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Judges 20:40 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But when the cloud began to arise up out of the city in a pillar of smoke, the Benjamites looked behind them; and, behold, the whole of the city went up [in smoke] to heaven.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But when the flame began to arise up out of the city with a pillar of smoke, the Benjamites looked behind them, and, behold, the flame of the city ascended up to heaven.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But when the cloud began to rise from the city in a column of smoke, Benjamin looked behind them; and behold, the whole city was going up [in smoke] to heaven.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But when the flame began to rise from the city with a pillar of smoke, the Benjaminites looked behind them, and behold, the flame of the city ascended to heaven.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And when the burning began to rise up out of the city as a pillar of smoke, Benjamin looked behind, and behold, the whole city ascended [in smoke] to the heavens.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— then, the cloud, began to ascend out of the city, a pillar of smoke,—and the Benjamites looked behind them, and lo! the whole city flamed up towards the heavens.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the volume hath begun to go up from the city—a pillar of smoke—and Benjamin turneth behind, and lo, gone up hath the perfection of the city toward the heavens.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And perceived, as it were, a pillar of smoke rise up from the city; and Benjamin looking back, saw that the city was taken, and that the flames ascended on high:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But when the flame began to arise vp out of the citie, with a pillar of smoke, the Beniamites looked behind them, and behold, the flame of the citie ascended vp to heauen.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the signal went up increasingly over the city as a pillar of smoke; and Benjamin looked behind him, and behold the destruction of the city went up to heaven.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But when the flame began to arise up out of the city with a pillar of smoke, the Benyeminim looked behind them, and, behold, the flame of the city ascended up to heaven.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But when the flame 4864
{4864} Prime
מַשְׂאֵת
mas'eth
{mas-ayth'}
From H5375; properly (abstractly) a raising (as of the hands in prayer), or rising (of flame); figuratively an utterance; concretely a beacon (as raised); a present (as taken), mess, or tribute; figuratively a reproach (as a burden).
began 2490
{2490} Prime
חָלַל
chalal
{khaw-lal'}
A primitive root (compare H2470); properly to bore, that is, (by implication) to wound, to dissolve; figuratively to profane (a person, place or thing), to break (one's word), to begin (as if by an opening-wedge); denominatively (from H2485) to play (the flute).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
to arise up 5927
{5927} Prime
עָלָה
`alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
out of x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the city 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
with a pillar 5982
{5982} Prime
עַמּוּד
`ammuwd
{am-mood'}
From H5975; a column (as standing); also a stand, that is, platform.
of smoke, 6227
{6227} Prime
עָשָׁן
`ashan
{aw-shawn'}
From H6225; smoke, literally or figuratively (vapor, dust, anger).
the BenyśmÓnÓm בֶּניְמִינִים y1145
[1145] Standard
בּן־יְמִינִי
Ben-y@miyniy
{ben-yem-ee-nee'}
Multiple forms. Sometimes (with the article inserted); with H0376 inserted (1 Samuel 9:1); son of a man of Jemini; or shorter (1 Samuel 9:4; Esther 2:5); a man of Jemini; or (1 Samuel 20:1); more simply: a Jeminite; (plural patronymic from H1144; a Benjaminite, or descendant of Benjamin.
x1144
(1144) Complement
בִּנְיָמִן
Binyamiyn
{bin-yaw-mene'}
From H1121 and H3225; son of (the) right hand; Binjamin, youngest son of Jacob; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory.
looked 6437
{6437} Prime
פָּנָה
panah
{paw-naw'}
A primitive root; to turn; by implication to face, that is, appear, look, etc.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
behind 310
{0310} Prime
אַחַר
'achar
{akh-ar'}
From H0309; properly the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjugation, after (in various senses).
them, and, behold, x2009
(2009) Complement
הִנֵּה
hinneh
{hin-nay'}
Prolonged for H2005; lo!.
the flame 3632
{3632} Prime
כָּלִיל
kaliyl
{kaw-leel'}
From H3634; complete; as noun, the whole (specifically a sacrifice entirely consumed); as adverb fully.
of the city 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
ascended up 5927
{5927} Prime
עָלָה
`alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
to heaven. 8064
{8064} Prime
שָׁמַיִם
shamayim
{shaw-mah'-yim}
The second form being dual of an unused singular; from an unused root meaning to be lofty; the sky (as aloft; the dual perhaps alluding to the visible arch in which the clouds move, as well as to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Judges 20:29-48.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Judges 20:26-48.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a pillar:

Genesis 19:28 And he looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the land of the plain, and beheld, and, lo, the smoke of the country went up as the smoke of a furnace.
Song of Songs 3:6 Who [is] this that cometh out of the wilderness like pillars of smoke, perfumed with myrrh and frankincense, with all powders of the merchant?
Joel 2:30 And I will shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke.
Revelation 19:3 And again they said, Alleluia. And her smoke rose up for ever and ever.

looked:

Joshua 8:20 And when the men of Ai looked behind them, they saw, and, behold, the smoke of the city ascended up to heaven, and they had no power to flee this way or that way: and the people that fled to the wilderness turned back upon the pursuers.

flame:
Heb. whole consumption
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Gn 19:28. Jsh 8:20. So 3:6. Jol 2:30. Rv 19:3.

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