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Jude 1:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and some save, snatching them out of the fire; and on some have mercy with fear; hating even the garment spotted by the flesh.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And others save with fear, pulling [them] out of the fire; hating even the garment spotted by the flesh.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— save others, snatching them out of the fire; and on some have mercy with fear, hating even the garment polluted by the flesh.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And others save with fear, pulling [them] out of the fire; hating even the garment spotted by the flesh.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— but others save with fear, snatching [them] out of the fire; hating even the garment spotted by the flesh.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, on others, have mercy with fear, hating even, the garment, spotted by the flesh.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and some in fear save ye, out of the fire snatching, hating even the coat from the flesh spotted.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But others save, pulling them out of the fire. And on others have mercy, in fear, hating also the spotted garment which is carnal.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And others saue with feare, pulling them out of the fire: hating euen the garment spotted by the flesh.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But when they repent, have compassion on them, with fear, hating even the tunic which by the flesh is contaminated.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And when they repent, have compassion on them, with fear, hating even the tunic that is defiled by the flesh.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
others 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
save 4982
{4982} Prime
σῴζω
sozo
{sode'-zo}
From a primary word σῶς [[sos]] (contraction for the obsolete σάος [[saos]], 'safe'); to save, that is, deliver or protect (literally or figuratively).
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
with 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
fear, 5401
{5401} Prime
φόβος
phobos
{fob'-os}
From a primary φέβομαι [[phebomai]] (to be put in fear); alarm or fright.
pulling 726
{0726} Prime
ἁρπάζω
harpazo
{har-pad'-zo}
From a derivative of G0138; to seize (in various applications).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
[them] out of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
fire; 4442
{4442} Prime
πῦρ
pur
{poor}
A primary word; 'fire' (literally or figuratively, specifically lightning).
hating 3404
{3404} Prime
μισέω
miseo
{mis-eh'-o}
From a primary word μῖσος [[misos]] (hatred); to detest (especially to persecute); by extension to love less.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
even 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
garment 5509
{5509} Prime
χιτών
chiton
{khee-tone'}
Of foreign origin [H3801]; a tunic or shirt.
spotted y4695
[4695] Standard
σπιλόω
spiloo
{spee-lo'-o}
From G4696; to stain or soil (literally or figuratively).
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
x4696
(4696) Complement
σπίλος
spilos
{spee'-los}
Of uncertain derivation; a stain or blemish, that is, (figuratively) defect, disgrace.
by 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
flesh. 4561
{4561} Prime
σάρξ
sarx
{sarx}
Probably from the base of G4563; flesh (as stripped of the skin), that is, (strictly) the meat of an animal (as food), or (by extension) the body (as opposed to the soul (or spirit), or as the symbol of what is external, or as the means of kindred, or (by implication) human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specifically) a human being (as such).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Jude 1:22-23.


Jude 1:23

_ _ save with fear — The oldest manuscripts do not read “with fear” in this position: but after “snatching them out of the fire” (with which, compare Amos 4:11; 1 Corinthians 3:15; Zechariah 3:2, said of a most narrow escape), they add the following words, forming a THIRD class, “and others compassionate with (IN) fear.” Three kinds of patients require three kinds of medical treatment. Ministers and Christians are said to “save” those whom they are made the instruments of saving; the Greek for “save” is present, therefore meaning “try to save.” Jude already (Jude 1:9) had reference to the same passage (Zechariah 3:1-3). The three classes are: (1) those who contend with you (accusative case in oldest manuscripts), whom you should convict; (2) those who are as brands already in the fire, of which hell-fire is the consummation: these you should try to save by snatching them out; (3) those who are objects of compassion, whom accordingly you should compassionate (and help if occasion should offer), but at the same time not let pity degenerate into connivance at their error. Your compassion is to be accompanied “with fear” of being at all defiled by them.

_ _ hating — Even hatred has its legitimate field of exercise. Sin is the only thing which God hates: so ought we.

