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Judges 7:25 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they took the two princes of Midian, Oreb and Zeeb; and they slew Oreb at the rock of Oreb, and Zeeb they slew at the winepress of Zeeb, and pursued Midian: and they brought the heads of Oreb and Zeeb to Gideon beyond the Jordan.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And they took two princes of the Midianites, Oreb and Zeeb; and they slew Oreb upon the rock Oreb, and Zeeb they slew at the winepress of Zeeb, and pursued Midian, and brought the heads of Oreb and Zeeb to Gideon on the other side Jordan.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— They captured the two leaders of Midian, Oreb and Zeeb, and they killed Oreb at the rock of Oreb, and they killed Zeeb at the wine press of Zeeb, while they pursued Midian; and they brought the heads of Oreb and Zeeb to Gideon from across the Jordan.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And they took two princes of the Midianites, Oreb and Zeeb; and they slew Oreb upon the rock Oreb, and Zeeb they slew at the wine-press of Zeeb, and pursued Midian, and brought the heads of Oreb and Zeeb to Gideon on the other side of Jordan.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And they took two princes of Midian, Oreb and Zeeb; and they slew Oreb upon the rock Oreb, and Zeeb they slew at the winepress of Zeeb; and they pursued Midian, and brought the heads of Oreb and Zeeb to Gideon beyond the Jordan.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And they captured the two princes of Midian, Oreb and Zeeb, and slew Oreb at Oreb's Rock, and, Zeeb, they slew at Zeeb's Winepress, and pursued Midian,—and, the heads of Oreb and Zeeb, brought they in unto Gideon at the ford of the Jordan.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and they capture two of the heads of Midian, Oreb, and Zeeb, and slay Oreb at the rock of Oreb, and Zeeb they have slain at the wine-vat of Zeeb, and they pursue unto Midian; and the heads of Oreb and Zeeb they have brought in unto Gideon beyond the Jordan.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And having taken two men of Madian, Oreb and Zeb: Oreb they slew in the rock of Oreb, and Zeb in the winepress of Zeb. And they pursued Madian, carrying the heads of Oreb and Zeb to Gedeon, beyond the waters of the Jordan.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And they tooke two Princes of the Midianites, Oreb, and Zeeb; and they slew Oreb vpon the rocke Oreb, and Zeeb they slew at the winepresse of Zeeb, and pursued Midian, and brought the heads of Oreb and Zeeb, to Gideon on the other side Iordan.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And they took the princes of Midian{gr.Madiam}, even Oreb and Zeeb{gr.Zeb}; and they slew Oreb in Shur{gr.Sur} Oreb, and they slew Zeeb{gr.Zeb} in Jakephzeph; and they pursued Midian{gr.Madiam}, and brought the heads of Oreb and Zeeb{gr.Zeb} to Gideon{gr.Gedeon} from beyond Jordan.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And they took two princes of the Midyanim, Orev and Zeev; and they slew Orev upon the rock Orev, and Zeev they slew at the winepress of Zeev, and pursued Midyan, and brought the heads of Orev and Zeev to Gidon on the other side Yarden.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And they took 3920
{3920} Prime
לָכַד
lakad
{law-kad'}
A primitive root; to catch (in a net, trap or pit); generally to capture or occupy; also to choose (by lot); figuratively to cohere.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
two 8147
{8147} Prime
שְׁתַּיִם
sh@nayim
{shen-ah'-yim}
(The first form being dual of H8145; the second form being feminine); two; also (as ordinal) twofold.
princes 8269
{8269} Prime
שַׂר
sar
{sar}
From H8323; a head person (of any rank or class).
of the Miynm מִדיָנִים, 4080
{4080} Prime
מִדְיָן
Midyan
{mid-yawn'}
The same as H4079; Midjan, a son of Abraham; also his country and (collectively) his descendants.
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
`rv עוֹרֵב 6159
{6159} Prime
עֹרֵב
`Oreb
{o-rabe'}
The same as H6158; Oreb, the name of a Midianite and of a cliff near the Jordan.
and Zv זְאֵב; 2062
{2062} Prime
זְאֵב
Z@'eb
{zeh-abe'}
The same as H2061; Zeeb, a Midianitish prince.
and they slew 2026
{2026} Prime
הָרַג
harag
{haw-rag'}
A primitive root; to smite with deadly intent.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
`rv עוֹרֵב 6159
{6159} Prime
עֹרֵב
`Oreb
{o-rabe'}
The same as H6158; Oreb, the name of a Midianite and of a cliff near the Jordan.
upon the rock 6697
{6697} Prime
צוּר
tsuwr
{tsoor}
From H6696; properly a cliff (or sharp rock, as compressed); generally a rock or boulder; figuratively a refuge; also an edge (as precipitous).
`rv עוֹרֵב, 6159
{6159} Prime
עֹרֵב
`Oreb
{o-rabe'}
The same as H6158; Oreb, the name of a Midianite and of a cliff near the Jordan.
and Zv זְאֵב 2062
{2062} Prime
זְאֵב
Z@'eb
{zeh-abe'}
The same as H2061; Zeeb, a Midianitish prince.
they slew 2026
{2026} Prime
הָרַג
harag
{haw-rag'}
A primitive root; to smite with deadly intent.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
at the winepress 3342
{3342} Prime
יֶקֶב
yeqeb
{yeh'-keb}
From unused root meaning to excavate; a trough (as dug out); specifically a wine vat (whether the lower one, into which the juice drains; or the upper, in which the grapes are crushed).
of Zv זְאֵב, 2062
{2062} Prime
זְאֵב
Z@'eb
{zeh-abe'}
The same as H2061; Zeeb, a Midianitish prince.
and pursued 7291
{7291} Prime
רָדַף
radaph
{raw-daf'}
A primitive root; to run after (usually with hostile intent; figuratively (of time) gone by).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Miyn מִדיָן, 4080
{4080} Prime
מִדְיָן
Midyan
{mid-yawn'}
The same as H4079; Midjan, a son of Abraham; also his country and (collectively) his descendants.
and brought 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
the heads 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
of `rv עוֹרֵב 6159
{6159} Prime
עֹרֵב
`Oreb
{o-rabe'}
The same as H6158; Oreb, the name of a Midianite and of a cliff near the Jordan.
and Zv זְאֵב 2062
{2062} Prime
זְאֵב
Z@'eb
{zeh-abe'}
The same as H2061; Zeeb, a Midianitish prince.
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Gi`n גִּדעוֹן 1439
{1439} Prime
גִּדְעוֹן
Gid`own
{ghid-ohn'}
From H1438; feller (that is, warrior); Gidon, an Israelite.
on the other side 5676
{5676} Prime
עֵבֶר
`eber
{ay'-ber}
From H5674; properly a region across; but used only adverbially (with or without a preposition) on the opposite side (especially of the Jordan; usually meaning the east).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Yardn יַרדֵּן. 3383
{3383} Prime
יַרְדֵּן
Yarden
{yar-dane'}
From H3381; a descender; Jarden, the principal river of Palestine.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Judges 7:24-25.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Judges 7:23-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Judges 7:25

