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Joshua 9:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— they also did work wilily, and went and made as if they had been ambassadors, and took old sacks upon their asses, and wine-skins, old and rent and bound up,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— They did work wilily, and went and made as if they had been ambassadors, and took old sacks upon their asses, and wine bottles, old, and rent, and bound up;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— they also acted craftily and set out as envoys, and took worn-out sacks on their donkeys, and wineskins worn-out and torn and mended,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— They did work craftily, and went and made as if they had been embassadors, and took old sacks upon their asses, and wine-bottles, old, and rent, and bound up;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— then they also acted with craft, and they went prepared as on a journey, and took old sacks upon their asses, and wine-flasks, old and rent and tied up;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— they, however, acted craftily, and went and started,—and took old sacks for their asses, and leathern wine bottles, old, and rent, and bound up;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and they work, even they, with subtilty, and go, and feign to be ambassadors, and take old sacks for their asses, and wine-bottles, old, and rent, and bound up,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Cunningly devising took for themselves provisions, laying old sacks upon their asses, and wine bottles rent and sewed up again,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They did worke wilily, and went and made as if they had beene embassadours, and tooke old sackes vpon their asses, and wine-bottels, old, and rent, and bound vp,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And they also wrought craftily, and they went and made provision and prepared themselves; and having taken old sacks on their shoulders, and old and rent and patched bottles of wine,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— They did work wilily, and went and made as if they had been ambassadors, and took old sacks upon their asses, and wine bottles, old, and rent, and bound up;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
They x1992
(1992) Complement
הֵם
hem
{haym}
Masculine plural from H1931; they (only used when emphatic).
did work 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
wilily, 6195
{6195} Prime
עָרְמָה
`ormah
{or-maw'}
Feminine of H6193; trickery; or (in a good sense) discretion.
and went y3212
[3212] Standard
יָלַך
yalak
{yaw-lak'}
A primitive root (compare H1980); to walk (literally or figuratively); causatively to carry (in various senses).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x1980
(1980) Complement
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
and made as if they had been ambassadors, 6737
{6737} Prime
ציר
tsayar
{tsaw-yar'}
A denominative from H6735 in the sense of ambassador; to make an errand, that is, betake oneself.
z8691
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
and took 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
old 1087
{1087} Prime
בָּלֶה
baleh
{baw-leh'}
From H1086; worn out.
sacks 8242
{8242} Prime
שַׂק
saq
{sak}
From H8264; properly a mesh (as allowing a liquid to run through), that is, coarse loose cloth or sacking (used in mourning and for bagging); hence a bag (for grain, etc.).
upon their asses, 2543
{2543} Prime
חֲמוֹר
chamowr
{kham-ore'}
From H2560; a male ass (from its dun red).
and wine 3196
{3196} Prime
יַיִן
yayin
{yah'-yin}
From an unused root meaning to effervesce; wine (as fermented); by implication intoxication.
bottles, 4997
{4997} Prime
נֹאד
no'd
{node}
From an unused root of uncertain signification; a (skin or leather) bag (for fluids).
old, 1087
{1087} Prime
בָּלֶה
baleh
{baw-leh'}
From H1086; worn out.
and rent, 1234
{1234} Prime
בּקע
baqa`
{baw-kah'}
A primitive root; to cleave; generally to rend, break, rip or open.
z8794
<8794> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 194
and bound up; 6887
{6887} Prime
צָרַר
tsarar
{tsaw-rar'}
A primitive root; to cramp, literally or figuratively, transitively or intransitively.
z8794
<8794> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 194
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Joshua 9:3-15.


Joshua 9:4

_ _ They did work wilily — They acted with dexterous policy, seeking the means of self-preservation, not by force, which they were convinced would be unavailing, but by artful diplomacy.

_ _ took old sacks upon their asses — Travelers in the East transport their luggage on beasts of burden; the poorer sort stow all their necessaries, food, clothes, utensils together, in a woolen or hair-cloth sack, laid across the shoulders of the beast they ride upon.

_ _ wine bottles, old, and rent, and bound up — Goat-skins, which are better adapted for carrying liquor of any kind fresh and good, than either earthenware, which is porous, or metallic vessels, which are soon heated by the sun. These skin bottles are liable to be rent when old and much used; and there are various ways of mending them — by inserting a new piece of leather, or by gathering together the edges of the rent and sewing them in the form of a purse, or by putting a round flat splinter of wood into the hole.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Joshua 9:3-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Joshua 9:4

Been ambassadors — Sent from a far country.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Joshua 9:4

They did work wilily, and went and made as if they had been ambassadors, and took old sacks upon their asses, and wine bottles, old, and rent, and (c) bound up;

(c) Because they were all worn.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
work wilily:

Genesis 34:13 And the sons of Jacob answered Shechem and Hamor his father deceitfully, and said, because he had defiled Dinah their sister:
1 Kings 20:31-33 And his servants said unto him, Behold now, we have heard that the kings of the house of Israel [are] merciful kings: let us, I pray thee, put sackcloth on our loins, and ropes upon our heads, and go out to the king of Israel: peradventure he will save thy life. ... Now the men did diligently observe whether [any thing would come] from him, and did hastily catch [it]: and they said, Thy brother Benhadad. Then he said, Go ye, bring him. Then Benhadad came forth to him; and he caused him to come up into the chariot.
Matthew 10:16 Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves: be ye therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as doves.
Luke 16:8 And the lord commended the unjust steward, because he had done wisely: for the children of this world are in their generation wiser than the children of light.

ambassadors:
The word tzir, an ambassador, properly denotes a hinge; because an ambassador is a person upon whom the business turns as upon a hinge. So the Latin Cardinalis, from cardo, a hinge, was the title of the prime minister of the emperor Theodosius, though now applied only to the Pope's electors and counsellors.

wine bottles:
These bottles being made of skin, were consequently liable to be rent, and capable of being mended; which is done, according to Chardin, by putting in a piece, or by gathering up the wounded piece in the manner of a purse; and sometimes by inserting a flat piece of wood.
Psalms 119:83 For I am become like a bottle in the smoke; [yet] do I not forget thy statutes.
Matthew 9:17 Neither do men put new wine into old bottles: else the bottles break, and the wine runneth out, and the bottles perish: but they put new wine into new bottles, and both are preserved.
Mark 2:22 And no man putteth new wine into old bottles: else the new wine doth burst the bottles, and the wine is spilled, and the bottles will be marred: but new wine must be put into new bottles.
Luke 5:37-38 And no man putteth new wine into old bottles; else the new wine will burst the bottles, and be spilled, and the bottles shall perish. ... But new wine must be put into new bottles; and both are preserved.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 34:13. 1K 20:31. Ps 119:83. Mt 9:17; 10:16. Mk 2:22. Lk 5:37; 16:8.

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