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Judges 12:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And after him Ibzan of Beth-lehem judged Israel.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And after him Ibzan of Bethlehem judged Israel.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now Ibzan of Bethlehem judged Israel after him.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And after him Ibzan of Beth-lehem judged Israel.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And after him Ibzan of Bethlehem judged Israel.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And there judged Israel, after him, Ibzan of Bethlehem.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And after him Ibzan of Beth-Lehem judgeth Israel,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— After him Abesan of Bethlehem judged Israel:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And after him Ibzan of Bethlehem iudged Israel.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And after him Abaissan of Bethlehem{gr.Bethleem} judged Israel.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And after him Ivtzan of Beth Lachem judged Yisrael.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And after 310
{0310} Prime
אַחַר
'achar
{akh-ar'}
From H0309; properly the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjugation, after (in various senses).
him Ivxn אִבצָן 78
{0078} Prime
אִבְצָן
'Ibtsan
{ib-tsawn'}
From the same as H0076; splendid; Ibtsan, an Israelite.
of B Lem בֵּית־לָחֶם 1035
{1035} Prime
בֵּית לֶחֶם
Beyth Lechem
{bayth leh'-khem}
From H1004 and H3899; house of bread; Beth-Lechem, a place in Palestine.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
judged 8199
{8199} Prime
שָׁפַט
shaphat
{shaw-fat'}
A primitive root; to judge, that is, pronounce sentence (for or against); by implication to vindicate or punish; by extension to govern; passively to litigate (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל. 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

Judges 12:8-15

_ _ We have here a short account of the short reigns of three more of the judges of Israel, the first of whom governed but seven years, the second ten, and the third eight. For the transgression of a land, many are the princes thereof, many in a short time, successively (Proverbs 28:2), good men being removed in the beginning of their usefulness and by the time that they have applied themselves to their business.

_ _ I. Ibzan of Bethlehem, most probably Bethlehem of Judah, David's city, not that in Zebulun, which is only mentioned once, Joshua 19:15. He ruled but seven years, but by the number of his children, and his disposing of them all in marriage himself, it appears that he lived long; and probably the great increase of his family, and the numerous alliances he made, added to his personal merits, made him the more fit to be either chosen by the people as Jephthah was, or called of God immediately, as Gideon was, to be Israel's judge, to keep up and carry on the work of God among them. That which is remarkable concerning him is, 1. That he had many children, sixty in all, a quiver full of these arrows. Thus was Bethlehem of old famous for increase, the very city where he was to be born whose spiritual seed should be as the stars of heaven. 2. That he had an equal number of each sex, thirty sons and thirty daughters, a thing which does not often happen in the same family, yet, in the great family of mankind, he that at first made two, male and female, by his wise providence preserves a succession of both in some sort of equality as far as is requisite to the keeping up of the generations of men upon earth. 3. That he took care to marry them all. His daughters he sent abroad, et maritis dedit, so the vulgar Latin adds — he provided husbands for them; and, as it were in exchange, and both ways, strengthening his interest, he took in thirty daughters from abroad for his sons. The Jews say, Every father owes three things to his son: to teach him to read the law, give him a trade, and get him a wife. What a difference was there between Ibzan's family and that of his immediate predecessor Jephthah! Ibzan has sixty children and all married, Jephthah but one, a daughter, that dies or lives unmarried. Some are increased, others are diminished: both are the Lord's doing.

_ _ II. Elon of Zebulun, in the north of Canaan, was next raised up to preside in public affairs, to administer justice, and to reform abuses. Ten years he continued a blessing to Israel, and then died, Judges 12:11, Judges 12:12. Dr. Lightfoot computes that in the beginning of his time the forty years' oppression by the Philistines began (spoken of Judges 13:1), and about that time Samson was born. Probably, his residence being in the north, the Philistines who bordered upon the southern parts of Canaan took the opportunity of making incursions upon them.

_ _ III. Abdon, of the tribe of Ephraim, succeeded, and in him that illustrious tribe begins to recover its reputation, having not afforded any person of note since Joshua; for Abimelech the Shechemite was rather a scandal to it. This Abdon was famous for the multitude of his offspring (v. 14): he had forty sons and thirty grandsons, all of whom he lived to see grown up, and they rode on seventy ass-colts either as judges and officers or as gentlemen and persons of distinction. It was a satisfaction to him thus to see his children's children, but it is feared he did not see peace upon Israel, for by this time the Philistines had begun to break in upon them. Concerning this, and the rest of these judges that have ever so short an account given of them, yet notice is taken where they were buried (Judges 12:7, Judges 12:10, Judges 12:12, Judges 12:15), perhaps because the inscriptions upon their monuments (for such were anciently used, 2 Kings 23:17) would serve for the confirmation and enlargement of their story, and might be consulted by such as desired further information concerning them. Peter, having occasion to speak of David, says, His sepulchre is with us unto this day, Acts 2:29. Or it is intended for the honour of the places where they laid their bones, but may be improved for the lessening of our esteem of all worldly glory, of which death and the grave will stain the pride. These judges, that were as gods to Israel, died like men, and all their honour was laid in the dust.

_ _ It is very strange that in the history of all these judges, some of whose actions are very particularly related, there is not so much as once mention made of the high priest, or any other priest or Levite, appearing either for counsel or action in any public affair, from Phinehas (Judges 20:28) to Eli, which may well be computed 250 years; only the names of the high priests at that time are preserved, 1 Chronicles 6:4-7; and Ezra 7:3-5. How can this strange obscurity of that priesthood for so long a time, now in the beginning of its days, agree with that mighty splendour with which it was introduced and the figure which the institution of it makes in the law of Moses? Surely it intimates that the institution was chiefly intended to be typical, and that the great benefits that seemed to be promised by it were to be chiefly looked for in its antitype, the everlasting priesthood of our Lord Jesus, in comparison of the superior glory of which that priesthood had no glory, 2 Corinthians 3:10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Judges 12:8

And after him (f) Ibzan of Bethlehem judged Israel.

(f) Some think that this was Boaz the husband of Ruth.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Ibzan:
am 2823, bc 1181, An, Ex, Is, 310, "He seems to have been only a civil judge to do justice in North-east Israel."

Bethlehem:

Genesis 15:19 The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites,
1 Samuel 16:1 And the LORD said unto Samuel, How long wilt thou mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? fill thine horn with oil, and go, I will send thee to Jesse the Bethlehemite: for I have provided me a king among his sons.
Micah 5:2 But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, [though] thou be little among the thousands of Judah, [yet] out of thee shall he come forth unto me [that is] to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth [have been] from of old, from everlasting.
Matthew 2:1 Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem,
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Gn 15:19. 1S 16:1. Mi 5:2. Mt 2:1.

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