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Judges 8:27 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Gideon made an ephod thereof, and put it in his city, even in Ophrah: and all Israel played the harlot after it there; and it became a snare unto Gideon, and to his house.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Gideon made an ephod thereof, and put it in his city, [even] in Ophrah: and all Israel went thither a whoring after it: which thing became a snare unto Gideon, and to his house.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Gideon made it into an ephod, and placed it in his city, Ophrah, and all Israel played the harlot with it there, so that it became a snare to Gideon and his household.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Gideon made of it an ephod, and put it in his city, [even] in Ophrah: and all Israel went thither astray after it: which thing became a snare to Gideon, and to his house.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Gideon made an ephod of them, and put it in his city, in Ophrah. And all Israel went thither a whoring after it; and it became a snare to Gideon, and to his house.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Gideon made thereof an Ephod, and set it up in his own city, in Ophrah, and all Israel went unchastely astray after it there,—so it became, to Gideon and to his house, a snare.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Gideon maketh it into an ephod, and setteth it up in his city, in Ophrah, and all Israel go a-whoring after it there, and it is to Gideon and to his house for a snare.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Gedeon made an ephod thereof, and put it in his city Ephra. And all Israel committed fornication with it, and it became a ruin to Gedeon, and to all his house.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Gideon made an Ephod thereof, and put it in his citie, [euen] in Ophrah: and all Israel went thither a whoring after it; which thing became a snare vnto Gideon, and to his house.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Gideon{gr.Gedeon} made an ephod of it, an set it in his city in Ephrath{gr.Ephratha}; and all Israel went thither a whoring after it, and it became a stumbling-block to Gideon{gr.Gedeon} and his house.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Gidon made an ephod thereof, and put it in his city, [even] in Ofrah: and all Yisrael went thither a whoring after it: which thing became a snare unto Gidon, and to his house.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Gi`n גִּדעוֹן 1439
{1439} Prime
גִּדְעוֹן
Gid`own
{ghid-ohn'}
From H1438; feller (that is, warrior); Gidon, an Israelite.
made 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
an ephod 646
{0646} Prime
אֵפוֹד
'ephowd
{ay-fode'}
Second form is a rare form; probably of foreign derivation; a girdle; specifically the ephod or high priest's shoulder piece; also generally an image.
thereof, and put 3322
{3322} Prime
יָצַג
yatsag
{yaw-tsag'}
A primitive root; to place permanently.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
it in his city, 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
[even] in `Ofr עָפרָה: 6084
{6084} Prime
עָפְרָה
`Ophrah
{of-raw'}
Feminine of H6082; female fawn; Ophrah, the name of an Israelite and of two places in Palestine.
and all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
went thither a whoring 2181
{2181} Prime
זָנָה
zanah
{zaw-naw'}
A primitive root (highly fed and therefore wanton); to commit adultery (usually of the female, and less often of simple forniciation, rarely of involuntary ravishment); figuratively to commit idolatry (the Jewish people being regarded as the spouse of Jehovah).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x8033
(8033) Complement
שָׁם
sham
{shawm}
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
after 310
{0310} Prime
אַחַר
'achar
{akh-ar'}
From H0309; properly the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjugation, after (in various senses).
it: which thing became x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
a snare 4170
{4170} Prime
מוֹקֵשׁ
mowqesh
{mo-kashe'}
From H3369; a noose (for catching animals), (literally or figuratively); by implication a hook (for the nose).
unto Gi`n גִּדעוֹן, 1439
{1439} Prime
גִּדְעוֹן
Gid`own
{ghid-ohn'}
From H1438; feller (that is, warrior); Gidon, an Israelite.
and to his house. 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Judges 8:27

_ _ Gideon made an ephod thereof, and put it in his city, ... Ophrah — That no idolatrous use was in view, nor any divisive course from Shiloh contemplated, is manifest from Judges 8:33. Gideon proposed, with the gold he received, to make an ephod for his use only as a civil magistrate or ruler, as David did (1 Chronicles 15:27), and a magnificent pectoral or breastplate also. It would seem, from the history, that he was not blamable in making this ephod, as a civil robe or ornament merely, but that it afterward became an object to which religious ideas were attached; whereby it proved a snare, and consequently an evil, by perversion, to Gideon and his house [Taylor, Fragments].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Judges 8:22-28.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Judges 8:27

