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Jude 1:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For there are certain men crept in privily, [even] they who were of old written of beforehand unto this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying our only Master and Lord, Jesus Christ.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For certain persons have crept in unnoticed, those who were long beforehand marked out for this condemnation, ungodly persons who turn the grace of our God into licentiousness and deny our only Master and Lord, Jesus Christ.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For certain men have crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For certain men have got in unnoticed, they who of old were marked out beforehand to this sentence, ungodly [persons], turning the grace of our God into dissoluteness, and denying our only Master and Lord Jesus Christ.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For there have crept in unobserved certain men, who, from of old, have been publicly notified for this sentence, ungodly, men, the favour of our God, turning into wantonness, and, our only Master and Lord, Jesus Christ, denying.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for there did come in unobserved certain men, long ago having been written beforehand to this judgment, impious, the grace of our God perverting to lasciviousness, and our only Master, God, and Lord—Jesus Christ—denying,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For certain men are secretly entered in (who were written of long ago unto this judgment), ungodly men, turning the grace of our Lord God into riotousness and denying the only sovereign Ruler and our Lord Jesus Christ.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For there are certaine men crept in vnawares, who were before of olde ordained to this condemnation, vngodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciuiousnesse, and denying the onely Lord God, & our Lord Iesus Christ.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For certain men have obtained entrance, who from the beginning were proscribed in this condemnation; depraved men, who the grace of Aloha turn unto lasciviousness, and him who is the only Lord God, our Lord Jeshu Meshiha, deny.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For some have obtained entrance, who from the beginning were registered beforehand under this condemnation: wicked men, who pervert the grace of God to impurity, and deny him who is the only Lord God and our Lord, Jesus the Messiah.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
there are certain 5100
{5100} Prime
τὶς
tis
{tis}
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
men 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
crept in unawares, 3921
{3921} Prime
παρεισδύ[ν]ω
pareisduno
{par-ice-doo'-no}
From G3844 and a compound of G1519 and G1416; to settle in alongside, that is, lodge stealthily.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
who y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
were before y4270
[4270] Standard
προγράφω
prographo
{prog-raf'-o}
From G4253 and G1125; to write previously; figuratively to announce, prescribe.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
of old y3819
[3819] Standard
πάλαι
palai
{pal'-ahee}
Probably another form for G3825 (through the idea of retrocession); (adverbially) formerly, or (relatively) sometime since; (elliptically as adjective) ancient.
ordained 4270
{4270} Prime
προγράφω
prographo
{prog-raf'-o}
From G4253 and G1125; to write previously; figuratively to announce, prescribe.
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
x3819
(3819) Complement
πάλαι
palai
{pal'-ahee}
Probably another form for G3825 (through the idea of retrocession); (adverbially) formerly, or (relatively) sometime since; (elliptically as adjective) ancient.
to 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
this 5124
{5124} Prime
τοῦτο
touto
{too'-to}
Neuter, singular, nomitive or accusative of G3778; that thing.
condemnation, 2917
{2917} Prime
κρίμα
krima
{kree'-mah}
From G2919; a decision (the function or the effect, for or against ['crime']).
ungodly men, 765
{0765} Prime
ἀσεβής
asebes
{as-eb-ace'}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and a presumed derivative of G4576; irreverent, that is, (by extension) impious or wicked.
turning 3346
{3346} Prime
μετατίθημι
metatithemi
{met-at-ith'-ay-mee}
From G3326 and G5087; to transfer, that is, (literally) transport, (by implication) exchange, (reflexively) change sides, or (figuratively) pervert.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
grace 5485
{5485} Prime
χάρις
charis
{khar'-ece}
From G5463; graciousness (as gratifying), of manner or act (abstract or concrete; literal, figurative or spiritual; especially the divine influence upon the heart, and its reflection in the life; including gratitude).
of our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
lasciviousness, 766
{0766} Prime
ἀσέλγεια
aselgeia
{as-elg'-i-a}
From a compound of G0001 (as a negative particle) and a presumed σελγής [[selges]] (of uncertain derivation, but apparently meaning continent); licentiousness (sometimes including other vices).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
denying 720
{0720} Prime
ἀρνέομαι
arneomai
{ar-neh'-om-ahee}
Perhaps from G0001 (as a negative particle) and the middle of G4483; to contradict, that is, disavow, reject, abnegate.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
only 3441
{3441} Prime
μόνος
monos
{mon'-os}
Probably from G3306; remaining, that is, sole or single; by implication mere.
Lord 1203
{1203} Prime
δεσπότης
despotes
{des-pot'-ace}
Perhaps from G1210 and πόσις [[posis]] (a husband); an absolute ruler ('despot').
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
Lord 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
Christ. 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jude 1:4

_ _ certain men — implying disparagement.

_ _ crept in unawares — stealthily and unlawfully. See on 2 Peter 2:1, “privily shall bring in damnable heresies.”

