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Joshua 9:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the men of Israel said unto the Hivites, Peradventure ye dwell among us; and how shall we make a covenant with you?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the men of Israel said unto the Hivites, Peradventure ye dwell among us; and how shall we make a league with you?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The men of Israel said to the Hivites, “Perhaps you are living within our land; how then shall we make a covenant with you?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the men of Israel said to the Hivites, It may be ye dwell among us; and how shall we make a league with you?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the men of Israel said to the Hivite, Perhaps thou dwellest in the midst of us, and how should I make a covenant with thee?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And the men of Israel said unto the Hivites,—Peradventure, in our midst, ye are dwelling, how then can we solemnise with you a covenant?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the men of Israel say unto the Hivite, 'It may be in our midst ye are dwelling, and how do we make with thee a covenant?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Perhaps you dwell in the land which falls to our lot; if so, we can make no league with you.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the men of Israel said vnto the Hiuites, Peraduenture yee dwell among vs, and how shall wee make a league with you.?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the children of Israel said to the Horite{gr.Chorrhaean}, Peradventure thou dwellest amongst us; and how should I make a covenant with thee?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the men of Yisrael said unto the Chiwwim, Peradventure ye dwell among us; and how shall we make a league with you?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the men 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
said 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the iwwm חִוִּים, 2340
{2340} Prime
חִוִּי
Chivviy
{khiv-vee'}
Perhaps from H2333; a villager; a Chivvite, one of the aboriginal tribes of Palestine.
Peradventure 194
{0194} Prime
אוּלַי
'uwlay
{oo-lah'ee}
From H0176; if not; hence perhaps.
ye x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
dwell 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
among 7130
{7130} Prime
קֶרֶב
qereb
{keh'-reb}
From H7126; properly the nearest part, that is, the centre, whether literally, figuratively or adverbially (especially with preposition).
us; and how x349
(0349) Complement
אֵיךְ
'eyk
{ake}
Prolonged from H0335; how? or how!; also where.
shall we make 3772
{3772} Prime
כָּרַת
karath
{kaw-rath'}
A primitive root; to cut (off, down or asunder); by implication to destroy or consume; specifically to covenant (that is, make an alliance or bargain, originally by cutting flesh and passing between the pieces).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
a league 1285
{1285} Prime
בְּרִית
b@riyth
{ber-eeth'}
From H1262 (in the sense of cutting (like H1254)); a compact (because made by passing between pieces of flesh).
with you?
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Joshua 9:3-15.


Joshua 9:6-14

_ _ they went to Joshua unto the camp at Gilgal — Arrived at the Israelitish headquarters, the strangers obtained an interview with Joshua and the elders, to whom they opened their business.


Joshua 9:7

_ _ the men of Israel said unto the Hivites, Peradventure ye dwell among us — The answer of the Israelites implied that they had no discretion, that their orders were imperative, and that if the strangers belonged to any of the native tribes, the idea of an alliance with them was unlawful since God had forbidden it (Exodus 23:32; Exodus 34:12; Deuteronomy 7:2).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Joshua 9:3-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Joshua 9:7

The Hivites — That is, the Gibeonites who were Hivites, Joshua 11:19. Among us — That is, in this land, and so are of that people with whom we are forbidden to make any league or covenant.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Joshua 9:7

And the men of Israel said unto the (d) Hivites, Peradventure ye dwell among us; and how shall we make a league with you?

(d) For the Gibeonites and the Hivites were all one people.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Hivites:

Joshua 11:19 There was not a city that made peace with the children of Israel, save the Hivites the inhabitants of Gibeon: all [other] they took in battle.
Genesis 10:17 And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite,
Genesis 34:2 And when Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country, saw her, he took her, and lay with her, and defiled her.
Exodus 3:8 And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey; unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites.

how shall:

Exodus 23:31-33 And I will set thy bounds from the Red sea even unto the sea of the Philistines, and from the desert unto the river: for I will deliver the inhabitants of the land into your hand; and thou shalt drive them out before thee. ... They shall not dwell in thy land, lest they make thee sin against me: for if thou serve their gods, it will surely be a snare unto thee.
Exodus 34:12 Take heed to thyself, lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land whither thou goest, lest it be for a snare in the midst of thee:
Numbers 33:52 Then ye shall drive out all the inhabitants of the land from before you, and destroy all their pictures, and destroy all their molten images, and quite pluck down all their high places:
Deuteronomy 7:2-3 And when the LORD thy God shall deliver them before thee; thou shalt smite them, [and] utterly destroy them; thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor shew mercy unto them: ... Neither shalt thou make marriages with them; thy daughter thou shalt not give unto his son, nor his daughter shalt thou take unto thy son.
Deuteronomy 20:16 But of the cities of these people, which the LORD thy God doth give thee [for] an inheritance, thou shalt save alive nothing that breatheth:
Judges 2:2 And ye shall make no league with the inhabitants of this land; ye shall throw down their altars: but ye have not obeyed my voice: why have ye done this?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 10:17; 34:2. Ex 3:8; 23:31; 34:12. Nu 33:52. Dt 7:2; 20:16. Jsh 11:19. Jg 2:2.

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