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Jude 1:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wild waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, for whom the blackness of darkness hath been reserved forever.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— wild waves of the sea, casting up their own shame like foam; wandering stars, for whom the black darkness has been reserved forever.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shames; wandering stars, to whom has been reserved the gloom of darkness for eternity.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Wild waves of sea, foaming out their own infamies, wandering stars, for whom the gloom of darkness age-abiding hath been reserved.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— wild waves of a sea, foaming out their own shames; stars going astray, to whom the gloom of the darkness to the age hath been kept.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own confusion: wandering stars, to whom the storm of darkness is reserved for ever.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Raging waues of the sea, foming out their owne shame, wandring stars, to whom is reserued the blacknesse of darkenesse for euer.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— turbulent waves of the sea, which, by their foaming, manifest their shame; erring stars, unto whom the blackness of darkness that is eternal is reserved.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— raging waves of the sea, which, by their foam, manifest their confusion; shootingstars, for which is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Raging 66
{0066} Prime
ἄγριος
agrios
{ag'-ree-os}
From G0068; wild (as pertaining to the country), literally (natural) or figuratively (fierce).
waves 2949
{2949} Prime
κῦμα
kuma
{koo'-mah}
From κύω [[kuo]] (to swell [with young], that is, bend, curve); a billow (as bursting or toppling).
of the sea, 2281
{2281} Prime
θάλασσα
thalassa
{thal'-as-sah}
Probably prolonged from G0251; the sea (generally or specifically).
foaming out 1890
{1890} Prime
ἐπαφρίζω
epaphrizo
{ep-af-rid'-zo}
From G1909 and G0875; to foam upon, that is, (figuratively) to exhibit (a vile passion).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
their own 1438
{1438} Prime
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
shame; 152
{0152} Prime
αἰσχύνη
aischune
{ahee-skhoo'-nay}
From G0153; shame or disgrace (abstractly or concretely).
wandering 4107
{4107} Prime
πλανήτης
planetes
{plan-ay'-tace}
From G4108; a rover ('planet'), that is, (figuratively) an erratic teacher.
stars, 792
{0792} Prime
ἀστήρ
aster
{as-tare'}
Probably from the base of G4766; a star (as strown over the sky), literally or figuratively.
to whom 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
is reserved 5083
{5083} Prime
τηρέω
tereo
{tay-reh'-o}
From τηρός [[teros]] (a watch; perhaps akin to G2334); to guard (from loss or injury, properly by keeping the eye upon; and thus differing from G5442, which is properly to prevent escaping; and from G2892, which implies a fortress or full military lines of apparatus), that is, to note (a prophecy; figuratively to fulfil a command); by implication to detain (in custody; figuratively to maintain); by extension to withhold (for personal ends; figuratively to keep unmarried).
z5769
<5769> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 215
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
blackness 2217
{2217} Prime
ζόφος
zophos
{dzof'-os}
Akin to the base of G3509; gloom (as shrouding like a cloud).
of darkness 4655
{4655} Prime
σκότος
skotos
{skot'-os}
From the base of G4639; shadiness, that is, obscurity (literally or figuratively).
for y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
ever. 165
{0165} Prime
αἰών
aion
{ahee-ohn'}
From the same as G0104; properly an age; by extension perpetuity (also past); by implication the world; specifically (Jewish) a Messianic period (present or future).
x1519
(1519) Complement
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jude 1:13

_ _ Raging — wild. Jude has in mind Isaiah 57:20.

_ _ shame — plural in Greek, “shames” (compare Philippians 3:19).

_ _ wandering stars — instead of moving on in a regular orbit, as lights to the world, bursting forth on the world like erratic comets, or rather, meteors of fire, with a strange glare, and then doomed to fall back again into the blackness of gloom.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jude 1:8-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jude 1:13

Wandering stars — Literally, planets, which shine for a time, but have no light in themselves, and will be soon cast into utter darkness. Thus the apostle illustrates their desperate wickedness by comparisons drawn from the air, earth, sea, and heavens.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jude 1:13

Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the (n) blackness of darkness for ever.

(n) Most gross darkness.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Raging:

Psalms 65:7 Which stilleth the noise of the seas, the noise of their waves, and the tumult of the people.
Psalms 93:3-4 The floods have lifted up, O LORD, the floods have lifted up their voice; the floods lift up their waves. ... The LORD on high [is] mightier than the noise of many waters, [yea, than] the mighty waves of the sea.
Isaiah 57:20 But the wicked [are] like the troubled sea, when it cannot rest, whose waters cast up mire and dirt.
Jeremiah 5:22-23 Fear ye not me? saith the LORD: will ye not tremble at my presence, which have placed the sand [for] the bound of the sea by a perpetual decree, that it cannot pass it: and though the waves thereof toss themselves, yet can they not prevail; though they roar, yet can they not pass over it? ... But this people hath a revolting and a rebellious heart; they are revolted and gone.

foaming:

Philippians 3:19 Whose end [is] destruction, whose God [is their] belly, and [whose] glory [is] in their shame, who mind earthly things.)
2 Timothy 3:13 But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived.

wandering:

Revelation 8:10-11 And the third angel sounded, and there fell a great star from heaven, burning as it were a lamp, and it fell upon the third part of the rivers, and upon the fountains of waters; ... And the name of the star is called Wormwood: and the third part of the waters became wormwood; and many men died of the waters, because they were made bitter.

to whom:

2 Peter 2:17 These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever.
Revelation 14:10-11 The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb: ... And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.
Revelation 20:10 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet [are], and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.
Revelation 21:8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 65:7; 93:3. Is 57:20. Jr 5:22. Php 3:19. 2Ti 3:13. 2P 2:17. Rv 8:10; 14:10; 20:10; 21:8.

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