (intransitively) to remain or be left; causatively to leave, cause to abound, preserve.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
he hid y2244
[2244] Standard
חָבָא
chaba'
{khaw-baw'}
A primitive root (compare H2245); to secrete.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
himself. x2244
(2244) Complement
חָבָא
chaba'
{khaw-baw'}
A primitive root (compare H2245); to secrete.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Judges 9:5

_ _ went unto ... Ophrah, and slew his brethren i.e., upon one stone — This is the first mention of a barbarous atrocity which has, with appalling frequency, been perpetrated in the despotic countries of the East — that of one son of the deceased monarch usurping the throne and hastening to confirm himself in the possession by the massacre of all the natural or legitimate competitors. Abimelech slew his brethren on one stone, either by dashing them from one rock, or sacrificing them on one stone altar, in revenge for the demolition of Baal’s altar by their father. This latter view is the more probable, from the Shechemites (Judges 9:24) aiding in it.

_ _ threescore and ten persons — A round number is used, but it is evident that two are wanting to complete that number.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Judges 9:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Judges 9:5

His brethren — The only persons who were likely to hinder him in establishing his tyranny. Threescore and ten — Wanting one, who is here expressed. Jotham was left — Whereby he would signify, that this was an act of justice, in cutting them all off in an orderly manner, for some supposed crime, probably, as designing sedition and rebellion.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Judges 9:5

And he went unto his father's house at Ophrah, and (c) slew his brethren the sons of Jerubbaal, [being] threescore and ten persons, upon one stone: notwithstanding yet Jotham the youngest son of Jerubbaal was left; for he hid himself.

(c) Thus tyrants to establish their usurped power, spare not the innocent blood, (2 Kings 10:7; 2 Chronicles 21:4).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
at Ophrah:

Judges 6:24 Then Gideon built an altar there unto the LORD, and called it Jehovahshalom: unto this day it [is] yet in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.

slew:

2 Kings 10:17 And when he came to Samaria, he slew all that remained unto Ahab in Samaria, till he had destroyed him, according to the saying of the LORD, which he spake to Elijah.
2 Kings 11:1-2 And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal. ... But Jehosheba, the daughter of king Joram, sister of Ahaziah, took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king's sons [which were] slain; and they hid him, [even] him and his nurse, in the bedchamber from Athaliah, so that he was not slain.
2 Chronicles 21:4 Now when Jehoram was risen up to the kingdom of his father, he strengthened himself, and slew all his brethren with the sword, and [divers] also of the princes of Israel.
Matthew 2:16 Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked of the wise men, was exceeding wroth, and sent forth, and slew all the children that were in Bethlehem, and in all the coasts thereof, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had diligently enquired of the wise men.
Matthew 2:20 Saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and go into the land of Israel: for they are dead which sought the young child's life.
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Jg 6:24. 2K 10:17; 11:1. 2Ch 21:4. Mt 2:16, 20.

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