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Judges 1:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And afterward the children of Judah went down to fight against the Canaanites that dwelt in the hill-country, and in the South, and in the lowland.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And afterward the children of Judah went down to fight against the Canaanites, that dwelt in the mountain, and in the south, and in the valley.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Afterward the sons of Judah went down to fight against the Canaanites living in the hill country and in the Negev and in the lowland.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And afterward the children of Judah went down to fight against the Canaanites that dwelt on the mountain, and in the south, and in the valley.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And afterwards the children of Judah went down to fight against the Canaanites, that dwelt in the hill-country, and in the south, and in the lowland.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, afterwards, the sons of Judah went down to make war upon the Canaanites,—dwelling in the hill country, and in the south, and in the lowland.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and afterwards have the sons of Judah gone down to fight against the Canaanite, inhabiting the hill-country, and the south, and the low country;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And afterwards they went down and fought against the Chanaanite, who dwelt in the mountains, and in the south, and in the plains.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And afterward the children of Iudah went downe to fight against the Canaanites that dwelt in the moutaine, & in the South, and in the valley.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And afterwards the children of Judah{gr.Judas} went down to fight with the Canaanite{gr.Chananite} dwelling in the hill country, and the south, and the plain country.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And afterward the children of Yehudah went down to fight against the Kenaanim, that dwelt in the mountain, and in the south, and in the valley.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And afterward 310
{0310} Prime
From H0309; properly the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjugation, after (in various senses).
the children 1121
{1121} Prime
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Yh יְהוּדָה 3063
{3063} Prime
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
went down 3381
{3381} Prime
A primitive root; to descend (literally to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively to fall); causatively to bring down (in all the above applications).
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
to fight 3898
{3898} Prime
A primitive root; to feed on; figuratively to consume; by implication to battle (as destruction).
<8736> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 240
against the Cna`nm כְּנַעֲנִים, 3669
{3669} Prime
Patrial from H3667; a Kenaanite or inhabitant of Kenaan; by implication a pedlar (the Cananites standing for their neighbors the Ishmaelites, who conducted mercantile caravans).
that dwelt 3427
{3427} Prime
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
in the mountain, 2022
{2022} Prime
A shortened form of H2042; a mountain or range of hills (sometimes used figuratively).
and in the south, 5045
{5045} Prime
From an unused root meaning to be parched; the south (from its drought); specifically the negeb or southern district of Judah, occasionally, Egypt (as south to Palestine).
and in the valley. 8219
{8219} Prime
From H8213; Lowland, that is, (with the article) the maritime slope of Palestine.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

Judges 1:9-20

_ _ We have here a further account of that glorious and successful campaign which Judah and Simeon made. 1. The lot of Judah was pretty well cleared of the Canaanites, yet not thoroughly. Those that dwelt in the mountain (the mountains that were round about Jerusalem) were driven out (Judges 1:9, Judges 1:19), but those in the valley kept their ground against them, having chariots of iron, such as we read of, Joshua 17:16. Here the men of Judah failed, and thereby spoiled the influence which otherwise their example hitherto might have had on the rest of the tribes, who followed them in this instance of their cowardice, rather than in all the other instances of their courage. They had iron chariots, and therefore it was thought not safe to attack them: but had not Israel God on their side, whose chariots are thousands of angels (Psalms 68:17), before whom these iron chariots would be but as stubble to the fire? Had not God expressly promised by the oracle (Judges 1:2) to give them success against the Canaanites in this very expedition, without excepting those that had iron chariots? Yet they suffered their fears to prevail against their faith, they could not trust God under any disadvantages, and therefore durst not face the iron chariots, but meanly withdrew their forces, when with one bold stroke they might have completed their victories; and it proved of pernicious consequence. They did run well, what hindered them? Galatians 5:7. 2. Caleb was put in possession of Hebron, which, though given him by Joshua ten or twelve years before (as Dr. Lightfoot computes), yet being employed in public service, for the settling of the tribes, which he preferred before his own private interests, it seems he did not till now make himself master of; so well content was that good man to serve others, while he left himself to be served last; few are like-minded, for all seek their own, Philippians 2:20, Philippians 2:21. Yet now the men of Judah all came in to his assistance for the reducing of Hebron (Judges 1:10), slew the sons of Anak, and put him in possession of it, Judges 1:20. They gave Hebron unto Caleb. And now Caleb, that he might return the kindness of his countrymen, is impatient to see Debir reduced and put into the hands of the men of Judah, to expedite which he proffers his daughter to the person that will undertake to command in the siege of that important place, Judges 1:11, Judges 1:12. Othniel bravely undertakes it, and wins the town and the lady (Judges 1:13), and by his wife's interest and management with her father gains a very good inheritance for himself and his family, Judges 1:14, Judges 1:15. We had this passage before, Joshua 15:16-19, where it was largely explained and improved. 3. Simeon got ground of the Canaanites in his border, Judges 1:17, Judges 1:18. In the eastern part of Simeon's lot, they destroyed the Canaanites in Zephath, and called it Hormahdestruction, adding this to some other devoted cities not far off, which they had some time ago, with good reason, called by that name, Numbers 21:2, Numbers 21:3. And this perhaps was the complete performance of the vow they them made that they would utterly destroy these cities of the Canaanites in the south. In the western part they took Gaza, Askelon, and Ekron, cities of the Philistines; they gained present possession of the cities, but, not destroying the inhabitants, the Philistines in process of time recovered the cities, and proved inveterate enemies to the Israel of God, and no better could come of doing their work by the halves. 4. The Kenites gained a settlement in the tribe of Judah, choosing it there rather than in any other tribe, because it was the strongest, and there they hoped to be safe and quiet, Judges 1:16. These were the posterity of Jethro, who either went with Israel when Moses invited them (Numbers 10:29) or met them about the same place when they came up from their wanderings in the wilderness thirty-eight years after, and went with them then to Canaan, Moses having promised them that they should fare as Israel fared, Numbers 10:32. They had at first seated themselves in the city of palm-trees, that is, Jericho, a city which never was to be rebuilt, and therefore the fitter for those who dwelt in tents, and did not mind building. But afterwards they removed into the wilderness of Judah, either out of their affection to that place, because solitary and retired, or out of their affection to that tribe, which perhaps had been in a particular manner kind to them. Yet we find the tent of Jael, who was of that family, far north, in the lot of Naphtali, when Sisera took shelter there, Judges 4:17. This respect Israel showed them, to let them fix where they pleased, being a quiet people, who, wherever they were, were content with a little. Those that molested none were molested by none. Blessed are the meek, for thus they shall inherit the earth.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Joshua 10:36 And Joshua went up from Eglon, and all Israel with him, unto Hebron; and they fought against it:
Joshua 11:21 And at that time came Joshua, and cut off the Anakims from the mountains, from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, and from all the mountains of Judah, and from all the mountains of Israel: Joshua destroyed them utterly with their cities.
Joshua 15:13-20 And unto Caleb the son of Jephunneh he gave a part among the children of Judah, according to the commandment of the LORD to Joshua, [even] the city of Arba the father of Anak, which [city is] Hebron. ... This [is] the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Judah according to their families.

or, low country
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