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Joshua 9:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the men took of their provision, and asked not counsel at the mouth of Jehovah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the men took of their victuals, and asked not [counsel] at the mouth of the LORD.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So the men [of Israel] took some of their provisions, and did not ask for the counsel of the LORD.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the men took of their provisions, and asked not [counsel] at the mouth of the LORD.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the men took of their victuals, but they did not inquire at the mouth of Jehovah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So the men took of their provision,—but, the bidding of Yahweh, had they not asked.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the men take of their provision, and the mouth of Jehovah have not asked;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They took therefore of their victuals, and consulted not the mouth of the Lord.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the men tooke of their victuals, and asked not counsell at the mouth of the LORD.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the chiefs took of their provision, and asked not [counsel of] the Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the men took of their victuals, and asked not [counsel] at the mouth of Yahweh.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the men y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
took 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
of their victuals, 6718
{6718} Prime
צַיִד
tsayid
{tsah'-yid}
From a form of H6679 and meaning the same; the chase; also game (thus taken); (generally) lunch (especially for a journey).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and asked 7592
{7592} Prime
שָׁאַל
sha'al
{shaw-al'}
A primitive root; to inquire; by implication to request; by extension to demand.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
[counsel] at the mouth 6310
{6310} Prime
פֶּה
peh
{peh}
From H6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literally or figuratively (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to.
of Yhw יָהוֶה. 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Joshua 9:3-15.


Joshua 9:6-14

_ _ they went to Joshua unto the camp at Gilgal — Arrived at the Israelitish headquarters, the strangers obtained an interview with Joshua and the elders, to whom they opened their business.


Joshua 9:14-15

_ _ the men took of their victuals and asked not counsel at the mouth of the Lord — The mouldy appearance of their bread was, after examination, accepted as guaranteeing the truth of the story. In this precipitate conclusion the Israelites were guilty of excessive credulity and culpable negligence, in not asking by the high priest’s Urim and Thummim the mind of God, before entering into the alliance. It is not clear, however, that had they applied for divine direction they would have been forbidden to spare and connect themselves with any of the Canaanite tribes who renounced idolatry and embraced and worshipped the true God. At least, no fault was found with them for making a covenant with the Gibeonites; while, on the other hand, the violation of it was severely punished (2 Samuel 21:1; and Joshua 11:19, Joshua 11:20).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Joshua 9:3-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Joshua 9:14

The men — That is, the princes. Their victuals — That they might examine the truth of what they said. The mouth of the Lord — As they ought to have done upon all such weighty occasions. So they are accused of rashness and neglect of their duty. For though it is probable, if God had been consulted, he would have consented to the sparing of the Gibeonites; yet it should have been done with more caution, and an obligation upon them to embrace the true religion. In every business of importance, we should stay to take God along with us, and by the word and prayer consult him. Many a time our affairs miscarry, because we asked not counsel at the mouth of the Lord. Did we acknowledge him in all our ways, they would be more safe, easy and successful.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Joshua 9:14

And the (g) men took of their victuals, and asked not [counsel] at the mouth of the LORD.

(g) Some think that the Israelites are of their victuals, and so made a league with them.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the men took of their victuals:
or, they received the men by reason of their victuals

asked not:

Exodus 28:30 And thou shalt put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim; and they shall be upon Aaron's heart, when he goeth in before the LORD: and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart before the LORD continually.
Numbers 27:21 And he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall ask [counsel] for him after the judgment of Urim before the LORD: at his word shall they go out, and at his word they shall come in, [both] he, and all the children of Israel with him, even all the congregation.
Judges 1:1 Now after the death of Joshua it came to pass, that the children of Israel asked the LORD, saying, Who shall go up for us against the Canaanites first, to fight against them?
Judges 20:18 And the children of Israel arose, and went up to the house of God, and asked counsel of God, and said, Which of us shall go up first to the battle against the children of Benjamin? And the LORD said, Judah [shall go up] first.
Judges 20:28 And Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron, stood before it in those days,) saying, Shall I yet again go out to battle against the children of Benjamin my brother, or shall I cease? And the LORD said, Go up; for to morrow I will deliver them into thine hand.
1 Samuel 14:18-19 And Saul said unto Ahiah, Bring hither the ark of God. For the ark of God was at that time with the children of Israel. ... And it came to pass, while Saul talked unto the priest, that the noise that [was] in the host of the Philistines went on and increased: and Saul said unto the priest, Withdraw thine hand.
1 Samuel 22:10 And he enquired of the LORD for him, and gave him victuals, and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.
1 Samuel 23:9-12 And David knew that Saul secretly practised mischief against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring hither the ephod. ... Then said David, Will the men of Keilah deliver me and my men into the hand of Saul? And the LORD said, They will deliver [thee] up.
1 Samuel 30:7-8 And David said to Abiathar the priest, Ahimelech's son, I pray thee, bring me hither the ephod. And Abiathar brought thither the ephod to David. ... And David enquired at the LORD, saying, Shall I pursue after this troop? shall I overtake them? And he answered him, Pursue: for thou shalt surely overtake [them], and without fail recover [all].
2 Samuel 2:1 And it came to pass after this, that David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up into any of the cities of Judah? And the LORD said unto him, Go up. And David said, Whither shall I go up? And he said, Unto Hebron.
2 Samuel 5:19 And David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up to the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into mine hand? And the LORD said unto David, Go up: for I will doubtless deliver the Philistines into thine hand.
1 Chronicles 10:13-14 So Saul died for his transgression which he committed against the LORD, [even] against the word of the LORD, which he kept not, and also for asking [counsel] of [one that had] a familiar spirit, to enquire [of it]; ... And enquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse.
Ezra 8:21 Then I proclaimed a fast there, at the river of Ahava, that we might afflict ourselves before our God, to seek of him a right way for us, and for our little ones, and for all our substance.
Proverbs 3:5-6 Trust in the LORD with all thine heart; and lean not unto thine own understanding. ... In all thy ways acknowledge him, and he shall direct thy paths.
Isaiah 30:1-2 Woe to the rebellious children, saith the LORD, that take counsel, but not of me; and that cover with a covering, but not of my spirit, that they may add sin to sin: ... That walk to go down into Egypt, and have not asked at my mouth; to strengthen themselves in the strength of Pharaoh, and to trust in the shadow of Egypt!
James 1:5 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all [men] liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 28:30. Nu 27:21. Jg 1:1; 20:18, 28. 1S 14:18; 22:10; 23:9; 30:7. 2S 2:1; 5:19. 1Ch 10:13. Ezr 8:21. Pv 3:5. Is 30:1. Jm 1:5.

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