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Judges 11:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then Jephthah went with the elders of Gilead, and the people made him head and chief over them: and Jephthah spake all his words before Jehovah in Mizpah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then Jephthah went with the elders of Gilead, and the people made him head and captain over them: and Jephthah uttered all his words before the LORD in Mizpeh.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then Jephthah went with the elders of Gilead, and the people made him head and chief over them; and Jephthah spoke all his words before the LORD at Mizpah.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then Jephthah went with the elders of Gilead, and the people made him head and captain over them: and Jephthah uttered all his words before the LORD in Mizpeh.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Then Jephthah went with the elders of Gilead, and the people made him head and captain over them; and Jephthah uttered all his words before Jehovah in Mizpah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then went Jephthah with the elders of Gilead, and the people set him over them, as head and commander,—and Jephthah spake all his words before Yahweh, in Mizpah.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Jephthah goeth with the elders of Gilead, and the people set him over them for head and for captain, and Jephthah speaketh all his words before Jehovah in Mizpeh.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Jephte therefore went with the princes of Galaad, and all the people made him their prince. And Jephte spoke all his words before the Lord in Maspha.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then Iephthah went with the Elders of Gilead, and the people made him head and captaine ouer them: and Iephthah vttered all his words before the LORD in Mizpeh.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Jephthah{gr.Jephthae} went with the elders of Gilead{gr.Galaad}, and the people made him head and ruler over them: and Jephthah{gr.Jephthae} spoke all his words before the Lord in Mizpeh{gr.Massepha}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then Yiftach went with the elders of Gilad, and the people made him head and captain over them: and Yiftach uttered all his words before Yahweh in Mitzpah.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then Yift יִפתָּח 3316
{3316} Prime
יִפְתָּח
Yiphtach
{yif-tawkh'}
From H6605; he will open; Jiphtach, an Israelite; also a place in Palestine.
went y3212
[3212] Standard
יָלַך
yalak
{yaw-lak'}
A primitive root (compare H1980); to walk (literally or figuratively); causatively to carry (in various senses).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x1980
(1980) Complement
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
the elders 2205
{2205} Prime
זָקֵן
zaqen
{zaw-kane'}
From H2204; old.
of Gil` גִּלעָד, 1568
{1568} Prime
גִּלְעָד
Gil`ad
{ghil-awd'}
Probably from H1567; Gilad, a region East of the Jordan; also the name of three Israelites.
and the people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
made 7760
{7760} Prime
שׂוּם
suwm
{soom}
A primitive root; to put (used in a great variety of applications, literally, figuratively, inferentially and elliptically).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
him head 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
and captain 7101
{7101} Prime
קָצִין
qatsiyn
{kaw-tseen'}
From H7096 in the sense of determining; a magistrate (as deciding) or other leader.
over x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
them: and Yift יִפתָּח 3316
{3316} Prime
יִפְתָּח
Yiphtach
{yif-tawkh'}
From H6605; he will open; Jiphtach, an Israelite; also a place in Palestine.
uttered 1696
{1696} Prime
דִּבֵּר
dabar
{daw-bar'}
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
his words 1697
{1697} Prime
דָּבָר
dabar
{daw-baw'}
From H1696; a word; by implication a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially a cause.
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
in Mixp מִצפָּה. 4709
{4709} Prime
מִצְפָּה
Mitspah
{mits-paw'}
Feminine of H4708; Mitspah, the name of two places in Palestine. (This seems rather to be only an orthographical variation of H4708 when 'in pause'.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Judges 11:10-11.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Judges 11:4-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Judges 11:11

All his words — Or, all his matters, the whole business. Before the Lord — That is, before the public congregation, wherewith God was usually, and then especially present.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
head:

Judges 11:8 And the elders of Gilead said unto Jephthah, Therefore we turn again to thee now, that thou mayest go with us, and fight against the children of Ammon, and be our head over all the inhabitants of Gilead.

uttered:

1 Samuel 23:9-12 And David knew that Saul secretly practised mischief against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring hither the ephod. ... Then said David, Will the men of Keilah deliver me and my men into the hand of Saul? And the LORD said, They will deliver [thee] up.
1 Kings 3:7-9 And now, O LORD my God, thou hast made thy servant king instead of David my father: and I [am but] a little child: I know not [how] to go out or come in. ... Give therefore thy servant an understanding heart to judge thy people, that I may discern between good and bad: for who is able to judge this thy so great a people?
2 Corinthians 3:5 Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think any thing as of ourselves; but our sufficiency [is] of God;
James 1:5 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all [men] liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.
James 1:17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.

Jephthah uttered:
That is, upon his elevation, he immediately retired to his devotion, and in prayer spread the whole matter before God, both his choice to the office, and his execution of the office, as one that had his eye ever toward the Lord, and would do nothing without him; that leaned not to his own understanding or courage, but depended on the Almighty God, and his favour. This is an ensample worthy of universal imitation; in All Our Ways, whether great or apparently subordinate, let us acknowledge God and seek his direction. So shall we make our way prosperous, and obtain that peace which passeth all understanding. Jephthah opened his campaign with prayer.

before:

Judges 10:17 Then the children of Ammon were gathered together, and encamped in Gilead. And the children of Israel assembled themselves together, and encamped in Mizpeh.
Judges 20:1 Then all the children of Israel went out, and the congregation was gathered together as one man, from Dan even to Beersheba, with the land of Gilead, unto the LORD in Mizpeh.
1 Samuel 10:17 And Samuel called the people together unto the LORD to Mizpeh;
1 Samuel 11:15 And all the people went to Gilgal; and there they made Saul king before the LORD in Gilgal; and there they sacrificed sacrifices of peace offerings before the LORD; and there Saul and all the men of Israel rejoiced greatly.

Mizpeh:
This Mizpeh was east of Jordan in the mountains of Gilead (
Genesis 31:49 And Mizpah; for he said, The LORD watch between me and thee, when we are absent one from another.
); and hence called Mizpeh of Gilead (
Judges 11:29 Then the Spirit of the LORD came upon Jephthah, and he passed over Gilead, and Manasseh, and passed over Mizpeh of Gilead, and from Mizpeh of Gilead he passed over [unto] the children of Ammon.
), to distinguish it from another place of the same name, west of Jordan, in the tribe of Judah.
Joshua 15:38 And Dilean, and Mizpeh, and Joktheel,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 31:49. Jsh 15:38. Jg 10:17; 11:8, 29; 20:1. 1S 10:17; 11:15; 23:9. 1K 3:7. 2Co 3:5. Jm 1:5, 17.

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