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Judges 5:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Why sattest thou among the sheepfolds, To hear the pipings for the flocks? At the watercourses of Reuben There were great searchings of heart.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Why abodest thou among the sheepfolds, to hear the bleatings of the flocks? For the divisions of Reuben [there were] great searchings of heart.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Why did you sit among the sheepfolds, To hear the piping for the flocks? Among the divisions of Reuben [There were] great searchings of heart.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Why abodest thou among the sheep-folds, to hear the bleatings of the flocks? For the divisions of Reuben [there were] great searchings of heart.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Why abodest thou among the sheepfolds, To hear the bleating of the flocks? In the divisions of Reuben there were great deliberations of heart!
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Wherefore abodes thou among the folds? To hear the mocking of the flocks? The divisions of Reuben, had great counsellings of heart.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Why hast thou abode between the boundaries, To hear lowings of herds? For the divisions of Reuben, Great [are] the searchings of heart!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Why dwellest thou between two borders, that thou mayst hear the bleatings of the flocks? Ruben being divided against himself, there was found a strife of courageous men.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Why abodest thou among the sheepefolds, to heare the bleatings of the flocks? [for] the diuisions of Reuben [there were] great searchings of heart.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Why did they sit between the sheep-folds to hear the bleating of flocks for the divisions of Reuben{gr.Ruben}? [there were] great searchings of heart.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Why abodest thou among the sheepfolds, to hear the bleatings of the flocks? For the divisions of Reuven [there were] great searchings of heart.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Why x4100
(4100) Complement
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
abodest 3427
{3427} Prime
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
thou among 996
{0996} Prime
(Sometimes in the plural masculine or feminine); properly the constructively contracted form of an otherwise unused noun from H0995; a distinction; but used only as a preposition, between (repeated before each noun, often with other particles); also as a conjugation, either... or.
the sheepfolds, 4942
{4942} Prime
From H8192; a stall for cattle (only dual).
to hear 8085
{8085} Prime
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
the bleatings 8292
{8292} Prime
(The second form is by permutation); feminine passive participle of H8319; a whistling (in scorn); by analogy a piping.
of the flocks? 5739
{5739} Prime
From H5737; an arrangement, that is, muster (of animals).
For the divisions y6390
[6390] Standard
From H6385; a runlet, that is, gully.
(6391) Complement
From H6385; a section.
of Rvn רְאוּבֵן 7205
{7205} Prime
From the imperative of H7200 and H1121; see ye a son; Reuben, a son of Jacob.
[there were] great 1419
{1419} Prime
From H1431; great (in any sense); hence older; also insolent.
searchings 2714
{2714} Prime
From H2713; examination, enumeration, deliberation.
of heart. 3820
{3820} Prime
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Judges 5:12-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Judges 5:16

Why abodest — Why wast thou so unworthy and cowardly, that thou wouldest not engage thyself in so just, so necessary, and so noble a cause, but didst prefer the care of this sheep, and thy own ease and safety, before this generous undertaking? Reuben thought neutrality their wisest course; being very rich in cattle, Numbers 32:1. They were loath to run the hazard of so great a loss, by taking up arms against so potent an enemy as Jabin: and the bleatings of their sheep were so loud in their ears, that they could not hear the call of Deborah and Barak.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Numbers 32:1-5 Now the children of Reuben and the children of Gad had a very great multitude of cattle: and when they saw the land of Jazer, and the land of Gilead, that, behold, the place [was] a place for cattle; ... Wherefore, said they, if we have found grace in thy sight, let this land be given unto thy servants for a possession, [and] bring us not over Jordan.
Numbers 32:24 Build you cities for your little ones, and folds for your sheep; and do that which hath proceeded out of your mouth.
Philippians 2:21 For all seek their own, not the things which are Jesus Christ's.
Philippians 3:19 Whose end [is] destruction, whose God [is their] belly, and [whose] glory [is] in their shame, who mind earthly things.)

or, In,
Judges 5:15 And the princes of Issachar [were] with Deborah; even Issachar, and also Barak: he was sent on foot into the valley. For the divisions of Reuben [there were] great thoughts of heart.


Psalms 4:4 Stand in awe, and sin not: commune with your own heart upon your bed, and be still. Selah.
Psalms 77:6 I call to remembrance my song in the night: I commune with mine own heart: and my spirit made diligent search.
Lamentations 3:40-41 Let us search and try our ways, and turn again to the LORD. ... Let us lift up our heart with [our] hands unto God in the heavens.
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Nu 32:1, 24. Jg 5:15. Ps 4:4; 77:6. Lm 3:40. Php 2:21; 3:19.

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