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Judges 4:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now Heber the Kenite had separated himself from the Kenites, even from the children of Hobab the brother-in-law of Moses, and had pitched his tent as far as the oak in Zaanannim, which is by Kedesh.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now Heber the Kenite, [which was] of the children of Hobab the father in law of Moses, had severed himself from the Kenites, and pitched his tent unto the plain of Zaanaim, which [is] by Kedesh.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now Heber the Kenite had separated himself from the Kenites, from the sons of Hobab the father-in-law of Moses, and had pitched his tent as far away as the oak in Zaanannim, which is near Kedesh.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now Heber the Kenite, [who was] of the children of Hobab the father-in-law of Moses, had severed himself from the Kenites, and pitched his tent to the plain of Zaanaim, which [is] by Kedesh.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— (Now Heber the Kenite had severed himself from the Kenites, from the children of Hobab the father-in-law of Moses, and had pitched his tent as far as the oak of Zaannaim, which is by Kedesh.)
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, Heber the Kenite, had separated himself from the Kenites, even from the sons of Hobab, father-in-law of Moses,—and moved his tent as far as the oak of Zaanaim, which is near Kadesh.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Heber the Kenite hath been separated from the Kenite, from the sons of Hobab father-in-law of Moses, and he stretcheth out his tent unto the oak in Zaanaim, which [is] by Kedesh.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now Haber, the Cinite, had some time before departed from the rest of the Cinites, his brethren, the sons of Hobab, the kinsman of Moses: and had pitched his tents unto the valley, which is called Sennim, and was near Cedes.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now Heber the Kenite, which was of the children of Hobab the father in law of Moses, had seuered himselfe from the Kenites, and pitched his tent vnto the plaine of Zaanaim, which is by Kedesh.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Heber{gr.Chaber} the Kenite had removed from Caina, from the sons of Jobab the father-in-law of Mosheh{gr.Moses}, and pitched his tent by the oak of the covetous ones, which is near Kedes.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Now Chever the Qeni, [which was] of the children of Chovav the father in law of Mosheh, had severed himself from the Qenim, and pitched his tent unto the plain of Tzaanannim, which [is] by Qedesh.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now ever חֶבֶר 2268
{2268} Prime
חֶבֶר
Cheber
{kheh'-ber}
The same as H2267; community; Cheber, the name of a Kenite and of three Israelites.
the Kn קֵינִי, y7017
[7017] Standard
קֵינִי
Qeyniy
{kay-nee'}
Patronymic from H7014; a Kenite or member of the tribe of Kajin.
x7014
(7014) Complement
קַיִן
Qayin
{kah'-yin}
The same as H7013 (with a play upon the affinity to H7069); Kajin, the name of the first child, also of a place in Palestine, and of an Oriental tribe.
[which was] of the children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of vv חֹבָב 2246
{2246} Prime
חֹבָב
Chobab
{kho-bawb'}
From H2245; cherished; Chobab, father in law of Moses.
the father in law 2859
{2859} Prime
חוֹתֵן
chathan
{khaw-than'}
A primitive root; to give (a daughter) away in marriage; hence (generally) to contract affinity by marriage.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of M מֹשֶׁה, 4872
{4872} Prime
מֹשֶׁה
Mosheh
{mo-sheh'}
From H4871; drawing out (of the water), that is, rescued; Mosheh, the Israelitish lawgiver.
had severed y6504
[6504] Standard
פָּרַד
parad
{paw-rad'}
A primitive root; to break through, that is, spread or separate (oneself).
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
himself x6504
(6504) Complement
פָּרַד
parad
{paw-rad'}
A primitive root; to break through, that is, spread or separate (oneself).
from the Knm קֵינִים, 7017
{7017} Prime
קֵינִי
Qeyniy
{kay-nee'}
Patronymic from H7014; a Kenite or member of the tribe of Kajin.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and pitched 5186
{5186} Prime
נָטָה
natah
{naw-taw'}
A primitive root; to stretch or spread out; by implication to bend away (including moral deflection); used in a great variety of applications.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
his tent 168
{0168} Prime
אֹהֶל
'ohel
{o'-hel}
From H0166; a tent (as clearly conspicuous from a distance).
unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
the plain 436
{0436} Prime
אֵלוֹן
'elown
{ay-lone'}
Prolonged from H0352; an oak or other strong tree.
of Xa`nannm צַעֲנַנִּים, 6815
{6815} Prime
צַעֲנַנִּים
Tsa`ananniym
{tsah-an-an-neem'}
Plural from H6813; removals; Tsaanannim or Tsaanajim, a place in Palestine.
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[is] by x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
Kee קֶדֶשׁ. 6943
{6943} Prime
קֶדֶשׁ
Qedesh
{keh'-desh}
From H6942; a sanctum; Kedesh, the name of four places in Palestine.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Judges 4:11

_ _ Now Heber the Kenite ... pitched his tent — It is not uncommon, even in the present day, for pastoral tribes to feed their flocks on the extensive commons that lie in the heart of inhabited countries in the East (see on Judges 1:16).

_ _ plain of Zaanaim — This is a mistranslation for “the oaks of the wanderers.” The site of the encampment was under a grove of oaks, or terebinths, in the upland valley of Kedesh.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Judges 4:10-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Judges 4:11

Heber — The husband of Jael. Of Hobab — Called also Jethro. The Kenites — From the rest of his brethren, who lived in the wilderness of Judah. His tent — That is, his dwelling, which probably was in tents, as shepherds used.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Judges 4:11

Now Heber the Kenite, [which was] of the children of Hobab the father in law of Moses, had severed himself from the Kenites, and pitched his tent (f) unto the plain of Zaanaim, which [is] by Kedesh.

(f) Meaning, that he possessed a great part of that country.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Heber:

Judges 1:16 And the children of the Kenite, Moses' father in law, went up out of the city of palm trees with the children of Judah into the wilderness of Judah, which [lieth] in the south of Arad; and they went and dwelt among the people.
Numbers 10:29 And Moses said unto Hobab, the son of Raguel the Midianite, Moses' father in law, We are journeying unto the place of which the LORD said, I will give it you: come thou with us, and we will do thee good: for the LORD hath spoken good concerning Israel.
Numbers 24:21 And he looked on the Kenites, and took up his parable, and said, Strong is thy dwellingplace, and thou puttest thy nest in a rock.

Hobab:

Exodus 2:18 And when they came to Reuel their father, he said, How [is it that] ye are come so soon to day?
Exodus 3:1 Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest of Midian: and he led the flock to the backside of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, [even] to Horeb.
Exodus 18:1 When Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father in law, heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people, [and] that the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt;

Zaanaim:

Joshua 19:33 And their coast was from Heleph, from Allon to Zaanannim, and Adami, Nekeb, and Jabneel, unto Lakum; and the outgoings thereof were at Jordan:
Joshua 19:37 And Kedesh, and Edrei, and Enhazor,
, Zaanannim

Kedesh:

Judges 4:6 And she sent and called Barak the son of Abinoam out of Kedeshnaphtali, and said unto him, Hath not the LORD God of Israel commanded, [saying], Go and draw toward mount Tabor, and take with thee ten thousand men of the children of Naphtali and of the children of Zebulun?
Joshua 19:37 And Kedesh, and Edrei, and Enhazor,
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Ex 2:18; 3:1; 18:1. Nu 10:29; 24:21. Jsh 19:33, 37. Jg 1:16; 4:6.

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