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Judges 5:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The kings came and fought; Then fought the kings of Canaan. In Taanach by the waters of Megiddo: They took no gain of money.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The kings came [and] fought, then fought the kings of Canaan in Taanach by the waters of Megiddo; they took no gain of money.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “The kings came [and] fought; Then fought the kings of Canaan At Taanach near the waters of Megiddo; They took no plunder in silver.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The kings came [and] fought, then fought the kings of Canaan in Tanach by the waters of Megiddo; they took no gain of money.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Kings came,—they fought; Then fought the kings of Canaan; At Taanach, by the waters of Megiddo; They took no spoil of silver.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— On came kings, they fought, Then, fought the kings of Canaan, In Taanach, by the waters of Megiddo,—Plunder of silver, they took not away!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Kings came—they fought; Then fought kings of Canaan, In Taanach, by the waters of Megiddo; Gain of money they took not!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The kings came and fought, the kings of Chanaan fought in Thanac, by the waters of Mageddo and yet they took no spoils.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The kings came [and] fought, then fought the kings of Canaan in Taanach by the waters of Megiddo, they tooke no gaine of money.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Kings set themselves in array, then the kings of Canaan{gr.Chanaan} fought in Thanaach at the water of Megiddo{gr.Mageddo}; they took no gift of money.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The kings came [and] fought, then fought the kings of Kenaan in Tanakh by the waters of Megiddo; they took no gain of money.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The kings 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
came 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
[and] fought, 3898
{3898} Prime
לָחַם
lacham
{law-kham'}
A primitive root; to feed on; figuratively to consume; by implication to battle (as destruction).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
then x227
(0227) Complement
אָז
'az
{awz}
A demonstrative adverb; at that time or place; also as a conjugation, therefore.
fought 3898
{3898} Prime
לָחַם
lacham
{law-kham'}
A primitive root; to feed on; figuratively to consume; by implication to battle (as destruction).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
the kings 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Cn`an כְּנָעַן 3667
{3667} Prime
כְּנַעַן
K@na`an
{ken-ah'-an}
From H3665; humiliated; Kenaan, a son of Ham; also the country inhabited by him.
in Ta`na תַּענַך 8590
{8590} Prime
תַּעַנָךְ
Ta`anak
{tah-an-awk'}
Of uncertain derivation; Taanak or Tanak, a place in Palestine.
by x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the waters 4325
{4325} Prime
מַיִם
mayim
{mah'-yim}
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
of Mqidd מְגִדּוֹ; 4023
{4023} Prime
מְגִדּוֹן
M@giddown
{meg-id-done'}
From H1413; rendezvous; Megiddon or Megiddo, a place in Palestine.
they took 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
no x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
gain y1215
[1215] Standard
בֶּצַע
betsa`
{beh'-tsah}
From H1214; plunder; by extension gain (usually unjust).
x1214
(1214) Complement
בָּצַע
batsa`
{baw-tsah'}
A primitive root to break off, that is, (usually) plunder; figuratively to finish, or (intransitively) stop.
of money. 3701
{3701} Prime
כֶּסֶף
keceph
{keh'-sef}
From H3700; silver (from its pale color); by implication money.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Judges 5:19-22

_ _ describes the scene of battle and the issue. It would seem (Judges 5:19) that Jabin was reinforced by the troops of other Canaanite princes. The battlefield was near Taanach (now Ta’annuk), on a tell or mound in the level plain of Megiddo (now Leijun), on its southwestern extremity, by the left bank of the Kishon.

_ _ they took no gain of money — They obtained no plunder.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Judges 5:12-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Judges 5:19

The kings — There were divers petty kings in those parts who were subject to Jabin. Megiddo — Taanah and Megiddo were two eminent cities, not far from mount Tabor, nor from the river Kishon. No gain — They fought without pay, whether from mere hatred of the Israelites, and a desire to be revenged upon them: or from a full hope and confidence of paying themselves abundantly out of Israel's spoils.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Judges 5:19

The kings came [and] fought, then fought the kings of Canaan in Taanach by the waters of Megiddo; they took no gain of (p) money.

(p) They won nothing, but lost all.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
kings:

Joshua 10:22-27 Then said Joshua, Open the mouth of the cave, and bring out those five kings unto me out of the cave. ... And it came to pass at the time of the going down of the sun, [that] Joshua commanded, and they took them down off the trees, and cast them into the cave wherein they had been hid, and laid great stones in the cave's mouth, [which remain] until this very day.
Joshua 11:1-15 And it came to pass, when Jabin king of Hazor had heard [those things], that he sent to Jobab king of Madon, and to the king of Shimron, and to the king of Achshaph, ... As the LORD commanded Moses his servant, so did Moses command Joshua, and so did Joshua; he left nothing undone of all that the LORD commanded Moses.
Psalms 48:4-6 For, lo, the kings were assembled, they passed by together. ... Fear took hold upon them there, [and] pain, as of a woman in travail.
Psalms 68:12-14 Kings of armies did flee apace: and she that tarried at home divided the spoil. ... When the Almighty scattered kings in it, it was [white] as snow in Salmon.
Psalms 118:8-12 [It is] better to trust in the LORD than to put confidence in man. ... They compassed me about like bees; they are quenched as the fire of thorns: for in the name of the LORD I will destroy them.
Revelation 17:12-14 And the ten horns which thou sawest are ten kings, which have received no kingdom as yet; but receive power as kings one hour with the beast. ... These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him [are] called, and chosen, and faithful.
Revelation 19:19 And I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him that sat on the horse, and against his army.

Taanach:

Judges 1:27 Neither did Manasseh drive out [the inhabitants of] Bethshean and her towns, nor Taanach and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Dor and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Ibleam and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Megiddo and her towns: but the Canaanites would dwell in that land.
1 Kings 4:12 Baana the son of Ahilud; [to him pertained] Taanach and Megiddo, and all Bethshean, which [is] by Zartanah beneath Jezreel, from Bethshean to Abelmeholah, [even] unto [the place that is] beyond Jokneam:

they took:

Judges 5:30 Have they not sped? have they [not] divided the prey; to every man a damsel [or] two; to Sisera a prey of divers colours, a prey of divers colours of needlework, of divers colours of needlework on both sides, [meet] for the necks of [them that take] the spoil?
Genesis 14:22 And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lift up mine hand unto the LORD, the most high God, the possessor of heaven and earth,
Genesis 4:16 And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden.
Psalms 44:12 Thou sellest thy people for nought, and dost not increase [thy wealth] by their price.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 4:16; 14:22. Jsh 10:22; 11:1. Jg 1:27; 5:30. 1K 4:12. Ps 44:12; 48:4; 68:12; 118:8. Rv 17:12; 19:19.

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