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Judges 11:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then Jephthah fled from his brethren, and dwelt in the land of Tob: and there were gathered vain fellows to Jephthah, and they went out with him.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then Jephthah fled from his brethren, and dwelt in the land of Tob: and there were gathered vain men to Jephthah, and went out with him.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So Jephthah fled from his brothers and lived in the land of Tob; and worthless fellows gathered themselves about Jephthah, and they went out with him.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then Jephthah fled from his brethren, and dwelt in the land of Tob: and there were gathered vain men to Jephthah, and [they] went out with him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Then Jephthah fled from his brethren, and dwelt in the land of Tob. And vain men were gathered to Jephthah, and they made expeditions with him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So Jephthah fled from the face of his brethren, and dwelt in the land of Tob,—and there gathered about Jephthah unemployed men, who went forth with him.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Jephthah fleeth from the face of his brethren, and dwelleth in the land of Tob; and vain men gather themselves together unto Jephthah, and they go out with him.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Then he fled and avoided them, and dwelt in the land of Tob: and there were gathered to him needy men and robbers, and they followed him as their prince.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then Iephthah fled from his brethren, and dwelt in the land of Tob: and there were gathered vaine men to Iephthah, and went out with him.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Jephthah{gr.Jephthae} fled from the face of his brethren, and dwelt in the land of Tob; and vain men gathered to Jephthah{gr.Jephthae}, and went out with him.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then Yiftach fled from his brethren, and dwelt in the land of Tov: and there were gathered vain men to Yiftach, and went out with him.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then Yift יִפתָּח 3316
{3316} Prime
יִפְתָּח
Yiphtach
{yif-tawkh'}
From H6605; he will open; Jiphtach, an Israelite; also a place in Palestine.
fled 1272
{1272} Prime
בָּרַח
barach
{baw-rakh'}
A primitive root; to bolt, that is, figuratively to flee suddenly.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
from 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
his brethren, 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
and dwelt 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in the land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
of v טוֹב: 2897
{2897} Prime
טוֹב
Towb
{tobe}
The same as H2896; good; Tob, a region apparently East of the Jordan.
and there were gathered 3950
{3950} Prime
לקט
laqat
{law-kat'}
A primitive root; properly to pick up, that is, (generally) to gather; specifically to glean.
z8691
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
vain 7386
{7386} Prime
רֵיק
reyq
{rake}
From H7324; empty; figuratively worthless.
men y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Yift יִפתָּח, 3316
{3316} Prime
יִפְתָּח
Yiphtach
{yif-tawkh'}
From H6605; he will open; Jiphtach, an Israelite; also a place in Palestine.
and went out 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
him.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Judges 11:3

_ _ Jephthah ... dwelt in the land of Tob — on the north of Gilead, beyond the frontier of the Hebrew territories (2 Samuel 10:6, 2 Samuel 10:8).

_ _ there were gathered vain men to Jephthah — idle, daring, or desperate.

_ _ and went out with him — followed him as a military chief. They led a freebooting life, sustaining themselves by frequent incursions on the Ammonites and other neighboring people, in the style of Robin Hood. The same kind of life is led by many an Arab or Tartar still, who as the leader of a band, acquires fame by his stirring or gallant adventures. It is not deemed dishonorable when the expeditions are directed against those out of his own tribe or nation. Jephthah’s mode of life was similar to that of David when driven from the court of Saul.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Judges 11:1-3.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Judges 11:3

Of Tob — The name either of the land, or of the man who was the owner or ruler of it. This place was in, or near Gilead, as appears by the speedy intercourse which here was between Jephthah and the Israelites. Vain men — Idle persons, who desired rather to get their living by spoil and rapine, than by honest labour. These evil persons Jephthah managed well, employing them against the enemies of God, and of Israel, that bordered upon them; and particularly upon parties of the Ammonites, which made the Israelites more forward to chuse him for their chieftain in this war. Went out — When he made excursions and attempts upon the enemy.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Judges 11:3

Then Jephthah fled from his brethren, and dwelt in the land of (b) Tob: and there were gathered vain men to Jephthah, and (c) went out with him.

(b) Where the governor of the country was called Tob.

(c) Joined with him, as some think, against his brethren.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
from his brethren:
Heb. from the face of

Tob:
Probably the same as Ish-Tob; and appears to have been a part of Syria, near Zobah, Rehob, and Maachah, east of Jordan, and in the most northern part of the portion of Manasseh. If so, it could not be far from Gilead, the country of Jephthah. This country is called Tobie or Tubin, 1 Maccabees 5:13; and the Jews who inhabited this district Tubieni, 2 Maccabees 12:17;
2 Samuel 10:6 And when the children of Ammon saw that they stank before David, the children of Ammon sent and hired the Syrians of Bethrehob, and the Syrians of Zoba, twenty thousand footmen, and of king Maacah a thousand men, and of Ishtob twelve thousand men.
.

vain men:

Judges 9:4 And they gave him threescore and ten [pieces] of silver out of the house of Baalberith, wherewith Abimelech hired vain and light persons, which followed him.
1 Samuel 22:2 And every one [that was] in distress, and every one that [was] in debt, and every one [that was] discontented, gathered themselves unto him; and he became a captain over them: and there were with him about four hundred men.
1 Samuel 27:2 And David arose, and he passed over with the six hundred men that [were] with him unto Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath.
1 Samuel 30:22-24 Then answered all the wicked men and [men] of Belial, of those that went with David, and said, Because they went not with us, we will not give them [ought] of the spoil that we have recovered, save to every man his wife and his children, that they may lead [them] away, and depart. ... For who will hearken unto you in this matter? but as his part [is] that goeth down to the battle, so [shall] his part [be] that tarrieth by the stuff: they shall part alike.
Job 30:1-10 But now [they that are] younger than I have me in derision, whose fathers I would have disdained to have set with the dogs of my flock. ... They abhor me, they flee far from me, and spare not to spit in my face.
Acts 17:5 But the Jews which believed not, moved with envy, took unto them certain lewd fellows of the baser sort, and gathered a company, and set all the city on an uproar, and assaulted the house of Jason, and sought to bring them out to the people.
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Jg 9:4. 1S 22:2; 27:2; 30:22. 2S 10:6. Jb 30:1. Ac 17:5.

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