_ _ even the garment — a proverbial phrase: avoiding the most remote contact with sin, and hating that which borders on it. As garments of the apostles wrought miracles of good in healing, so the very garment of sinners metaphorically, that is, anything brought into contact with their pollution, is to be avoided. Compare as to lepers and other persons defiled, Leviticus 13:52-57; Leviticus 15:4-17 : the garments were held polluted; and anyone touching them was excluded, until purified, from religious and civil communion with the sanctified people of Israel. Christians who received at baptism the white garment in token of purity, are not to defile it by any approach to what is defiled.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jude 1:16-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jude 1:23

And others save with (p) fear, pulling [them] out of the fire; hating even the (q) garment spotted by the flesh.

(p) By fearing them and holding them back with godly severity.

(q) An amplification, taken from the forbidden things of the law which did defile.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
save:

Romans 11:14 If by any means I may provoke to emulation [them which are] my flesh, and might save some of them.
1 Corinthians 5:3-5 For I verily, as absent in body, but present in spirit, have judged already, as though I were present, [concerning] him that hath so done this deed, ... To deliver such an one unto Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.
2 Corinthians 7:10-12 For godly sorrow worketh repentance to salvation not to be repented of: but the sorrow of the world worketh death. ... Wherefore, though I wrote unto you, [I did it] not for his cause that had done the wrong, nor for his cause that suffered wrong, but that our care for you in the sight of God might appear unto you.
1 Timothy 4:16 Take heed unto thyself, and unto the doctrine; continue in them: for in doing this thou shalt both save thyself, and them that hear thee.

pulling:

Amos 4:11 I have overthrown [some] of you, as God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, and ye were as a firebrand plucked out of the burning: yet have ye not returned unto me, saith the LORD.
Zechariah 3:2 And the LORD said unto Satan, The LORD rebuke thee, O Satan; even the LORD that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee: [is] not this a brand plucked out of the fire?
1 Corinthians 3:15 If any man's work shall be burned, he shall suffer loss: but he himself shall be saved; yet so as by fire.

hating:

Leviticus 13:47-59 The garment also that the plague of leprosy is in, [whether it be] a woollen garment, or a linen garment; ... This [is] the law of the plague of leprosy in a garment of woollen or linen, either in the warp, or woof, or any thing of skins, to pronounce it clean, or to pronounce it unclean.
Leviticus 14:47 And he that lieth in the house shall wash his clothes; and he that eateth in the house shall wash his clothes.
Leviticus 15:17 And every garment, and every skin, whereon is the seed of copulation, shall be washed with water, and be unclean until the even.
Isaiah 64:6 But we are all as an unclean [thing], and all our righteousnesses [are] as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.
Lamentations 4:14 They have wandered [as] blind [men] in the streets, they have polluted themselves with blood, so that men could not touch their garments.
Zechariah 3:3-5 Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and stood before the angel. ... And I said, Let them set a fair mitre upon his head. So they set a fair mitre upon his head, and clothed him with garments. And the angel of the LORD stood by.
1 Corinthians 5:9-11 I wrote unto you in an epistle not to company with fornicators: ... But now I have written unto you not to keep company, if any man that is called a brother be a fornicator, or covetous, or an idolater, or a railer, or a drunkard, or an extortioner; with such an one no not to eat.
1 Corinthians 15:33 Be not deceived: evil communications corrupt good manners.
2 Thessalonians 3:14 And if any man obey not our word by this epistle, note that man, and have no company with him, that he may be ashamed.
Revelation 3:4 Thou hast a few names even in Sardis which have not defiled their garments; and they shall walk with me in white: for they are worthy.
Revelation 3:18 I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and [that] the shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 13:47; 14:47; 15:17. Is 64:6. Lm 4:14. Am 4:11. Zc 3:2, 3. Ro 11:14. 1Co 3:15; 5:3, 9; 15:33. 2Co 7:10. 2Th 3:14. 1Ti 4:16. Rv 3:4, 18.

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