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Judges 20:38 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now the appointed sign between the men of Israel and the liers-in-wait was, that they should make a great cloud of smoke rise up out of the city.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now there was an appointed sign between the men of Israel and the liers in wait, that they should make a great flame with smoke rise up out of the city.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now the appointed sign between the men of Israel and the men in ambush was that they would make a great cloud of smoke rise from the city.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now there was an appointed sign between the men of Israel and the liers in wait, that they should make a great flame with smoke to rise from the city.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Now there was an appointed sign between the men of Israel and the ambush, that they should make a thick column of smoke rise up out of the city.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, the appointed sign, between the men of Israel and the liers in wait, had been,—to cause a great cloud of smoke to ascend out of the city.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And there was the appointed sign to the men of Israel with the ambush—their causing to go up a great volume of smoke from the city.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now the children of Israel had given a sign to them, whom they had laid in ambushes, that after they had taken the city, they should make a fire: that by the smoke rising on high, they might shew that the city was taken.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Nowe there was an appointed signe between the men of Israel and the liers in wait, that they should make a great flame with smoke rise vp out of the citie.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the children of Israel had a signal of battle with the liers in wait, that they should send up a signal of smoke from the city.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Now there was an appointed sign between the men of Yisrael and the liers in wait, that they should make a great flame with smoke rise up out of the city.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now there was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
an appointed sign 4150
{4150} Prime
מוֹעֵד
mow`ed
{mo-ade'}
From H3259; properly an appointment, that is, a fixed time or season; specifically a festival; conventionally a year; by implication, an assembly (as convened for a definite purpose); technically the congregation; by extension, the place of meeting; also a signal (as appointed beforehand).
between the men 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
and y5973
[5973] Standard
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
the liers in wait, 693
{0693} Prime
אָרַב
'arab
{aw-rab'}
A primitive root; to lurk.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
that they should make a great 7235
{7235} Prime
רָבָה
rabah
{raw-baw'}
A primitive root; to increase (in whatever respect).
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
flame 4864
{4864} Prime
מַשְׂאֵת
mas'eth
{mas-ayth'}
From H5375; properly (abstractly) a raising (as of the hands in prayer), or rising (of flame); figuratively an utterance; concretely a beacon (as raised); a present (as taken), mess, or tribute; figuratively a reproach (as a burden).
with smoke 6227
{6227} Prime
עָשָׁן
`ashan
{aw-shawn'}
From H6225; smoke, literally or figuratively (vapor, dust, anger).
rise up 5927
{5927} Prime
עָלָה
`alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
out of x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the city. 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Judges 20:29-48.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Judges 20:26-48.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Now there:
From this verse to the end of the chapter, we have the details of the same operations which are mentioned, in a general way, in the preceding verses of this chapter.

sign:
or, time,
Genesis 17:21 But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time in the next year.
2 Kings 4:16 And he said, About this season, according to the time of life, thou shalt embrace a son. And she said, Nay, my lord, [thou] man of God, do not lie unto thine handmaid.
*marg.

and:
Heb. with

flame:
Heb. elevation
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Gn 17:21. 2K 4:16.

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