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Judges 4:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Jehovah sold them into the hand of Jabin king of Canaan, that reigned in Hazor; the captain of whose host was Sisera, who dwelt in Harosheth of the Gentiles.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the LORD sold them into the hand of Jabin king of Canaan, that reigned in Hazor; the captain of whose host [was] Sisera, which dwelt in Harosheth of the Gentiles.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And the LORD sold them into the hand of Jabin king of Canaan, who reigned in Hazor; and the commander of his army was Sisera, who lived in Harosheth-hagoyim.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the LORD sold them into the hand of Jabin king of Canaan that reigned in Hazor, the captain of whose host [was] Sisera, who dwelt in Harosheth of the Gentiles.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Jehovah sold them into the hand of Jabin king of Canaan, who reigned in Hazor; and the captain of his army was Sisera, who dwelt in Harosheth-Goim.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So Yahweh sold them into the hand of Jabin king of Canaan, who reigned in Hazor,—now, the prince of his host, was Sisera, and, he, dwelt in Harosheth of the nations.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Jehovah selleth them into the hand of Jabin king of Canaan, who hath reigned in Hazor, and the head of his host [is] Sisera, and he is dwelling in Harosheth of the Goyim;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the Lord delivered them up into the hands of Jabin, king of Chanaan, who reigned in Asor: and he had a general of his army named Sisara, and he dwelt in Haroseth of the Gentiles.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the LORD sold them into the hande of Iabin king of Canaan: that reigned in Hazor, the captaine of whose host was Sisera, which dwelt in Harosheth of the Gentiles.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the Lord sold the children of Israel into the hand of Jabin king of Canaan{gr.Chanaan}, who ruled in Hazor{gr.Asor}; and the chief of his host was Sisera{gr.Sisara}, and he dwelt in Arisoth of the Gentiles.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Yahweh sold them into the hand of Yavin king of Kenaan, that reigned in Chatzor; the captain of whose host [was] Sisra, which dwelt in Charosheth of the Gentiles.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
sold 4376
{4376} Prime
מָכַר
makar
{maw-kar'}
A primitive root; to sell, literally (as merchandise, a daughter in marriage, into slavery), or figuratively (to surrender).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
them into the hand 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
of Yvn יָבִין 2985
{2985} Prime
יָבִין
Yabiyn
{yaw-bene'}
From H0995; intelligent; Jabin, the name of two Canaanitish kings.
king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Cn`an כְּנָעַן, 3667
{3667} Prime
כְּנַעַן
K@na`an
{ken-ah'-an}
From H3665; humiliated; Kenaan, a son of Ham; also the country inhabited by him.
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
reigned 4427
{4427} Prime
מָלַךְ
malak
{maw-lak'}
A primitive root; to reign; inceptively to ascend the throne; causatively to induct into royalty; hence (by implication) to take counsel.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
in xr חָצוֹר; 2674
{2674} Prime
חָצוֹר
Chatsowr
{khaw-tsore'}
A collective form of H2691; village; Chatsor, the name (thus simply) of two places in Palestine and of one in Arabia.
the captain 8269
{8269} Prime
שַׂר
sar
{sar}
From H8323; a head person (of any rank or class).
of whose host 6635
{6635} Prime
צָבָא
tsaba'
{tsaw-baw'}
From H6633; a mass of persons (or figurative things), especially regularly organized for war (an army); by implication a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically hardship, worship).
[was] Ssr סִיסרָא, 5516
{5516} Prime
סִיסְרָא
Ciyc@ra'
{see-ser-aw'}
Of uncertain derivation; Sisera, the name of a Canaanitish king and of one of the Nethinim.
which x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
dwelt 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
in re חֲרֹשֶׁת y2800
[2800] Standard
חֲרֹשֶׁת
Charosheth
{khar-o'-sheth}
The same as H2799; Charosheth, a place in Palestine.
of the Gentiles. y1471
[1471] Standard
גּוֹי
gowy
{go'-ee}
Apparently from the same root as H1465 (in the sense of massing); a foreign nation; hence a Gentile; also (figuratively) a troop of animals, or a flight of locusts.
x2800
(2800) Complement
חֲרֹשֶׁת
Charosheth
{khar-o'-sheth}
The same as H2799; Charosheth, a place in Palestine.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Judges 4:2-3

