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Judges 5:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The mountains quaked at the presence of Jehovah, Even yon Sinai at the presence of Jehovah, the God of Israel.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The mountains melted from before the LORD, [even] that Sinai from before the LORD God of Israel.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “The mountains quaked at the presence of the LORD, This Sinai, at the presence of the LORD, the God of Israel.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The mountains melted from before the LORD, [even] that Sinai from before the LORD God of Israel.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The mountains quaked before the face of Jehovah, That Sinai, from before Jehovah the God of Israel.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— From, mountains, came down streams In presence of Yahweh,—From this Sinai, In presence of Yahweh, God of Israel.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Hills flowed from the face of Jehovah, This one—Sinai—From the face of Jehovah, God of Israel.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The mountains melted before the face of the Lord, and Sinai before the face of the Lord the God of Israel.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The mountaines melted from before the LORD, [euen] that Sinai, from before the LORD God of Israel.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The mountains were shaken before the face of the Lord Eloi, this Sinai{gr.Sina} before the face of the Lord God of Israel.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The mountains melted from before Yahweh, [even] that Sinay from before Yahweh Elohim of Yisrael.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The mountains 2022
{2022} Prime
הַר
har
{har}
A shortened form of H2042; a mountain or range of hills (sometimes used figuratively).
melted 5140
{5140} Prime
נזל
nazal
{naw-zal'}
A primitive root; to drip, or shed by trickling.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
from before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
[even] that x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
Snay סִינַי 5514
{5514} Prime
סִינַי
Ciynay
{see-nah'-ee}
Of uncertain derivation; Sinai, a mountain of Arabia.
from before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל. 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Judges 5:4-5.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Judges 5:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Judges 5:5

Melted — Or, flowed, with floods of water powered out of the clouds upon them, and from them flowing down in a mighty stream upon the lower grounds, and carrying down part of the mountains with it. Sinai — She slides into the mention of a more ancient appearance of God for his people in Sinai; it being usual in scripture repetitions of former actions, to put divers together in a narrow compass. The sense is, No wonder that the mountains of the Amorites and Canaanites melted and trembled, when thou didst lead thy people toward them; for even Sinai itself could not bear thy presence, but melted in like manner before thee.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
mountains:

Deuteronomy 4:11 And ye came near and stood under the mountain; and the mountain burned with fire unto the midst of heaven, with darkness, clouds, and thick darkness.
Psalms 97:5 The hills melted like wax at the presence of the LORD, at the presence of the Lord of the whole earth.
Psalms 114:4 The mountains skipped like rams, [and] the little hills like lambs.
Isaiah 64:1-3 Oh that thou wouldest rend the heavens, that thou wouldest come down, that the mountains might flow down at thy presence, ... When thou didst terrible things [which] we looked not for, thou camest down, the mountains flowed down at thy presence.
Nahum 1:5 The mountains quake at him, and the hills melt, and the earth is burned at his presence, yea, the world, and all that dwell therein.
Habakkuk 3:10 The mountains saw thee, [and] they trembled: the overflowing of the water passed by: the deep uttered his voice, [and] lifted up his hands on high.

melted:
Heb. flowed

that Sinai:

Exodus 19:18 And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly.
Exodus 20:18 And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw [it], they removed, and stood afar off.
Deuteronomy 4:11-12 And ye came near and stood under the mountain; and the mountain burned with fire unto the midst of heaven, with darkness, clouds, and thick darkness. ... And the LORD spake unto you out of the midst of the fire: ye heard the voice of the words, but saw no similitude; only [ye heard] a voice.
Deuteronomy 5:22-25 These words the LORD spake unto all your assembly in the mount out of the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness, with a great voice: and he added no more. And he wrote them in two tables of stone, and delivered them unto me. ... Now therefore why should we die? for this great fire will consume us: if we hear the voice of the LORD our God any more, then we shall die.
Hebrews 12:18 For ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, nor unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 19:18; 20:18. Dt 4:11; 5:22. Ps 97:5; 114:4. Is 64:1. Na 1:5. Hab 3:10. He 12:18.

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