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Judges 7:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the Midianites and the Amalekites and all the children of the east lay along in the valley like locusts for multitude; and their camels were without number, as the sand which is upon the sea-shore for multitude.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the Midianites and the Amalekites and all the children of the east lay along in the valley like grasshoppers for multitude; and their camels [were] without number, as the sand by the sea side for multitude.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now the Midianites and the Amalekites and all the sons of the east were lying in the valley as numerous as locusts; and their camels were without number, as numerous as the sand on the seashore.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the Midianites, and the Amalekites, and all the children of the east, lay along in the valley like grasshoppers for multitude; and their camels [were] without number, as the sand by the sea side for multitude.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Midian and Amalek and all the children of the east lay along in the valley as locusts for multitude; and their camels were without number, as the sand upon the sea-shore for multitude.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, the Midianites and the Amalekites and all the sons of the east, were lying along in the vale, like locusts for multitude,—their camels also, were without number, as the sand that is by the sea side, for multitude.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Midian and Amalek, and all the sons of the east are lying in the valley, as the locust for multitude, and of their camels there is no number, as sand which [is] on the sea-shore for multitude.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But Madian and Amalec, and all the eastern people, lay scattered in the valley, as a multitude of locusts: their camels also were innumerable, as the sand that lieth on the sea shore.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the Midianites, and the Amalekites, and all the children of the East, lay along in the valley like grashoppers for multitude, and their camels were without number, as the sand by the Sea side for multitude.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Midian{gr.Madiam} and Amalek{gr.Amalec} and all the children of the east [were] scattered in the valley, as the locust for multitude; and there was no number to their camels, but they were as the sand on the seashore for multitude.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the Midyanim and the Amaleqim and all the children of the east lay along in the valley like grasshoppers for multitude; and their camels [were] without number, as the sand by the sea side for multitude.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the Miynm מִדיָנִים 4080
{4080} Prime
מִדְיָן
Midyan
{mid-yawn'}
The same as H4079; Midjan, a son of Abraham; also his country and (collectively) his descendants.
and the `mlkm עֲמָלֵקִים y6002
[6002] Standard
עֲמָלֵק
`Amaleq
{am-aw-lake'}
Probably of foreign origin; Amalek, a descendant of Esau; also his posterity and their country.
x6003
(6003) Complement
עֲמָלֵקִי
`Amaleqiy
{am-aw-lay-kee'}
Patronymic from H6002; an Amalekite (or collectively the Amalekites) or descendant of Amalek.
and all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of the east 6924
{6924} Prime
קֶדֶם
qedem
{keh'-dem}
From H6923; the front, of palce (absolutely the fore part, relatively the East) or time (antiquity); often used adverbially (before, anciently, eastward).
lay 5307
{5307} Prime
נָפַל
naphal
{naw-fal'}
A primitive root; to fall, in a great variety of applications (intransitively or causatively, literally or figuratively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
along in the valley 6010
{6010} Prime
עֵמֶק
`emeq
{ay'-mek}
From H6009; a vale (that is, broad depression).
like grasshoppers 697
{0697} Prime
אַרְבֶּה
'arbeh
{ar-beh'}
From H7235; a locust (from its rapid increase).
for multitude; 7230
{7230} Prime
רֹב
rob
{robe}
From H7231; abundance (in any respect).
and their camels 1581
{1581} Prime
גָּמָל
gamal
{gaw-mawl'}
Apparently from H1580 (in the sense of labor or burden bearing).
[were] without x369
(0369) Complement
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
number, 4557
{4557} Prime
מִסְפָּר
micpar
{mis-pawr'}
From H5608; a number, definitely (arithmetical) or indefinitely (large, innumerable; small, a few); also (abstractly) narration.
as the sand 2344
{2344} Prime
חוֹל
chowl
{khole}
From H2342; sand (as round or whirling particles).
by x7945
(7945) Complement
שֶׁל
shel
{shel}
For the relative H0834; used with prepositional prefix, and often followed by some pronoun affixed; on account of, what soever, which soever.
x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the sea 3220
{3220} Prime
יָם
yam
{yawm}
From an unused root meaning to roar; a sea (as breaking in noisy surf) or large body of water; specifically (with the article) the Mediterranean; sometimes a large river, or an artificial basin; locally, the west, or (rarely) the south.
side 8193
{8193} Prime
שָׂפָה
saphah
{saw-faw'}
(The second form is in dual and plural); Probably from H5595 or H8192 through the idea of termination (compare H5490); the lip (as a natural boundary); by implication language; by analogy a margin (of a vessel, water, cloth, etc.).
for multitude. 7230
{7230} Prime
רֹב
rob
{robe}
From H7231; abundance (in any respect).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Judges 7:12

_ _ the Midianites and the Amalekites ... lay along in the valley like grasshoppers for multitude; and their camels were without number — a most graphic description of an Arab encampment. They lay wrapt in sleep, or resting from their day’s plunder, while their innumerable camels were stretched round about them.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Judges 7:9-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the Midianites:

Judges 6:3 And [so] it was, when Israel had sown, that the Midianites came up, and the Amalekites, and the children of the east, even they came up against them;
Judges 6:5 For they came up with their cattle and their tents, and they came as grasshoppers for multitude; [for] both they and their camels were without number: and they entered into the land to destroy it.
Judges 6:33 Then all the Midianites and the Amalekites and the children of the east were gathered together, and went over, and pitched in the valley of Jezreel.
1 Kings 4:30 And Solomon's wisdom excelled the wisdom of all the children of the east country, and all the wisdom of Egypt.

grasshoppers:

Judges 8:10 Now Zebah and Zalmunna [were] in Karkor, and their hosts with them, about fifteen thousand [men], all that were left of all the hosts of the children of the east: for there fell an hundred and twenty thousand men that drew sword.
2 Chronicles 14:9-12 And there came out against them Zerah the Ethiopian with an host of a thousand thousand, and three hundred chariots; and came unto Mareshah. ... So the LORD smote the Ethiopians before Asa, and before Judah; and the Ethiopians fled.
Psalms 3:1 [[A Psalm of David, when he fled from Absalom his son.]] LORD, how are they increased that trouble me! many [are] they that rise up against me.
Psalms 33:16 There is no king saved by the multitude of an host: a mighty man is not delivered by much strength.
Psalms 118:10-12 All nations compassed me about: but in the name of the LORD will I destroy them. ... They compassed me about like bees; they are quenched as the fire of thorns: for in the name of the LORD I will destroy them.
Isaiah 8:9-10 Associate yourselves, O ye people, and ye shall be broken in pieces; and give ear, all ye of far countries: gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces; gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces. ... Take counsel together, and it shall come to nought; speak the word, and it shall not stand: for God [is] with us.
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Jg 6:3, 5, 33; 8:10. 1K 4:30. 2Ch 14:9. Ps 3:1; 33:16; 118:10. Is 8:9.

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