_ _ Jabin king of Canaan — “Jabin,” a royal title (see on Joshua 11:1). The second Jabin built a new capital on the ruins of the old (Joshua 11:10, Joshua 11:11). The northern Canaanites had recovered from the effect of their disastrous overthrow in the time of Joshua, and now triumphed in their turn over Israel. This was the severest oppression to which Israel had been subjected. But it fell heaviest on the tribes in the north, and it was not till after a grinding servitude of twenty years that they were awakened to view it as the punishment of their sins and to seek deliverance from God.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Judges 4:1-3.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Judges 4:2

Of Canaan — That is, of the land where most of the Canaanites, strictly so called, now dwelt, which seems to be in the northern part of Canaan. This seems to be of the posterity of that Jabin, whom Joshua slew, Joshua 11:11, who watched all opportunities to recover his ancient possessions, and to revenge his own and his father's quarrel. In Hazor — In the territory or the kingdom of Hazor, which might now be restored to its former largeness and power. Of the Gentiles — So called, because it was much frequented and inhabited by the Gentiles; either by the Canaanites, who being beaten out of their former possessions, seated themselves in those northern parts; or by other nations coming there for traffick, whence Galilee, where this was, is called Galilee of the Gentiles.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Judges 4:2

And the LORD sold them into the hand of (a) Jabin king of Canaan, that reigned in Hazor; the captain of whose host [was] Sisera, which dwelt in (b) Harosheth of the Gentiles.

(a) There was another Jabin, whom Joshua killed and burnt his city Hazor, (Joshua 11:13).

(b) That is in a wood, or strong place,

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
sold:

Judges 2:14-15 And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he delivered them into the hands of spoilers that spoiled them, and he sold them into the hands of their enemies round about, so that they could not any longer stand before their enemies. ... Whithersoever they went out, the hand of the LORD was against them for evil, as the LORD had said, and as the LORD had sworn unto them: and they were greatly distressed.
Judges 10:7 And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hands of the Philistines, and into the hands of the children of Ammon.
Isaiah 50:1 Thus saith the LORD, Where [is] the bill of your mother's divorcement, whom I have put away? or which of my creditors [is it] to whom I have sold you? Behold, for your iniquities have ye sold yourselves, and for your transgressions is your mother put away.
Matthew 18:25 But forasmuch as he had not to pay, his lord commanded him to be sold, and his wife, and children, and all that he had, and payment to be made.
"It seems to concern only north Israel."

Hazor:

Joshua 11:1 And it came to pass, when Jabin king of Hazor had heard [those things], that he sent to Jobab king of Madon, and to the king of Shimron, and to the king of Achshaph,
Joshua 11:10-11 And Joshua at that time turned back, and took Hazor, and smote the king thereof with the sword: for Hazor beforetime was the head of all those kingdoms. ... And they smote all the souls that [were] therein with the edge of the sword, utterly destroying [them]: there was not any left to breathe: and he burnt Hazor with fire.
Joshua 19:36 And Adamah, and Ramah, and Hazor,

Sisera:

1 Samuel 12:9 And when they forgat the LORD their God, he sold them into the hand of Sisera, captain of the host of Hazor, and into the hand of the Philistines, and into the hand of the king of Moab, and they fought against them.
Psalms 83:9 Do unto them as [unto] the Midianites; as [to] Sisera, as [to] Jabin, at the brook of Kison:

Harosheth:

Judges 4:13 And Sisera gathered together all his chariots, [even] nine hundred chariots of iron, and all the people that [were] with him, from Harosheth of the Gentiles unto the river of Kishon.
Judges 4:16 But Barak pursued after the chariots, and after the host, unto Harosheth of the Gentiles: and all the host of Sisera fell upon the edge of the sword; [and] there was not a man left.
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Jsh 11:1, 10; 19:36. Jg 2:14; 4:13, 16; 10:7. 1S 12:9. Ps 83:9. Is 50:1. Mt 18:25.

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