_ _ before ... ordainedGreek, “forewritten,” namely, in Peter’s prophecy Jude 1:17, Jude 1:18; and in Paul’s before that, 1 Timothy 4:1; 2 Timothy 3:1; and by implication in the judgments which overtook the apostate angels. The disobedient Israelites, Sodom and Gomorrah, Balaam and Core, and which are written “for an example” (Jude 1:7, and Jude 1:5, Jude 1:6, Jude 1:11). God’s eternal character as the Punisher of sin, as set forth in Scripture “of old,” is the ground on which such apostate characters are ordained to condemnation. Scripture is the reflection of God’s book of life in which believers are “written among the living.” “Forewritten” is applied also in Romans 15:4 to the things written in Scripture. Scripture itself reflects God’s character from everlasting, which is the ground of His decrees from everlasting. Bengel explains it as an abbreviated phrase for, “They were of old foretold by Enoch (Jude 1:14, who did not write his prophecies), and afterwards marked out by the written word.”

_ _ to this condemnation — Jude graphically puts their judgment as it were present before the eyes, “THIS.” Enoch’s prophecy comprises the “ungodly men” of the last days before Christ’s coming to judgment, as well as their forerunners, the “ungodly men” before the flood, the type of the last judgment (Matthew 24:37-39; 2 Peter 3:3-7). The disposition and the doom of both correspond.

_ _ the grace of our God — A phrase for the Gospel especially sweet to believers who appropriate God in Christ as “our God,” and so rendering the more odious the vile perversity of those who turn the Gospel state of grace and liberty into a ground of licentiousness, as if their exemption from the law gave them a license to sin.

_ _ denying the only Lord — The oldest manuscripts, versions, and Fathers omit “God,” which follows in English Version. Translate as the Greek, “the only Master”; here used of Jesus Christ, who is at once Master and “Lord” (a different Greek word). See on 2 Peter 2:1. By virtue of Christ’s perfect oneness with the Father, He, as well as the Father, is termed “the ONLY” God and “MASTER.” Greek, “Master,” implies God’s absolute ownership to dispose of His creatures as He likes.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jude 1:3-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jude 1:4

There are certain men crept in, who were of old described before — Even as early as Enoch; of whom it was foretold, that by their wilful sins they would incur this condemnation. Turning the grace of God — Revealed in the gospel. Into lasciviousness — Into an occasion of more abandoned wickedness.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jude 1:4

(2) For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, (3) ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.

(2) It is by God's providence and not by chance, that many wicked men creep into the Church. (3) He condemns this first in them, that they take opportunity or occasion to wax wanton, by the grace of God: which cannot be, but the chief empire of Christ must be cancelled, in that such men give themselves up to Satan, whom they call Libertines.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
crept:

Matthew 13:25 But while men slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat, and went his way.
Acts 15:24 Forasmuch as we have heard, that certain which went out from us have troubled you with words, subverting your souls, saying, [Ye must] be circumcised, and keep the law: to whom we gave no [such] commandment:
Galatians 2:4 And that because of false brethren unawares brought in, who came in privily to spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us into bondage:
Ephesians 4:14 That we [henceforth] be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, [and] cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;
2 Timothy 3:6 For of this sort are they which creep into houses, and lead captive silly women laden with sins, led away with divers lusts,
2 Peter 2:1-2 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. ... And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of.

who:

Romans 9:21-22 Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour? ... [What] if God, willing to shew [his] wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction:
1 Peter 2:8 And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, [even to them] which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.
2 Peter 2:3 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.

ungodly:

Jude 1:15 To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard [speeches] which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.
2 Samuel 22:5 When the waves of death compassed me, the floods of ungodly men made me afraid;
Psalms 1:1 Blessed [is] the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful.
1 Peter 4:18 And if the righteous scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?
2 Peter 2:5-6 And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth [person], a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly; ... And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned [them] with an overthrow, making [them] an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly;
2 Peter 3:7 But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men.

turning:

Romans 6:1-2 What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound? ... God forbid. How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein?
Galatians 5:13 For, brethren, ye have been called unto liberty; only [use] not liberty for an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve one another.
Titus 2:11-12 For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men, ... Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world;
Hebrews 12:15-16 Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble [you], and thereby many be defiled; ... Lest there [be] any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright.
1 Peter 2:16 As free, and not using [your] liberty for a cloke of maliciousness, but as the servants of God.
2 Peter 2:10 But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous [are they], selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities.
2 Peter 2:18-22 For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error. ... But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog [is] turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.

denying:

Titus 1:15-16 Unto the pure all things [are] pure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving [is] nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled. ... They profess that they know God; but in works they deny [him], being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work reprobate.
2 Peter 2:1 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction.
1 John 2:22 Who is a liar but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist, that denieth the Father and the Son.

only:

Psalms 62:2 He only [is] my rock and my salvation; [he is] my defence; I shall not be greatly moved.
John 17:3 And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.
1 Timothy 6:15-16 Which in his times he shall shew, [who is] the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings, and Lord of lords; ... Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom [be] honour and power everlasting. Amen.
Revelation 15:4 Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for [thou] only [art] holy: for all nations shall come and worship before thee; for thy judgments are made manifest.
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2S 22:5. Ps 1:1; 62:2. Mt 13:25. Jn 17:3. Ac 15:24. Ro 6:1; 9:21. Ga 2:4; 5:13. Ep 4:14. 1Ti 6:15. 2Ti 3:6. Tit 1:15; 2:11. He 12:15. 1P 2:8, 16; 4:18. 2P 2:1, 3, 5, 10, 18; 3:7. 1Jn 2:22. Jde 1:15. Rv 15:4.

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