Thereof — Not of all of it; for then it would have been too heavy for use; but of part of it, the rest being probably employed about other things appertaining to it; which elsewhere are comprehended under the name of the ephod, as Judges 17:5. Put it — Not as a monument of the victory, for such monuments were neither proper nor usual; but for religious use, for which alone the ephod was appointed. The case seems to be this; Gideon having by God's command erected an altar in his own city, Ophrah, Judges 6:24, for an extraordinary time and occasion, thought it might be continued for ordinary use; and therefore as he intended to procure priests, so he designed to make priestly garments, and especially an ephod, which was the chief and most costly; which besides its use in sacred ministrations, was also the instrument by which the mind of God was enquired and discovered, 1 Samuel 26:6, 1 Samuel 26:9, and it might seen necessary for the judge to have this at hand, that he might consult with God upon all occasions. Went a whoring — Committed idolatry with it; or went thither to enquire the will of God; whereby they were drawn from the true ephod, instituted by God for this end, which was to be worn by the high — priest only. A snare — An occasion of sin and ruin to him and his, as the next chapter sheweth. Though Gideon was a good man, and did this with an honest mind, and a desire to set up religion in his own city and family; yet here seem to be many sins in it; Superstition and will — worship, worshipping God by a device of his own, which was expressly forbidden. Presumption, in wearing or causing other priests to wear this kind of ephod, which was peculiar to the high — priest. Transgression of a plain command, of worshipping God ordinarily but at one place, and one altar, Deuteronomy 12:5, Deuteronomy 12:11, Deuteronomy 12:14. Making a division among the people. Laying a stumbling — block, or an occasion of idolatry before that people, whom he knew to be too prone to it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Judges 8:27

And Gideon made an (o) ephod thereof, and put it in his city, [even] in Ophrah: and all Israel went thither a whoring after it: which thing became a snare unto Gideon, and to his house.

(o) That is, such things as pertained to the use of the tabernacle. See ephod, (Exodus 28:4, Exodus 28:6; Judges 17:5; 1 Samuel 2:18; 2 Samuel 6:14).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
an ephod:

Judges 17:5 And the man Micah had an house of gods, and made an ephod, and teraphim, and consecrated one of his sons, who became his priest.
Judges 18:14 Then answered the five men that went to spy out the country of Laish, and said unto their brethren, Do ye know that there is in these houses an ephod, and teraphim, and a graven image, and a molten image? now therefore consider what ye have to do.
Judges 18:17 And the five men that went to spy out the land went up, [and] came in thither, [and] took the graven image, and the ephod, and the teraphim, and the molten image: and the priest stood in the entering of the gate with the six hundred men [that were] appointed with weapons of war.
Exodus 28:6-12 And they shall make the ephod [of] gold, [of] blue, and [of] purple, [of] scarlet, and fine twined linen, with cunning work. ... And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulders of the ephod [for] stones of memorial unto the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD upon his two shoulders for a memorial.
1 Samuel 23:9-10 And David knew that Saul secretly practised mischief against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring hither the ephod. ... Then said David, O LORD God of Israel, thy servant hath certainly heard that Saul seeketh to come to Keilah, to destroy the city for my sake.
Isaiah 8:20 To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, [it is] because [there is] no light in them.

Ophrah:

Judges 8:32 And Gideon the son of Joash died in a good old age, and was buried in the sepulchre of Joash his father, in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.
Judges 6:11 And there came an angel of the LORD, and sat under an oak which [was] in Ophrah, that [pertained] unto Joash the Abiezrite: and his son Gideon threshed wheat by the winepress, to hide [it] from the Midianites.
Judges 6:24 Then Gideon built an altar there unto the LORD, and called it Jehovahshalom: unto this day it [is] yet in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.
Deuteronomy 12:5 But unto the place which the LORD your God shall choose out of all your tribes to put his name there, [even] unto his habitation shall ye seek, and thither thou shalt come:

a whoring:

Exodus 23:33 They shall not dwell in thy land, lest they make thee sin against me: for if thou serve their gods, it will surely be a snare unto thee.
Psalms 73:27 For, lo, they that are far from thee shall perish: thou hast destroyed all them that go a whoring from thee.
Psalms 106:39 Thus were they defiled with their own works, and went a whoring with their own inventions.
Hosea 2:2 Plead with your mother, plead: for she [is] not my wife, neither [am] I her husband: let her therefore put away her whoredoms out of her sight, and her adulteries from between her breasts;
Hosea 4:12-14 My people ask counsel at their stocks, and their staff declareth unto them: for the spirit of whoredoms hath caused [them] to err, and they have gone a whoring from under their God. ... I will not punish your daughters when they commit whoredom, nor your spouses when they commit adultery: for themselves are separated with whores, and they sacrifice with harlots: therefore the people [that] doth not understand shall fall.

a snare:

Judges 8:33 And it came to pass, as soon as Gideon was dead, that the children of Israel turned again, and went a whoring after Baalim, and made Baalberith their god.
Deuteronomy 7:16 And thou shalt consume all the people which the LORD thy God shall deliver thee; thine eye shall have no pity upon them: neither shalt thou serve their gods; for that [will be] a snare unto thee.
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Ex 23:33; 28:6. Dt 7:16; 12:5. Jg 6:11, 24; 8:32, 33; 17:5; 18:14, 17. 1S 23:9. Ps 73:27; 106:39. Is 8:20. Ho 2:2; 4:12.

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