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Judges 5:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the princes of Issachar were with Deborah; As was Issachar, so was Barak; Into the valley they rushed forth at his feet. By the watercourses of Reuben There were great resolves of heart.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the princes of Issachar [were] with Deborah; even Issachar, and also Barak: he was sent on foot into the valley. For the divisions of Reuben [there were] great thoughts of heart.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “And the princes of Issachar [were] with Deborah; As [was] Issachar, so [was] Barak; Into the valley they rushed at his heels; Among the divisions of Reuben [There were] great resolves of heart.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the princes of Issachar [were] with Deborah: even Issachar, and also Barak: he was sent on foot into the valley. For the divisions of Reuben [there were] great thoughts of heart.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the princes in Issachar were with Deborah; And Issachar, like Barak; They were sent into the valley at his feet. In the divisions of Reuben there were great resolves of heart!
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, my princes in Issachar, were with Deborah, yea, Issachar, was the support of Barak, Into the vale rushed they forth at his feet. Among the divisions of Reuben, great were the resolves of the heart:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And princes in Issachar [are] with Deborah, Yea, Issachar [is] right with Barak, Into the valley he was sent on his feet. In the divisions of Reuben, Great [are] the decrees of heart!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The captains of Issachar were with Debbora, and followed the steps of Barac, who exposed himself to danger, as one going headlong, and into a pit. Ruben being divided against himself, there was found a strife of courageous men.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the princes of Issachar [were] with Deborah: euen Issachar, and also Barak, he was sent on foot into the valley: for the diuisions of Reuben, [there were] great thoughts of heart.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And princes in Issachar were with Deborah{gr.Debbora} and Barak{gr.Barac}, thus she sent Barak{gr.Barac} on his feet in the valleys into the portions of Reuben{gr.Ruben}; great [pangs] reached to the heart.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the princes of Yissaskhar [were] with Devorah; even Yissaskhar, and also Baraq: he was sent on foot into the valley. For the divisions of Reuven [there were] great thoughts of heart.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the princes 8269
{8269} Prime
שַׂר
sar
{sar}
From H8323; a head person (of any rank or class).
of Yi$$jr יִשָּׂשכָר 3485
{3485} Prime
יִשָּׂשכָר
Yissaskar
{yis-saw-kawr'}
From H5375 and H7939; he will bring a reward; Jissaskar, a son of Jacob.
[were] with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
Dvr דְּבוֹרָה; 1683
{1683} Prime
דְּבוֹרָה
D@bowrah
{deb-o-raw'}
The same as H1682; Deborah, the name of two Hebrewesses.
even Yi$$jr יִשָּׂשכָר, 3485
{3485} Prime
יִשָּׂשכָר
Yissaskar
{yis-saw-kawr'}
From H5375 and H7939; he will bring a reward; Jissaskar, a son of Jacob.
and also x3651
(3651) Complement
כֵּן
ken
{kane}
From H3559; properly set upright; hence (figuratively as adjective) just; but usually (as adverb or conjugation) rightly or so (in various applications to manner, time and relation; often with other particles).
Brk בָּרָק: 1301
{1301} Prime
בָּרָק
Baraq
{baw-rawk'}
The same as H1300; Barak, an Israelite.
he was sent 7971
{7971} Prime
שָׁלַח
shalach
{shaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to send away, for, or out (in a great variety of applications).
z8795
<8795> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 199
on foot 7272
{7272} Prime
רֶגֶל
regel
{reh'-gel}
From H7270; a foot (as used in walking); by implication a step; by euphemism the pudenda.
into the valley. 6010
{6010} Prime
עֵמֶק
`emeq
{ay'-mek}
From H6009; a vale (that is, broad depression).
For the divisions y6390
[6390] Standard
פְּלַגָּה
p@laggah
{pel-ag-gaw'}
From H6385; a runlet, that is, gully.
x6391
(6391) Complement
פְּלֻגָּה
p@luggah
{pel-oog-gaw'}
From H6385; a section.
of Rvn רְאוּבֵן 7205
{7205} Prime
רְאוּבֵן
R@'uwben
{reh-oo-bane'}
From the imperative of H7200 and H1121; see ye a son; Reuben, a son of Jacob.
[there were] great 1419
{1419} Prime
גָּדוֹל
gadowl
{gaw-dole'}
From H1431; great (in any sense); hence older; also insolent.
thoughts 2711
{2711} Prime
חֵקֶק
cheqeq
{khay'-kek}
From H2710; an enactment, a resolution.
of heart. 3820
{3820} Prime
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Judges 5:15

_ _ Then comes a reproachful notice of the tribes which did not obey the summons to take the field against the common enemy of Israel. By the

_ _ divisions — that is, the watercourses which descend from the eastern hills unto the Jordan and Dead Sea.

_ _ For the divisions of Reuben there were great thoughts of heart — They felt the patriotic impulse and determined, at first, to join the ranks of their western brethren, but resiled from the purpose, preferring their peaceful shepherd songs to the trumpet sound of war.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Judges 5:12-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Judges 5:15

With Deborah — Ready to assist her. Issachar — Heb. and Issachar, that is, the tribe or people of Issachar, following the counsel and example of their princes. Barak — That is, they were as hearty and valiant as Barak their general; and as he marched on foot against their enemies horses and chariots, and that into the valley, where the main use of horses and chariots lies; so did they with no less courage and resolution. Divisions — Or, separations, not so much one from another, (for they seem to be all so well agreed in abiding at home with their sheep) as all from their brethren, from whom they were divided no less in their designs and affections, than in their situation by the river Jordan: and they would not join their interests and forces with them in this common cause. Great thoughts — Or, great searchings, great and sad thoughts, and debates, and perplexities of mind among the Israelites, to see themselves deserted by so great and potent a tribe as Reuben was.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Judges 5:15

And the princes of Issachar [were] with Deborah; even (l) Issachar, and also Barak: he was sent on foot into the valley. For the divisions of Reuben [there were] great (m) thoughts of heart.

(l) Even the whole tribe.

(m) They marvelled that they did not cross the Jordan to help them.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the princes:

1 Chronicles 12:32 And of the children of Issachar, [which were men] that had understanding of the times, to know what Israel ought to do; the heads of them [were] two hundred; and all their brethren [were] at their commandment.

Barak:

Judges 4:6 And she sent and called Barak the son of Abinoam out of Kedeshnaphtali, and said unto him, Hath not the LORD God of Israel commanded, [saying], Go and draw toward mount Tabor, and take with thee ten thousand men of the children of Naphtali and of the children of Zebulun?
Judges 4:14 And Deborah said unto Barak, Up; for this [is] the day in which the LORD hath delivered Sisera into thine hand: is not the LORD gone out before thee? So Barak went down from mount Tabor, and ten thousand men after him.

foot:
Heb. his feet, Beraglaiv, rather, "with his footmen," so LXX Alex. πεζους αυτου, and Luther, mit feinem Fubvolt.
Acts 20:13 And we went before to ship, and sailed unto Assos, there intending to take in Paul: for so had he appointed, minding himself to go afoot.

For the:
or, In the divisions, etc.
Acts 15:39 And the contention was so sharp between them, that they departed asunder one from the other: and so Barnabas took Mark, and sailed unto Cyprus;

thoughts:
Heb. impressions,
Proverbs 22:13 The slothful [man] saith, [There is] a lion without, I shall be slain in the streets.
2 Corinthians 11:2 For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused you to one husband, that I may present [you as] a chaste virgin to Christ.
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Jg 4:6, 14. 1Ch 12:32. Pv 22:13. Ac 15:39; 20:13. 2Co 11:2.

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