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Judges 8:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he took the elders of the city, and thorns of the wilderness and briers, and with them he taught the men of Succoth.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he took the elders of the city, and thorns of the wilderness and briers, and with them he taught the men of Succoth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He took the elders of the city, and thorns of the wilderness and briers, and he disciplined the men of Succoth with them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he took the elders of the city, and thorns of the wilderness, and briers, and with them he taught the men of Succoth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he took the elders of the city, and thorns of the wilderness and briars, and with them he taught the men of Succoth.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So he took the elders of the city, and the thorns of the wilderness and the nettles, and taught therewith the men of Succoth:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And he taketh the elders of the city, and the thorns of the wilderness, and the threshing instruments, and teacheth by them the men of Succoth,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— So he took the ancients of the city, and thorns and briers of the desert, and tore them with the same, and cut in pieces the men of Soccoth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And hee tooke the Elders of the citie, and thornes of the wildernes, and briers, and with them hee taught the men of Succoth.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he took the elders of the city with the thorns of the wilderness and the Barkenim, and with them he tore the men of the city.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he took the elders of the city, and thorns of the wilderness and briers, and with them he taught the men of Sukkoth.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he took 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the elders 2205
{2205} Prime
זָקֵן
zaqen
{zaw-kane'}
From H2204; old.
of the city, 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
and thorns 6975
{6975} Prime
קוֹץ
qowts
{kotse}
From H6972 (in the sense of pricking); a thorn.
of the wilderness 4057
{4057} Prime
מִדְבָּר
midbar
{mid-bawr'}
From H1696 in the sense of driving; a pasture (that is, open field, whither cattle are driven); by implication a desert; also speech (including its organs).
and briers, 1303
{1303} Prime
בַּרְקָן
barqan
{bar-kwan'}
From H1300; a thorn (perhaps as burning brightly).
and with them he taught 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the men y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
of Succô± סֻכּוֹת. 5523
{5523} Prime
סֻכּוֹת
Cukkowth
{sook-kohth'}
Plural of H5521; booths; Succoth, the name of a place in Egypt and of three in Palestine.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Judges 8:16

_ _ he took ... the thorns of the wilderness and briers, and with them he taught the men of Succoth — By refusing his soldiers refreshment, they had committed a public crime, as well as an act of inhumanity, and were subjected to a horrible punishment, which the great abundance and remarkable size of the thorn bushes, together with the thinness of clothing in the East, has probably suggested.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Judges 8:4-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the elders:

Judges 8:7 And Gideon said, Therefore when the LORD hath delivered Zebah and Zalmunna into mine hand, then I will tear your flesh with the thorns of the wilderness and with briers.
Proverbs 10:13 In the lips of him that hath understanding wisdom is found: but a rod [is] for the back of him that is void of understanding.
Proverbs 19:29 Judgments are prepared for scorners, and stripes for the back of fools.
Ezra 2:6 The children of Pahathmoab, of the children of Jeshua [and] Joab, two thousand eight hundred and twelve.

thorns:

Micah 7:4 The best of them [is] as a brier: the most upright [is sharper] than a thorn hedge: the day of thy watchmen [and] thy visitation cometh; now shall be their perplexity.

taught:
Heb. made to know, Instead of wyyoda, Houbigant, Lev. Clerc, and others read wyyadosh, "and he tore or threshed;" and this is not only agreeable to what Gideon threatened (
Judges 8:7 And Gideon said, Therefore when the LORD hath delivered Zebah and Zalmunna into mine hand, then I will tear your flesh with the thorns of the wilderness and with briers.
), but is supported by the LXX Vulgate, Chaldee, Syriac, and Arabic. The Hebrew Text might easily have been corrupted simply by the change of שׁ, shin, into ע, ayin, letters very similar to each other.
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Jg 8:7. Ezr 2:6. Pv 10:13; 19:29. Mi 7:4.

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