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Judges 5:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For that the leaders took the lead in Israel, For that the people offered themselves willingly, Bless ye Jehovah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Praise ye the LORD for the avenging of Israel, when the people willingly offered themselves.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “That the leaders led in Israel, That the people volunteered, Bless the LORD!
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Praise ye the LORD for the avenging of Israel, when the people willingly offered themselves.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For that leaders led in Israel, For that the people willingly offered themselves, Bless Jehovah!
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For the leadership of leaders in Israel, For the volunteering of the people,—Bless ye Yahweh!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'For freeing freemen in Israel, For a people willingly offering themselves Bless ye Jehovah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— O you of Israel, that have willingly offered your lives to danger, bless the Lord.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Praise ye the LORD, for the auenging of Israel, when the people willingly offered themselues.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— A revelation was made in Israel when the people were made willing: Praise ye the Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Praise ye Yahweh for the avenging of Yisrael, when the people willingly offered themselves.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Praise 1288
{1288} Prime
A primitive root; to kneel; by implication to bless God (as an act of adoration), and (vice-versa) man (as a benefit); also (by euphemism) to curse (God or the king, as treason).
<8761> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 446
ye Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
for the avenging 6544
{6544} Prime
A primitive root; to loosen; by implication to expose, dismiss; figuratively absolve, begin.
{6546} Prime
Feminine of H6545 (in the sense of beginning); leadership (plural concretely leaders).
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל, 3478
{3478} Prime
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
when the people 5971
{5971} Prime
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
willingly offered y5068
[5068] Standard
A primitive root; to impel; hence to volunteer (as a soldier), to present spontaneously.
<8692> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 116
themselves. x5068
(5068) Complement
A primitive root; to impel; hence to volunteer (as a soldier), to present spontaneously.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Judges 5:2-3

_ _ The meaning is obscurely seen in our version; it has been better rendered thus, “Praise ye Jehovah; for the free are freed in Israel — the people have willingly offered themselves” [Robinson].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Judges 5:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Judges 5:2

The Lord — Give him the praise who hath done the work. The people — Chiefly Zebulun and Naphtali. Offered themselves — When neither Deborah nor Barak had any power to compel them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Judges 5:2

Praise ye the LORD for the avenging of Israel, when the (a) people willingly offered themselves.

(a) That is, the two tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
for the avenging:

Deuteronomy 32:43 Rejoice, O ye nations, [with] his people: for he will avenge the blood of his servants, and will render vengeance to his adversaries, and will be merciful unto his land, [and] to his people.
2 Samuel 22:47-48 The LORD liveth; and blessed [be] my rock; and exalted be the God of the rock of my salvation. ... It [is] God that avengeth me, and that bringeth down the people under me,
Psalms 18:47 [It is] God that avengeth me, and subdueth the people under me.
Psalms 48:11 Let mount Zion rejoice, let the daughters of Judah be glad, because of thy judgments.
Psalms 94:1 O LORD God, to whom vengeance belongeth; O God, to whom vengeance belongeth, shew thyself.
Psalms 97:8 Zion heard, and was glad; and the daughters of Judah rejoiced because of thy judgments, O LORD.
Psalms 136:15 But overthrew Pharaoh and his host in the Red sea: for his mercy [endureth] for ever.
Psalms 136:19-20 Sihon king of the Amorites: for his mercy [endureth] for ever: ... And Og the king of Bashan: for his mercy [endureth] for ever:
Psalms 149:6-9 [Let] the high [praises] of God [be] in their mouth, and a twoedged sword in their hand; ... To execute upon them the judgment written: this honour have all his saints. Praise ye the LORD.
Revelation 16:5-6 And I heard the angel of the waters say, Thou art righteous, O Lord, which art, and wast, and shalt be, because thou hast judged thus. ... For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, and thou hast given them blood to drink; for they are worthy.
Revelation 18:20 Rejoice over her, [thou] heaven, and [ye] holy apostles and prophets; for God hath avenged you on her.
Revelation 19:2 For true and righteous [are] his judgments: for he hath judged the great whore, which did corrupt the earth with her fornication, and hath avenged the blood of his servants at her hand.


Judges 5:9 My heart [is] toward the governors of Israel, that offered themselves willingly among the people. Bless ye the LORD.
2 Chronicles 17:16 And next him [was] Amasiah the son of Zichri, who willingly offered himself unto the LORD; and with him two hundred thousand mighty men of valour.
Nehemiah 11:2 And the people blessed all the men, that willingly offered themselves to dwell at Jerusalem.
Psalms 110:3 Thy people [shall be] willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth.
1 Corinthians 9:17 For if I do this thing willingly, I have a reward: but if against my will, a dispensation [of the gospel] is committed unto me.
2 Corinthians 8:12 For if there be first a willing mind, [it is] accepted according to that a man hath, [and] not according to that he hath not.
2 Corinthians 9:7 Every man according as he purposeth in his heart, [so let him give]; not grudgingly, or of necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver.
Philippians 2:13 For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of [his] good pleasure.
Philemon 1:14 But without thy mind would I do nothing; that thy benefit should not be as it were of necessity, but willingly.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 32:43. Jg 5:9. 2S 22:47. 2Ch 17:16. Ne 11:2. Ps 18:47; 48:11; 94:1; 97:8; 110:3; 136:15, 19; 149:6. 1Co 9:17. 2Co 8:12; 9:7. Php 2:13. Phm 1:14. Rv 16:5; 18:20; 19:2.

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