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Judges 9:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they gave him threescore and ten [pieces] of silver out of the house of Baal-berith, wherewith Abimelech hired vain and light fellows, who followed him.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And they gave him threescore and ten [pieces] of silver out of the house of Baalberith, wherewith Abimelech hired vain and light persons, which followed him.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— They gave him seventy [pieces] of silver from the house of Baal-berith with which Abimelech hired worthless and reckless fellows, and they followed him.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And they gave him seventy [pieces] of silver out of the house of Baal-berith, with which Abimelech hired vain and light persons, who followed him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And they gave him seventy pieces of silver out of the house of Baal-Berith, and Abimelech hired with them vain and wanton men, and they followed him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So they gave him seventy pieces of silver, out of the house of Baal-berith,—and Abimelech hired therewith, loose and unstable men, and they followed him.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and they give to him seventy silverings out of the house of Baal-Berith, and Abimelech hireth with them men, vain and unstable, and they go after him;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they gave him seventy weight of silver out of the temple of Baalberith: wherewith he hired to himself men that were needy, and vagabonds, and they followed him.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And they gaue him threescore and ten [pieces] of siluer, out of the house of Baal-Berith, wherewith Abimelech hired vaine & light persons, which followed him.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And they gave him seventy [pieces] of silver out of the house of Baalberith; and Abimelech hired for himself vain and cowardly men, and they went after him.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And they gave him threescore and ten [pieces] of silver out of the house of Baal Berith, wherewith Avimelekh hired vain and light persons, which followed him.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And they gave 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
him threescore and ten 7657
{7657} Prime
שִׁבְעִים
shib`iym
{shib-eem'}
Multiple of H7651; seventy.
[pieces] of silver 3701
{3701} Prime
כֶּסֶף
keceph
{keh'-sef}
From H3700; silver (from its pale color); by implication money.
out of the house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of Ba`al Br בַּעַל־בְּרִית, 1170
{1170} Prime
בַּעַל בְּרִית
Ba`al B@riyth
{bah'-al ber-eeth}
From H1168 and H1285; Baal of (the) covenant; Baal Berith, a special deity of the Shechemites.
wherewith vmele אֲבִימֶלֶך 40
{0040} Prime
אֲבִימֶלֶךְ
'Abiymelek
{ab-ee-mel'-ek}
From H0001 and H4428; father of (the) king; Abimelek, the name of two Philistine kings and of two Israelites.
hired 7936
{7936} Prime
שָׂכַר
sakar
{saw-kar'}
The second form by permutation and used in Ezra 4:5; a primitive root (apparently akin (by prosthesis) to H3739 through the idea of temporary purchase; compare H7937); to hire.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
vain 7386
{7386} Prime
רֵיק
reyq
{rake}
From H7324; empty; figuratively worthless.
and light 6348
{6348} Prime
פָּחַז
pachaz
{paw-khaz'}
A primitive root; to bubble up or froth (as boiling water), that is, (figuratively) to be unimportant.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
persons, y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
which followed y3212
[3212] Standard
יָלַך
yalak
{yaw-lak'}
A primitive root (compare H1980); to walk (literally or figuratively); causatively to carry (in various senses).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x1980
(1980) Complement
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
x310
(0310) Complement
אַחַר
'achar
{akh-ar'}
From H0309; properly the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjugation, after (in various senses).
him. y310
[0310] Standard
אַחַר
'achar
{akh-ar'}
From H0309; properly the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjugation, after (in various senses).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Judges 9:4

_ _ the house of Baal-berith — either the temple, or the place where this idol was worshipped; Baal-berith, “god of the covenant,” by invocation of whom the league of cities was formed.

_ _ Abimelech hired vain and light persons, which followed him — idle, worthless vagabonds, the scum of society, who had nothing to lose, but much to gain from the success of a revolutionary movement.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Judges 9:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Judges 9:4

Pieces of silver — Not shekels, which were too small a sum for this purpose; but far larger pieces, the exact worth whereof it is not possible for us now to know. The house of Baal — berith — Out of his sacred treasury; having since Gideon's death built this temple (which he would never have suffered whilst he lived) and endowed it with considerable revenues. Light persons — Unsettled, idle and necessitous persons, the proper instruments of tyranny and cruelty.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
house:

Judges 9:46-49 And when all the men of the tower of Shechem heard [that], they entered into an hold of the house of the god Berith. ... And all the people likewise cut down every man his bough, and followed Abimelech, and put [them] to the hold, and set the hold on fire upon them; so that all the men of the tower of Shechem died also, about a thousand men and women.
Judges 8:33 And it came to pass, as soon as Gideon was dead, that the children of Israel turned again, and went a whoring after Baalim, and made Baalberith their god.

vain:
etc. Anashim raikim oophochozim, "worthless and dissolute men;" persons who were living on the public, and had nothing to lose. Such was the foundation of his Babel government. By a cunning management of such unprincipled men most revolutions are brought about.
Judges 11:3 Then Jephthah fled from his brethren, and dwelt in the land of Tob: and there were gathered vain men to Jephthah, and went out with him.
1 Samuel 22:2 And every one [that was] in distress, and every one that [was] in debt, and every one [that was] discontented, gathered themselves unto him; and he became a captain over them: and there were with him about four hundred men.
2 Chronicles 13:7 And there are gathered unto him vain men, the children of Belial, and have strengthened themselves against Rehoboam the son of Solomon, when Rehoboam was young and tenderhearted, and could not withstand them.
Job 30:8 [They were] children of fools, yea, children of base men: they were viler than the earth.
Proverbs 12:11 He that tilleth his land shall be satisfied with bread: but he that followeth vain [persons is] void of understanding.
Acts 17:5 But the Jews which believed not, moved with envy, took unto them certain lewd fellows of the baser sort, and gathered a company, and set all the city on an uproar, and assaulted the house of Jason, and sought to bring them out to the people.
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Jg 8:33; 9:46; 11:3. 1S 22:2. 2Ch 13:7. Jb 30:8. Pv 12:11. Ac 17:5.

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