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Judges 4:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the children of Israel again did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, when Ehud was dead.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the children of Israel again did evil in the sight of the LORD, when Ehud was dead.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then the sons of Israel again did evil in the sight of the LORD, after Ehud died.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the children of Israel again did evil in the sight of the LORD, after Ehud was dead.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the children of Israel again did evil in the sight of Jehovah; now Ehud was dead.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And the sons of Israel again did the thing that was wicked in the sight of Yahweh,—when, Ehud, was dead.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the sons of Israel add to do the evil thing in the eyes of Jehovah when Ehud is dead,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the children of Israel again did evil in the sight of the Lord after the death of Aod:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the children of Israel againe did euil in the sight of the LORD, when Ehud was dead.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the children of Israel continued to do evil against the Lord; and Ehud{gr.Aod} was dead.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the children of Yisrael again did evil in the sight of Yahweh, when Ehud was dead.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the children 1121
{1121} Prime
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
again 3254
{3254} Prime
A primitive root; to add or augment (often adverbially to continue to do a thing).
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
did 6213
{6213} Prime
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
evil 7451
{7451} Prime
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
in the sight 5869
{5869} Prime
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
of Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
when h אֵהוּד y164
[0164] Standard
From the same as H0161; united; Ehud, the name of two or three Israelite.
(0261) Complement
From H0258; united; Echud, the name of three Israelites.
was dead. 4191
{4191} Prime
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Judges 4:1

_ _ Judges 4:1-17. Deborah and Barak deliver Israel from Jabin and Sisera.

_ _ The children of Israel again did evil in the sight of the Lord, when Ehud was dead — The removal of the zealous judge Ehud again left his infatuated countrymen without the restraint of religion.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Judges 4:1-3

_ _ Here is, I. Israel backsliding from God: They again did evil in his sight, forsook his service, and worshipped idols; for this was the sin which now most easily beset them, Judges 4:1. See in this, 1. The strange strength of corruption, which hurries men into sin notwithstanding the most frequent experience of its fatal consequences. The bent to backslide is with great difficulty restrained. 2. The common ill effects of a long peace. The land had rest eighty years, which should have confirmed them in their religion; but, on the contrary, it made them secure and wanton, and indulgent of those lusts which the worship of the false gods was calculated for the gratification of. Thus the prosperity of fools destroys them. Jeshurun waxeth fat and kicketh. 3. The great loss which a people sustains by the death of good governors. The did evil, because Ehud was dead. So it may be read. He kept a strict eye upon them, restrained and punished every thing that looked towards idolatry, and kept them close to God's service. But, when he was gone, they revolted, fearing him more than God.

_ _ II. Israel oppressed by their enemies. When they forsook God, he forsook them; and then they became an easy prey to every spoiler. They alienated themselves from God as if he were none of theirs; and then God alienated them as none of his. Those that threw themselves out of God's service threw themselves out of his protection. What has my beloved to do in my house when she has thus played the harlot? Jeremiah 11:15. He sold them into the hand of Jabin, Judges 4:2. This Jabin reigned in Hazor, as another of the same name, and perhaps his ancestor, had done before him, whom Joshua routed and slew, and burnt his city, Joshua 11:1, Joshua 11:10. But it seems, in process of time, the city was rebuilt, the power regained, the loss retrieved, and, by degrees, the king of Hazor becomes able to tyrannize over Israel, who by sin had lost all their advantage against the Canaanites. This servitude was longer than either of the former, and much more grievous. Jabin, and his general Sisera, did mightily oppress Israel. That which aggravated the oppression was, 1. That this enemy was nearer to them than any of the former, in their borders, in their bowels, and by this means had the more opportunity to do them a mischief. 2. That they were the natives of the country, who bore an implacable enmity to them, for invading and dispossessing them, and when they had them in their power would be so much the more cruel and mischievous towards them in revenge of the old quarrel. 3. That these Canaanites had formerly been conquered and subdued by Israel, were of old sentenced to be their servants (Genesis 9:25), and might now have been under their feet, and utterly incapable of giving them any disturbance, if their own slothfulness, cowardice, and unbelief, had not suffered them thus to get head. To be oppressed by those whom their fathers had conquered, and whom they themselves had foolishly spared, could not but be very grievous.

_ _ III. Israel returning to their God: They cried unto the Lord, when distress drove them to him, and they saw no other way of relief. Those that slight God in their prosperity will find themselves under a necessity of seeking him when they are in trouble.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
am 2699, bc 1305, An, Ex, Is, 186

did evil:

Judges 2:11 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim:
Judges 2:19-20 And it came to pass, when the judge was dead, [that] they returned, and corrupted [themselves] more than their fathers, in following other gods to serve them, and to bow down unto them; they ceased not from their own doings, nor from their stubborn way. ... And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel; and he said, Because that this people hath transgressed my covenant which I commanded their fathers, and have not hearkened unto my voice;
Judges 3:7 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and forgat the LORD their God, and served Baalim and the groves.
Judges 3:12 And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD: and the LORD strengthened Eglon the king of Moab against Israel, because they had done evil in the sight of the LORD.
Judges 6:1 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD: and the LORD delivered them into the hand of Midian seven years.
Judges 10:6 And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim, and Ashtaroth, and the gods of Syria, and the gods of Zidon, and the gods of Moab, and the gods of the children of Ammon, and the gods of the Philistines, and forsook the LORD, and served not him.
Leviticus 26:23-25 And if ye will not be reformed by me by these things, but will walk contrary unto me; ... And I will bring a sword upon you, that shall avenge the quarrel of [my] covenant: and when ye are gathered together within your cities, I will send the pestilence among you; and ye shall be delivered into the hand of the enemy.
Nehemiah 9:23-30 Their children also multipliedst thou as the stars of heaven, and broughtest them into the land, concerning which thou hadst promised to their fathers, that they should go in to possess [it]. ... Yet many years didst thou forbear them, and testifiedst against them by thy spirit in thy prophets: yet would they not give ear: therefore gavest thou them into the hand of the people of the lands.
Psalms 106:43-45 Many times did he deliver them; but they provoked [him] with their counsel, and were brought low for their iniquity. ... And he remembered for them his covenant, and repented according to the multitude of his mercies.
Jeremiah 5:3 O LORD, [are] not thine eyes upon the truth? thou hast stricken them, but they have not grieved; thou hast consumed them, [but] they have refused to receive correction: they have made their faces harder than a rock; they have refused to return.
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Lv 26:23. Jg 2:11, 19; 3:7, 12; 6:1; 10:6. Ne 9:23. Ps 106:43. Jr 5:3.

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