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Jude 1:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— These are they who are hidden rocks in your love-feasts when they feast with you, shepherds that without fear feed themselves; clouds without water, carried along by winds; autumn leaves without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear: clouds [they are] without water, carried about of winds; trees whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— These are the men who are hidden reefs in your love feasts when they feast with you without fear, caring for themselves; clouds without water, carried along by winds; autumn trees without fruit, doubly dead, uprooted;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear: clouds [they are] without water, carried about by winds; withered autumnal trees, without fruit, twice dead, plucked out by the roots;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— These are spots in your love-feasts, feasting together [with you] without fear, pasturing themselves; clouds without water, carried along by [the] winds; autumnal trees, without fruit, twice dead, rooted up;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— These are they—who, in your love-feasts, are hidden rocks, as they fare sumptuously together, fearlessly, themselves, shepherding,—clouds without water, by winds swept along, trees autumnal, fruitless, twice dead, uprooted,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— These are in your love-feasts craggy rocks; feasting together with you, without fear shepherding themselves; clouds without water, by winds carried about; trees autumnal, without fruit, twice dead, rooted up;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— These are spots in their banquets, feasting together without fear, feeding themselves: clouds without water, which are carried about by winds: trees of the autumn, unfruitful, twice dead, plucked up by the roots:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— These are spottes in your feasts of charitie, when they feast with you, feeding themselues without feare: cloudes they are without water, caried about of winds, trees whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twise dead, plucked vp by the rootes.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— These are they who, in their recreations contaminating, behave wantonly, feeding themselves without reverence; clouds without rain, roaming with the winds; trees whose fruit withereth, and which are unfruitful, twice dead, and uplifted from their root;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— These are they who, in their feastings, riot while polluting themselves, feeding themselves without fear; clouds without rain, moved about by the winds; trees whose fruit hath failed, and they are without fruit, twice dead, and uplifted from their root;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
These 3778
{3778} Prime
οὗτος
houtos
{hoo'-tos}
Including the nominative masculine plural (second form), nominative feminine signular (third form), and the nominate feminine plural, (fourth form). From the article G3588 and G0846; the he (she or it), that is, this or that (often with the article repeated).
are 1526
{1526} Prime
εἰσί
eisi
{i-see'}
Third person plural present indicative of G1510; they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
spots 4694
{4694} Prime
σπιλάς
spilas
{spee-las'}
Of uncertain derivation; a ledge or reef of rock in the sea.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
feasts of charity, 26
{0026} Prime
ἀγάπη
agape
{ag-ah'-pay}
From G0025; love, that is, affection or benevolence; specifically (plural) a love feast.
when they feast y4910
[4910] Standard
συνευωχέω
suneuocheo
{soon-yoo-o-kheh'-o}
From G4862 and a derivative of a presumed compound of G2095 and a derivative of G2192 (meaning to be in good condition, that is, [by implication] to fare well, or feast); to entertain sumptuously in company with, that is, (middle or passive voice) to revel together.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
with x4910
(4910) Complement
συνευωχέω
suneuocheo
{soon-yoo-o-kheh'-o}
From G4862 and a derivative of a presumed compound of G2095 and a derivative of G2192 (meaning to be in good condition, that is, [by implication] to fare well, or feast); to entertain sumptuously in company with, that is, (middle or passive voice) to revel together.
you, 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
feeding 4165
{4165} Prime
ποιμαίνω
poimaino
{poy-mah'-ee-no}
From G4166; to tend as a shepherd (or figuratively superviser).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
themselves 1438
{1438} Prime
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
without fear: 870
{0870} Prime
ἀφόβως
aphobos
{af-ob'-oce}
Adveb from a compound of G0001 (as a negative particle) and G5401; fearlessly.
clouds 3507
{3507} Prime
νεφέλη
nephele
{nef-el'-ay}
From G3509; properly cloudiness, that is, (concretely) a cloud.
[they are] without water, 504
{0504} Prime
ἄνυδρος
anudros
{an'-oo-dros}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G5204; waterless, that is, dry.
carried about 4064
{4064} Prime
περιφέρω
periphero
{per-ee-fer'-o}
From G4012 and G5342; to convey around, that is, transport hither and thither.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
of 5259
{5259} Prime
ὑπό
hupo
{hoop-o'}
A primary preposition; under, that is, (with the genitive) of place (beneath), or with verbs (the agency or means, through); (with the accusative) of place (whither [underneath] or where [below]) or time (when [at]).
winds; 417
{0417} Prime
ἄνεμος
anemos
{an'-em-os}
From the base of G0109; wind; (plural) by implication (the four) quarters (of the earth).
trees 1186
{1186} Prime
δένδρον
dendron
{den'-dron}
Probably from δρύς [[drus]] (an oak); a tree.
whose fruit withereth, 5352
{5352} Prime
φθινοπωρινός
phthinoporinos
{fthin-op-o-ree-nos'}
From a derivative of φθίνω [[phthino]] (to wane; akin to the base of G5351) and G3703 (meaning late autumn) autumnal (as stripped of leaves).
without fruit, 175
{0175} Prime
ἄκαρπος
akarpos
{ak'-ar-pos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G2590; barren (literally or figuratively).
twice 1364
{1364} Prime
δίς
dis
{dece}
Adverb from G1417; twice.
dead, 599
{0599} Prime
ἀποθνῄσκω
apothnesko
{ap-oth-nace'-ko}
From G0575 and G2348; to die off (literally or figuratively).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
plucked up by the roots; 1610
{1610} Prime
ἐκριζόω
ekrizoo
{ek-rid-zo'-o}
From G1537 and G4492; to uproot.
z5685
<5685> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 215
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jude 1:12

