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Judges 5:30 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Have they not found, have they not divided the spoil? A damsel, two damsels to every man; To Sisera a spoil of dyed garments, A spoil of dyed garments embroidered, Of dyed garments embroidered on both sides, on the necks of the spoil?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Have they not sped? have they [not] divided the prey; to every man a damsel [or] two; to Sisera a prey of divers colours, a prey of divers colours of needlework, of divers colours of needlework on both sides, [meet] for the necks of [them that take] the spoil?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘Are they not finding, are they not dividing the spoil? A maiden, two maidens for every warrior; To Sisera a spoil of dyed work, A spoil of dyed work embroidered, Dyed work of double embroidery on the neck of the spoiler?’
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Have they not found; have they [not] divided the prey; to every man a damsel [or] two; to Sisera a prey of divers colors, a prey of divers colors of needle-work, of divers colors of needle-work on both sides, [meet] for the necks of [them that take] the spoil?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Have they not found, divided the booty, A damsel, two damsels, to each? A booty of dyed stuffs for Sisera, A booty of dyed stuffs of embroidery, Dyed stuff of double embroidery for the neck of a spoiler?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Is it not They keep finding—dividing spoil, One damsel, two damsels, to every several hero, Spoil, of divers coloured raiment for Sisera, Spoil, of divers coloured raiment, embroidered, Coloured raiment richly embroidered, on the necks of them who are taken as spoil?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Do they not find?—they apportion spoil, A female—two females—for every head, Spoil of finger-work for Sisera, Spoil of embroidered finger-work, Finger-work—a pair of embroidered things, For the necks of the spoil!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Perhaps he is now dividing the spoils, and the fairest of the women is chosen out for him: garments of divers colours are given to Sisara for his prey, and furniture of different kinds is heaped together to adorn necks.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Haue they not sped? haue they [not] diuided the pray to euery man a damosell or two? To Sisera a pray of diuers colours, a pray of diuers colours, of needle worke, of diuers colours of needle worke on both sides, meet for the necks of [them that take] the spoile?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Will they not find him dividing the spoil? he will surely be gracious to every man: [there are] spoils of dyed garments for Sisera{gr.Sisara}, spoils of various dyed garments, dyed embroidered garments, they [are] the spoils for his neck.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Have they not sped? have they [not] divided the prey; to every man a damsel [or] two; to Sisra a prey of divers colours, a prey of divers colours of needlework, of divers colours of needlework on both sides, [meet] for the necks of [them that take] the spoil?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Have they not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
sped? 4672
{4672} Prime
מָצָא
matsa'
{maw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; properly to come forth to, that is, appear or exist; transitively to attain, that is, find or acquire; figuratively to occur, meet or be present.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
have they [not] divided 2505
{2505} Prime
חָלַק
chalaq
{khaw-lak'}
A primitive root; to be smooth (figuratively); by implication (as smooth stones were used for lots) to apportion or separate.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
the prey; 7998
{7998} Prime
שָׁלָל
shalal
{shaw-lawl'}
From H7997; booty.
to every 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
man 1397
{1397} Prime
גֶּבֶר
geber
{gheh'-ber}
From H1396; properly a valiant man or warrior; generally a person simply.
a damsel y7356
[7356] Standard
רַחַם
racham
{rakh'-am}
From H7355; compassion (in the plural); by extension the womb (as cherishing the foetus); by implication a maiden.
[or] two; 7356
{7356} Prime
רַחַם
racham
{rakh'-am}
From H7355; compassion (in the plural); by extension the womb (as cherishing the foetus); by implication a maiden.
y7361
[7361] Standard
רַקַמָה
rachamah
{rakh-am-aw'}
Feminine of H7356; a maiden.
to Ssr סִיסרָא 5516
{5516} Prime
סִיסְרָא
Ciyc@ra'
{see-ser-aw'}
Of uncertain derivation; Sisera, the name of a Canaanitish king and of one of the Nethinim.
a prey 7998
{7998} Prime
שָׁלָל
shalal
{shaw-lawl'}
From H7997; booty.
of divers colours, 6648
{6648} Prime
צֶבַע
tseba`
{tseh'-bah}
From an unused root meaning to dip (into coloring fluid); a dye.
a prey 7998
{7998} Prime
שָׁלָל
shalal
{shaw-lawl'}
From H7997; booty.
of divers colours 6648
{6648} Prime
צֶבַע
tseba`
{tseh'-bah}
From an unused root meaning to dip (into coloring fluid); a dye.
of needlework, 7553
{7553} Prime
רִקְמָה
riqmah
{rik-maw'}
From H7551; variegation of color; specifically embroidery.
of divers colours 6648
{6648} Prime
צֶבַע
tseba`
{tseh'-bah}
From an unused root meaning to dip (into coloring fluid); a dye.
of needlework x7553
(7553) Complement
רִקְמָה
riqmah
{rik-maw'}
From H7551; variegation of color; specifically embroidery.
on both sides, y7553
[7553] Standard
רִקְמָה
riqmah
{rik-maw'}
From H7551; variegation of color; specifically embroidery.
[meet] for the necks 6677
{6677} Prime
צַוָּאר
tsavva'r
{tsav-vawr'}
Intensive from H6696 in the sense of binding; the back of the neck (as that on which burdens are bound).
of [them that take] the spoil? 7998
{7998} Prime
שָׁלָל
shalal
{shaw-lawl'}
From H7997; booty.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Judges 5:28-30.


Judges 5:30

_ _ to every man a damsel or two — Young maidens formed always a valued part of Oriental conquerors’ war-spoils. But Sisera’s mother wished other booty for him; namely, the gold-threaded, richly embroidered, and scarlet-colored cloaks which were held in such high esteem. The ode concludes with a wish in keeping with the pious and patriotic character of the prophetess.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Judges 5:24-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Judges 5:30

Have they not, &e. — That is, it is certain they have got the prey, only they tarry to distribute it, according to every man's quality and merit.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Judges 5:30

Have they not sped? have they [not] divided the prey; to every man a damsel [or] two; to Sisera a prey of divers colours, a prey of divers colours of needlework, of divers colours of needlework on both sides, [meet] (u) for the necks of [them that take] the spoil?

(u) Because he was chief of the army.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Have they not sped:

Exodus 15:9 The enemy said, I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil; my lust shall be satisfied upon them; I will draw my sword, my hand shall destroy them.
Job 20:5 That the triumphing of the wicked [is] short, and the joy of the hypocrite [but] for a moment?

every man:
Heb. the head of a man

of divers:

Genesis 37:3 Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his children, because he [was] the son of his old age: and he made him a coat of [many] colours.
2 Samuel 13:18 And [she had] a garment of divers colours upon her: for with such robes were the king's daughters [that were] virgins apparelled. Then his servant brought her out, and bolted the door after her.
Psalms 45:14 She shall be brought unto the king in raiment of needlework: the virgins her companions that follow her shall be brought unto thee.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 37:3. Ex 15:9. 2S 13:18. Jb 20:5. Ps 45:14.

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