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Judges 5:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Jehovah, when thou wentest forth out of Seir, When thou marchedst out of the field of Edom, The earth trembled, the heavens also dropped, Yea, the clouds dropped water.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— LORD, when thou wentest out of Seir, when thou marchedst out of the field of Edom, the earth trembled, and the heavens dropped, the clouds also dropped water.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “LORD, when You went out from Seir, When You marched from the field of Edom, The earth quaked, the heavens also dripped, Even the clouds dripped water.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— LORD, when thou wentest out of Seir, when thou marchedst out of the field of Edom, the earth trembled, and the heavens dropped, the clouds also dropped water.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Jehovah, when thou wentest forth from Seir, When thou marchedst out of the fields of Edom, The earth trembled, and the heavens dropped, Yea, the clouds dropped water.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— O Yahweh! When thou didst come forth out of Seir, When thou didst march along out of the field of Edom, Earth, trembled, Heaven also, poured forth,—Yea, dark clouds, poured forth waters;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Jehovah, in Thy going forth out of Seir, In Thy stepping out of the field of Edom, Earth trembled, also the heavens dropped, Also thick clouds dropped water.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— O Lord, when thou wentest out of Seir, and passedst by the regions of Edom, the earth trembled, and the heavens and clouds dropped water.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— LORD, when thou wentest out of Seir, when thou marchedst out of the field of Edom, the earth trembled, and the heauens dropped, the clouds also dropped water.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— O Lord, in thy going forth on Seir, when thou wentest forth out of the land of Edom, the earth quaked and the heaven dropped dews, and the clouds dropped water.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Yahweh, when thou wentest out of Seir, when thou marchedst out of the field of Edom, the earth trembled, and the heavens dropped, the clouds also dropped water.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
when thou wentest out 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
of `r שֵׂעִיר, 8165
{8165} Prime
שֵׂעִיר
Se`iyr
{say-eer'}
Formed like H8163; rough; Seir, a mountain of Idumaea and its aboriginal occupants, also one in Palestine.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
when thou marchedst x6805
(6805) Complement
צָעַד
tsa`ad
{tsaw-ad'}
A primitive root; to pace, that is, step regularly; (upward) to mount; (along) to march; (down and causatively) to hurl.
out y6805
[6805] Standard
צָעַד
tsa`ad
{tsaw-ad'}
A primitive root; to pace, that is, step regularly; (upward) to mount; (along) to march; (down and causatively) to hurl.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
of the field 7704
{7704} Prime
שָׂדֶה
sadeh
{saw-deh'}
From an unused root meaning to spread out; a field (as flat).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of m אֱדוֹם, 123
{0123} Prime
אֱדֹם
'Edom
{ed-ome'}
From H0122; red (see Genesis 25:25); Edom, the elder twin-brother of Jacob; hence the region (Idumaea) occuped by him.
the earth 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
trembled, 7493
{7493} Prime
רָעַשׁ
ra`ash
{raw-ash'}
A primitive root; to undulate (as the earth, the sky, etc.; also a field of grain), particularly through fear; specifically to spring (as a locust).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and x1571
(1571) Complement
גַּם
gam
{gam}
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
the heavens 8064
{8064} Prime
שָׁמַיִם
shamayim
{shaw-mah'-yim}
The second form being dual of an unused singular; from an unused root meaning to be lofty; the sky (as aloft; the dual perhaps alluding to the visible arch in which the clouds move, as well as to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve).
dropped, 5197
{5197} Prime
נָטַף
nataph
{naw-taf'}
A primitive root; to ooze, that is, distil gradually; by implication to fall in drops; figuratively to speak by inspiration.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the clouds 5645
{5645} Prime
עָב
`ab
{awb}
Masculine and feminine; from H5743; properly an envelope, that is, darkness (or density, 2 Chronicles 4:17); specifically a (scud) cloud; also a copse.
also x1571
(1571) Complement
גַּם
gam
{gam}
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
dropped 5197
{5197} Prime
נָטַף
nataph
{naw-taf'}
A primitive root; to ooze, that is, distil gradually; by implication to fall in drops; figuratively to speak by inspiration.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
water. 4325
{4325} Prime
מַיִם
mayim
{mah'-yim}
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Judges 5:4-5

_ _ Allusion is here made, in general terms, to God’s interposition on behalf of His people.

_ _ Seir ... the field of Edom — represent the mountain range and plain extending along the south from the Dead Sea to the Elanitic Gulf.

_ _ thou wentest out — indicates the storm to have proceeded from the south or southeast.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Judges 5:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Judges 5:4

Edom — Seir and Edom are the same place; and these two expressions note the same thing, even God's marching in the head of his people, from Seir or Edom, towards the land of Canaan: while the Israelites were encompassing mount Seir, there were none of the following effects; but when once they had done that, and got Edom on their backs, then they marched directly forward towards the land of Canaan. The prophetess being to praise God for the present mercies, takes her rise higher, and begins her song with the commemoration of the ancient deliverances afforded by God to his people, the rather because of the great resemblance this had with them, in the miraculous manner of them. The earth trembled — God prepared the way for his people, and struck a dread into their enemies, by earth — quakes as well as by other terrible signs. Dropped water — That is, thou didst send storms and tempests, thunder and lightning, and other tokens of thy displeasure upon thine enemies.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
LORD[YHWH]:

Deuteronomy 33:2 And he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of saints: from his right hand [went] a fiery law for them.
Psalms 68:7-8 O God, when thou wentest forth before thy people, when thou didst march through the wilderness; Selah: ... The earth shook, the heavens also dropped at the presence of God: [even] Sinai itself [was moved] at the presence of God, the God of Israel.
Habakkuk 3:3-6 God came from Teman, and the Holy One from mount Paran. Selah. His glory covered the heavens, and the earth was full of his praise. ... He stood, and measured the earth: he beheld, and drove asunder the nations; and the everlasting mountains were scattered, the perpetual hills did bow: his ways [are] everlasting.

the earth:

2 Samuel 22:8 Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations of heaven moved and shook, because he was wroth.
Job 9:6 Which shaketh the earth out of her place, and the pillars thereof tremble.
Psalms 18:7-15 Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations also of the hills moved and were shaken, because he was wroth. ... Then the channels of waters were seen, and the foundations of the world were discovered at thy rebuke, O LORD, at the blast of the breath of thy nostrils.

dropped:

Psalms 77:17 The clouds poured out water: the skies sent out a sound: thine arrows also went abroad.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 33:2. 2S 22:8. Jb 9:6. Ps 18:7; 68:7; 77:17. Hab 3:3.

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