_ _ spots — So 2 Peter 2:13, Greek,spiloi”; but here the Greek is spilades, which elsewhere, in secular writers, means rocks, namely, on which the Christian love-feasts were in danger of being shipwrecked. The oldest manuscript prefixes the article emphatically, “THE rocks.” The reference to “clouds ... winds ... waves of the sea,” accords with this image of rocks. Vulgate seems to have been misled by the similar sounding word to translate, as English Version, “spots”; compare however, Jude 1:23, which favors English Version, if the Greek will bear it. Two oldest manuscripts, by the transcriber’s effort to make Jude say the same as Peter, read here “deceivings” for “love-feasts,” but the weightiest manuscript and authorities support English Version reading. The love-feast accompanied the Lord’s Supper (1 Corinthians 11:17-34, end). Korah the Levite, not satisfied with his ministry, aspired to the sacrificing priesthood also: so ministers in the Lord’s Supper have sought to make it a sacrifice, and themselves the sacrificing priests, usurping the function of our only Christian sacerdotal Priest, Christ Jesus. Let them beware of Korah’s doom!

_ _ feeding themselvesGreek, “pasturing (tending) themselves.” What they look to is the pampering of themselves, not the feeding of the flock.

_ _ without fear — Join these words not as English Version, but with “feast.” Sacred feasts especially ought to be celebrated with fear. Feasting is not faulty in itself [Bengel], but it needs to be accompanied with fear of forgetting God, as Job in the case of his sons’ feasts.

_ _ clouds — from which one would expect refreshing rains. 2 Peter 2:17, “wells without water.” Professors without practice.

_ _ carried about — The oldest manuscripts have “carried aside,” that is, out of the right course (compare Ephesians 4:14).

_ _ trees whose fruit withereth — rather, “trees of the late (or waning) autumn,” namely, when there are no longer leaves or fruits on the trees [Bengel].

_ _ without fruit — having no good fruit of knowledge and practice; sometimes used of what is positively bad.

_ _ twice dead — First when they cast their leaves in autumn, and seem during winter dead, but revive again in spring; secondly, when they are “plucked up by the roots.” So these apostates, once dead in unbelief, and then by profession and baptism raised from the death of sin to the life of righteousness, but now having become dead again by apostasy, and so hopelessly dead. There is a climax. Not only without leaves, like trees in late autumn, but without fruit: not only so, but dead twice; and to crown all, “plucked up by the roots.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jude 1:8-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jude 1:12

These are spots — Blemishes. In your feasts of love — Anciently observed in all the churches. Feeding themselves without fear — Without any fear of God, or jealousy over themselves. Twice dead — In sin, first by nature, and afterwards by apostasy. Plucked up by the roots — And so incapable of ever reviving.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jude 1:12

(10) These are spots in your (l) feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding themselves without (m) fear: clouds [they are] without water, carried about of winds; trees whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots;

(10) He rebukes most sharply with many other notes and marks, both their dishonesty or filthiness, and their sauciness, but especially, their vain bravery of words and vain pride, joining with it a grave and heavy threatening from an ancient prophecy of Enoch concerning the judgment to come.

(l) The feasts of charity were certain banquets, which the brethren who were members of the Church kept altogether, as Tertullian sets them forth in his apology, chap. 39.

