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Judges 2:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they forsook Jehovah, and served Baal and the Ashtaroth.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And they forsook the LORD, and served Baal and Ashtaroth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So they forsook the LORD and served Baal and the Ashtaroth.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And they forsook the LORD, and served Baal and Ashtaroth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And they forsook Jehovah, and served Baal and the Ashtoreths.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Yea, they forsook Yahweh,—and did service unto the Baal and unto Ashtaroth.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— yea, they forsake Jehovah, and do service to Baal and to Ashtaroth.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Forsaking him, and serving Baal and Astaroth
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And they forsooke the LORD, and serued Baal and Ashtaroth.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And they provoked the Lord, and forsook him, and served Baal and the Ashtaroth{gr.Astartes}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And they forsook Yahweh, and served Baal and Ashtaroth.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And they forsook 5800
{5800} Prime
עָזַב
`azab
{aw-zab'}
A primitive root; to loosen, that is, relinquish, permit, etc.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
and served 5647
{5647} Prime
עָבַד
`abad
{aw-bad'}
A primitive root; to work (in any sense); by implication to serve, till, (causatively) enslave, etc.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
B`al בָּעַל 1168
{1168} Prime
בַּעַל
Ba`al
{bah'-al}
The same as H1167; Baal, a Phoenician deity.
and `Atr עַשׁתָּרוֹת. 6252
{6252} Prime
עַשְׁתָּרוֹת
`Ashtarowth
{ash-taw-roth'}
Plural of H6251; Ashtaroth, the name of a Sidonian deity, and of a place East of the Jordan.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Judges 2:11-19.


Judges 2:13

_ _ Ashtaroth — Also a plural word, denoting all the female divinities, whose rites were celebrated by the most gross and revolting impurities.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Judges 2:6-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Judges 2:13

Baal and Ashtaroth — That is, the sun and moon, whom many Heathens worshipped, tho' under divers names; and so they ran into that error which God had so expressly warned them against, Deuteronomy 4:19. Baalim signifies lords, and Ashtaroth, blessed ones, he — gods and she — gods. When they forsook Jehovah, they had gods many and lords many, as a luxuriant fancy pleased to multiply them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Judges 2:13

And they forsook the LORD, and served Baal and (f) Ashtaroth.

(f) These were idols, which had the form of a ewe or sheep among the Sidonians.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
served:

Judges 2:11 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim:
Judges 3:7 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and forgat the LORD their God, and served Baalim and the groves.
Judges 10:6 And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim, and Ashtaroth, and the gods of Syria, and the gods of Zidon, and the gods of Moab, and the gods of the children of Ammon, and the gods of the Philistines, and forsook the LORD, and served not him.
1 Samuel 31:10 And they put his armour in the house of Ashtaroth: and they fastened his body to the wall of Bethshan.
1 Kings 11:5 For Solomon went after Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, and after Milcom the abomination of the Ammonites.
1 Kings 11:33 Because that they have forsaken me, and have worshipped Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, Chemosh the god of the Moabites, and Milcom the god of the children of Ammon, and have not walked in my ways, to do [that which is] right in mine eyes, and [to keep] my statutes and my judgments, as [did] David his father.
2 Kings 23:13 And the high places that [were] before Jerusalem, which [were] on the right hand of the mount of corruption, which Solomon the king of Israel had builded for Ashtoreth the abomination of the Zidonians, and for Chemosh the abomination of the Moabites, and for Milcom the abomination of the children of Ammon, did the king defile.
Psalms 106:36 And they served their idols: which were a snare unto them.
1 Corinthians 8:5 For though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or in earth, (as there be gods many, and lords many,)
1 Corinthians 10:20-22 But I [say], that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils. ... Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than he?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jg 2:11; 3:7; 10:6. 1S 31:10. 1K 11:5, 33. 2K 23:13. Ps 106:36. 1Co 8:5; 10:20.

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