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Judges 5:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Gilead abode beyond the Jordan: And Dan, why did he remain in ships? Asher sat still at the haven of the sea, And abode by his creeks.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Gilead abode beyond Jordan: and why did Dan remain in ships? Asher continued on the sea shore, and abode in his breaches.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Gilead remained across the Jordan; And why did Dan stay in ships? Asher sat at the seashore, And remained by its landings.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Gilead abode beyond Jordan: and why did Dan remain in ships? Asher continued on the sea-shore, and abode in his breaches.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Gilead abode beyond Jordan; And Dan, why did he remain in ships? Asher sat on the sea-shore, And abode in his creeks.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Gilead, beyond the Jordan, took his rest, but, Dan, wherefore remained he with the ships? Asher, abode by the shore of the seas, and, by his creeks, must needs rest.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Gilead beyond the Jordan did tabernacle, And Dan—why doth he sojourn [in] ships? Asher hath abode at the haven of the seas, And by his creeks doth tabernacle.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Galaad rested beyond the Jordan, and Dan applied himself to ships: Aser dwelt on the sea shore, and abode in the havens.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Gilead abode beyond Iordan: and why did Dan remaine in ships? Asher continued on the sea shore, and abode in his breaches.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Gilead{gr.Galaad} [is] on the other side of Jordan where he pitched his tents; and why does Dan remain in ships? Asher{gr.Aser} sat down on the sea-coasts, and he will tabernacle at his ports.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Gilad abode beyond Yarden: and why did Dan remain in ships? Asher continued on the sea shore, and abode in his breaches.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Gil` גִּלעָד 1568
{1568} Prime
גִּלְעָד
Gil`ad
{ghil-awd'}
Probably from H1567; Gilad, a region East of the Jordan; also the name of three Israelites.
abode 7931
{7931} Prime
שָׁכַן
shakan
{shaw-kan'}
A primitive root (apparently akin (by transmutation) to H7901 through the idea of lodging; compare H5531 and H7925); to reside or permanently stay (literally or figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
beyond 5676
{5676} Prime
עֵבֶר
`eber
{ay'-ber}
From H5674; properly a region across; but used only adverbially (with or without a preposition) on the opposite side (especially of the Jordan; usually meaning the east).
Yardn יַרדֵּן: 3383
{3383} Prime
יַרְדֵּן
Yarden
{yar-dane'}
From H3381; a descender; Jarden, the principal river of Palestine.
and why x4100
(4100) Complement
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
did Dn דָּן 1835
{1835} Prime
דָּן
Dan
{dawn}
From H1777; judge; Dan, one of the sons of Jacob; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory; likewise a place in Palestine colonized by them.
remain 1481
{1481} Prime
גּוּר
guwr
{goor}
A primitive root; properly to turn aside from the road (for a lodging or any other purpose), that is, sojourn (as a guest); also to shrink, fear (as in a strange place); also to gather for hostility (as afraid).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in ships? 591
{0591} Prime
אֳנִיָּה
'oniyah
{on-ee-yaw'}
Feminine of H0590; a ship.
Ěr אָשֵׁר 836
{0836} Prime
אָשֵׁר
'Asher
{aw-share'}
From H0833; happy; Asher, a son of Jacob, and the tribe descended from him, with its territory; also a place in Palestine.
continued 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
on the sea 3220
{3220} Prime
יָם
yam
{yawm}
From an unused root meaning to roar; a sea (as breaking in noisy surf) or large body of water; specifically (with the article) the Mediterranean; sometimes a large river, or an artificial basin; locally, the west, or (rarely) the south.
shore, 2348
{2348} Prime
חוֹף
chowph
{khofe}
From an unused root meaning to cover; a cove (as a sheltered bay).
and abode 7931
{7931} Prime
שָׁכַן
shakan
{shaw-kan'}
A primitive root (apparently akin (by transmutation) to H7901 through the idea of lodging; compare H5531 and H7925); to reside or permanently stay (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
his breaches. 4664
{4664} Prime
מִפְרָץ
miphrats
{mif-rawts'}
From H6555; a break (in the shore), that is, a haven.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Judges 5:17-18

_ _ Gilead abode beyond Jordan — that is, Both Gad and the eastern half to Manasseh chose to dwell at ease in their Havoth-jair, or “villages of tents,” while Dan and Asher, both maritime tribes, continued with their ships and in their “breaches” (“havens”). The mention of these craven tribes (Judges 5:18) is concluded with a fresh burst of commendation on Zebulun and Naphtali.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Judges 5:12-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Judges 5:17

Gilead — Sometimes taken strictly for that part of the land beyond Jordan which fell to the half — tribe of Manasseh, and sometimes both for that part of Manasseh's, and for Gad's portion, as Joshua 13:24-25, Joshua 13:29-31, and so it seems to be understood here; and the land Gilead is here put for the people or inhabitants of it, Gad and Manasseh. Beyond Jordan — In their own portions, and did not come over Jordan to the help of the Lord, and of his people, as they ought to have done. In ships — Dan, whose coast was near the sea, was wholly intent upon his merchandise, and therefore could not join in this land expedition. Sea — shore — Where their lot lay. His breaches — Either in the creeks of the sea, or, in their broken and craggy rocks and caves.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Judges 5:17

(n) Gilead abode beyond Jordan: and why did Dan remain in ships? Asher continued on the sea shore, and abode in his (o) breaches.

(n) She reproves all those who did not come to help their brethren in their time of need.

(o) Either by hearing of the sea, or by mining,

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Gilead:

Joshua 13:25 And their coast was Jazer, and all the cities of Gilead, and half the land of the children of Ammon, unto Aroer that [is] before Rabbah;
Joshua 13:31 And half Gilead, and Ashtaroth, and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, [were pertaining] unto the children of Machir the son of Manasseh, [even] to the one half of the children of Machir by their families.

Asher:

Joshua 19:24-31 And the fifth lot came out for the tribe of the children of Asher according to their families. ... This [is] the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Asher according to their families, these cities with their villages.

sea shore:
or, sea-port

breaches:
or, creeks
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Jsh 13:25, 31; 19:24.

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