(m) Impudently, without all reverence either to God or man.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
are spots:

2 Peter 2:13-14 And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, [as] they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time. Spots [they are] and blemishes, sporting themselves with their own deceivings while they feast with you; ... Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children:

feasts:

1 Corinthians 11:21-22 For in eating every one taketh before [other] his own supper: and one is hungry, and another is drunken. ... What? have ye not houses to eat and to drink in? or despise ye the church of God, and shame them that have not? What shall I say to you? shall I praise you in this? I praise [you] not.

feeding:

Psalms 78:29-31 So they did eat, and were well filled: for he gave them their own desire; ... The wrath of God came upon them, and slew the fattest of them, and smote down the chosen [men] of Israel.
Isaiah 56:10-12 His watchmen [are] blind: they are all ignorant, they [are] all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber. ... Come ye, [say they], I will fetch wine, and we will fill ourselves with strong drink; and to morrow shall be as this day, [and] much more abundant.
Ezekiel 34:8 [As] I live, saith the Lord GOD, surely because my flock became a prey, and my flock became meat to every beast of the field, because [there was] no shepherd, neither did my shepherds search for my flock, but the shepherds fed themselves, and fed not my flock;
Ezekiel 34:18 [Seemeth it] a small thing unto you to have eaten up the good pasture, but ye must tread down with your feet the residue of your pastures? and to have drunk of the deep waters, but ye must foul the residue with your feet?
Luke 12:19-20 And I will say to my soul, Soul, thou hast much goods laid up for many years; take thine ease, eat, drink, [and] be merry. ... But God said unto him, [Thou] fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided?
Luke 12:45 But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming; and shall begin to beat the menservants and maidens, and to eat and drink, and to be drunken;
Luke 16:19 There was a certain rich man, which was clothed in purple and fine linen, and fared sumptuously every day:
Luke 21:34 And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and [so] that day come upon you unawares.
Philippians 3:19 Whose end [is] destruction, whose God [is their] belly, and [whose] glory [is] in their shame, who mind earthly things.)
1 Thessalonians 5:6-7 Therefore let us not sleep, as [do] others; but let us watch and be sober. ... For they that sleep sleep in the night; and they that be drunken are drunken in the night.
James 5:5 Ye have lived in pleasure on the earth, and been wanton; ye have nourished your hearts, as in a day of slaughter.

clouds:

Proverbs 25:14 Whoso boasteth himself of a false gift [is like] clouds and wind without rain.
Hosea 6:4 O Ephraim, what shall I do unto thee? O Judah, what shall I do unto thee? for your goodness [is] as a morning cloud, and as the early dew it goeth away.
2 Peter 2:17 These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever.

carried:

Ephesians 4:14 That we [henceforth] be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, [and] cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;

trees:

Psalms 1:3 And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that bringeth forth his fruit in his season; his leaf also shall not wither; and whatsoever he doeth shall prosper.
Psalms 37:2 For they shall soon be cut down like the grass, and wither as the green herb.
Matthew 13:6 And when the sun was up, they were scorched; and because they had no root, they withered away.
Matthew 21:19-20 And when he saw a fig tree in the way, he came to it, and found nothing thereon, but leaves only, and said unto it, Let no fruit grow on thee henceforward for ever. And presently the fig tree withered away. ... And when the disciples saw [it], they marvelled, saying, How soon is the fig tree withered away!
Mark 4:6 But when the sun was up, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away.
Mark 11:21 And Peter calling to remembrance saith unto him, Master, behold, the fig tree which thou cursedst is withered away.
Luke 8:6 And some fell upon a rock; and as soon as it was sprung up, it withered away, because it lacked moisture.
John 15:4-6 Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine; no more can ye, except ye abide in me. ... If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast [them] into the fire, and they are burned.

twice:

1 Timothy 5:6 But she that liveth in pleasure is dead while she liveth.
Hebrews 6:4-8 For [it is] impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost, ... But that which beareth thorns and briers [is] rejected, and [is] nigh unto cursing; whose end [is] to be burned.
2 Peter 2:18-20 For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error. ... For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning.

plucked:

2 Chronicles 7:20 Then will I pluck them up by the roots out of my land which I have given them; and this house, which I have sanctified for my name, will I cast out of my sight, and will make it [to be] a proverb and a byword among all nations.
Ezekiel 17:9 Say thou, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Shall it prosper? shall he not pull up the roots thereof, and cut off the fruit thereof, that it wither? it shall wither in all the leaves of her spring, even without great power or many people to pluck it up by the roots thereof.
Matthew 15:13 But he answered and said, Every plant, which my heavenly Father hath not planted, shall be rooted up.
Mark 11:20 And in the morning, as they passed by, they saw the fig tree dried up from the roots.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2Ch 7:20. Ps 1:3; 37:2; 78:29. Pv 25:14. Is 56:10. Ezk 17:9; 34:8, 18. Ho 6:4. Mt 13:6; 15:13; 21:19. Mk 4:6; 11:20, 21. Lk 8:6; 12:19, 45; 16:19; 21:34. Jn 15:4. 1Co 11:21. Ep 4:14. Php 3:19. 1Th 5:6. 1Ti 5:6. He 6:4. Jm 5:5. 2P 2:13, 17, 18.

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