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Judges 1:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they found Adoni-bezek in Bezek; and they fought against him, and they smote the Canaanites and the Perizzites.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And they found Adonibezek in Bezek: and they fought against him, and they slew the Canaanites and the Perizzites.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— They found Adoni-bezek in Bezek and fought against him, and they defeated the Canaanites and the Perizzites.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And they found Adoni-bezek in Bezek: and they fought against him, and they slew the Canaanites and the Perizzites.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And they found Adoni-Bezek in Bezek, and fought against him, and they smote the Canaanites and the Perizzites.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And they found Adoni-bezek in Bezek, and fought with him,—and smote the Canaanites and the Perizzites.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and they find Adoni-Bezek in Bezek, and fight against him, and smite the Canaanite and the Perizzite.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they found Adonibezec in Bezec, and fought against him, and they defeated the Chanaanite, and the Pherezite.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And they found Adoni-bezek in Bezek: and they fought against him, and they slew the Canaanites, and the Perizzites.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And they overtook Adonibezek in Bezek, and fought against him; and they smote the Canaanite{gr.Chananite} and the Perizzite{gr.Pherezite}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And they found Adoni Bezeq in Bezeq: and they fought against him, and they slew the Kenaanim and the Perizzim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And they found 4672
{4672} Prime
מָצָא
matsa'
{maw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; properly to come forth to, that is, appear or exist; transitively to attain, that is, find or acquire; figuratively to occur, meet or be present.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
n Bezek אֲדֹנִי־בֶּזֶק 137
{0137} Prime
אֲדֹנִי בֶּזֶק
'Adoniy-Bezeq
{ad-o''-nee-beh'-zek}
From H0113 and H0966; lord of Bezek; Adoni-Bezek, a Canaanitish king.
in Bezek בֶּזֶק: 966
{0966} Prime
בֶּזֶק
Bezeq
{beh'-zak}
From H0965; lightning; Bezek, a place in Palestine.
and they fought 3898
{3898} Prime
לָחַם
lacham
{law-kham'}
A primitive root; to feed on; figuratively to consume; by implication to battle (as destruction).
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
against him, and they slew 5221
{5221} Prime
נָכָה
nakah
{naw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the Cna`nm כְּנַעֲנִים 3669
{3669} Prime
כְּנַעֲנִי
K@na`aniy
{ken-ah-an-ee'}
Patrial from H3667; a Kenaanite or inhabitant of Kenaan; by implication a pedlar (the Cananites standing for their neighbors the Ishmaelites, who conducted mercantile caravans).
and the Prizzm פְּרִזִּים. 6522
{6522} Prime
פְּרִזִּי
P@rizziy
{per-iz-zee'}
For H6521; inhabitant of the open country; a Perizzite, one of the Canaanitish tribes.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Judges 1:5-6

_ _ Bezek — This place lay within the domain of Judah, about twelve miles south of Jerusalem.

_ _ found Adoni-bezek — that is, “lord of Bezek” — he was “found,” that is, surprised and routed in a pitched battle, whence he fled; but being taken prisoner, he was treated with a severity unusual among the Israelites, for they “cut off his thumbs and great toes.” Barbarities of various kinds were commonly practiced on prisoners of war in ancient times, and the object of this particular mutilation of the hands and feet was to disable them for military service ever after. The infliction of such a horrid cruelty on this Canaanite chief would have been a foul stain on the character of the Israelites if there were not reason for believing it was done by them as an act of retributive justice, and as such it was regarded by Adoni-bezek himself, whose conscience read his atrocious crimes in their punishment.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Judges 1:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Judges 1:5

Adoni — bezek — The lord or king of Bezek; as his name signifies. In Bezek — Whither he fled when he lost the field. Against him — That is, against the city wherein he had encamped himself, and the rest of his army.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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WHYDIDJUDAH CUT OFF BEZEK THUMBS AND BIG TOES IN JUDGES 1:5-6.
- ROBERT MURRAY (11/14/2011 6:03:08 AM) [qBible.com]
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