The other side of Jordan — For Gideon in the pursuit had passed over Jordan. Oreb and Zeeb had probably taken shelter, the one in a rock, the other by a wine — press. But the places of their shelter were made the places of their slaughter, and the memory of it preserved in the names of the places.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Judges 7:25

And they took two princes of the Midianites, Oreb and Zeeb; and they slew Oreb upon the rock Oreb, and Zeeb they slew at (n) the winepress of Zeeb, and pursued Midian, and brought the heads of Oreb and Zeeb to Gideon on the other side Jordan.

(n) These places got their names from the acts that were done there.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
two princes:

Judges 8:3 God hath delivered into your hands the princes of Midian, Oreb and Zeeb: and what was I able to do in comparison of you? Then their anger was abated toward him, when he had said that.
Psalms 83:11-12 Make their nobles like Oreb, and like Zeeb: yea, all their princes as Zebah, and as Zalmunna: ... Who said, Let us take to ourselves the houses of God in possession.

rock:

Joshua 7:26 And they raised over him a great heap of stones unto this day. So the LORD turned from the fierceness of his anger. Wherefore the name of that place was called, The valley of Achor, unto this day.
Isaiah 10:26 And the LORD of hosts shall stir up a scourge for him according to the slaughter of Midian at the rock of Oreb: and [as] his rod [was] upon the sea, so shall he lift it up after the manner of Egypt.

Oreb:
Eusebius and Jerome speak of a small place called Araba, three miles west from Scythopolis, which is supposed by some to have had its name from Oreb.

and brought:
Among ancient nations, the head of the conquered chief was usually brought to the conqueror. Thus Pompey's head was brought to Cesar, Cicero's head to Mark Anthony, and the heads of Ahab's children to Jehu. These barbarities are seldom practised now, except among the Mahommedans, or the savages of Africa and America; and for the credit of human nature, it is to be wished that such atrocities had never been committed.

on the other side:
The words maiaiver lyyarden, may denote at the passage of Jordan, or from beyond Jordan. Gideon does not appear to have yet passed the Jordan.
Judges 8:4 And Gideon came to Jordan, [and] passed over, he, and the three hundred men that [were] with him, faint, yet pursuing [them].
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Jsh 7:26. Jg 8:3, 4. Ps 83:11. Is 10:26.

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