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Joshua 6:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And ye shall compass the city, all the men of war, going about the city once. Thus shalt thou do six days.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And ye shall compass the city, all [ye] men of war, [and] go round about the city once. Thus shalt thou do six days.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You shall march around the city, all the men of war circling the city once. You shall do so for six days.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And ye shall compass the city, all [ye] men of war, [and] go round the city once: thus shalt thou do six days.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And ye shall go round the city, all the men of war, encompassing the city once. Thus shalt thou do six days.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So then ye shall compass the city all ye men of war, going round the city, once,—thus, shall thou do six days.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and ye have compassed the city—all the men of battle—going round the city once; thus thou dost six days;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Go round about the city all ye fighting men once a day: so shall ye do for six days.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And ye shall compasse the city, all [yee] men of warre, [and] goe round about the city once: thus shalt thou doe sixe dayes.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And do thou set the men of war round about it.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And ye shall compass the city, all [ye] men of war, [and] go round about the city once. Thus shalt thou do six days.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And ye shall compass 5437
{5437} Prime
סָבַב
cabab
{saw-bab'}
A primitive root; to revolve, surround or border; used in various applications, literally and figuratively.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the city, 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
[ye] men y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
of war, 4421
{4421} Prime
מִלְחָמָה
milchamah
{mil-khaw-maw'}
From H3898 (in the sense of fighting); a battle (that is, the engagement); generally war (that is, warfare).
[and] go round about 5362
{5362} Prime
נָקַף
naqaph
{naw-kaf'}
A primitive root; to strike with more or less violence (beat, fell, corrode); by implication (of attack) to knock together, that is, surround or circulate.
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the city 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
once. 6471
{6471} Prime
פַּעַם
pa`am
{pah'-am}
From H6470; a stroke, literally or figuratively (in various applications).
259
{0259} Prime
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
Thus x3541
(3541) Complement
כֹּה
koh
{ko}
From the prefix K and H1931; properly like this, that is, by implication (of manner) thus (or so); also (of place) here (or hither); or (of time) now.
shalt thou do 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
six 8337
{8337} Prime
שֵׁשׁ
shesh
{shaysh}
(The second form is masculine); a primitive number; six (as an overplus (see H7797) beyond five or the fingers of the hand); as ordinal sixth.
days. 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Joshua 6:3-5

_ _ ye shall compass the city, all ye men of war.... Thus shalt thou do six days, etc. — Directions are here given as to the mode of procedure. Hebrew, “horns of jubilee”; that is, the bent or crooked trumpets with which the jubilee was proclaimed. It is probable that the horns of this animal were used at first; and that afterwards, when metallic trumpets were introduced, the primitive name, as well as form of them, was traditionally continued. The design of this whole proceeding was obviously to impress the Canaanites with a sense of the divine omnipotence, to teach the Israelites a memorable lesson of faith and confidence in God’s promises, and to inspire sentiments of respect and reverence for the ark as the symbol of His presence. The length of time during which those circuits were made tended the more intensely to arrest the attention, and to deepen the impressions, both of the Israelites and the enemy. The number seven was among the Israelites the symbolic seal of the covenant between God and their nation [Keil, Hengstenberg].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Joshua 6:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Joshua 6:3

Round about the city once — At a convenient distance, out of the reach of their arrows. Six days — Every day once. This and the following course might seem ridiculous and absurd, and is therefore prescribed by God, that they might learn to take new measures of things, and to expect success not from their own valour, or skill, but merely from God's appointment and blessing; and in general, not to judge of any of God's institutions by mere carnal reason, to which divers of their ceremonies would seem no less foolish than this action.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Joshua 6:3

And ye shall compass the city, all [ye] men of war, [and] go round about the city (d) once. Thus shalt thou do six days.

(d) Every day one.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
ye shall:

Joshua 6:7 And he said unto the people, Pass on, and compass the city, and let him that is armed pass on before the ark of the LORD.
Joshua 6:14 And the second day they compassed the city once, and returned into the camp: so they did six days.
Numbers 14:9 Only rebel not ye against the LORD, neither fear ye the people of the land; for they [are] bread for us: their defence is departed from them, and the LORD [is] with us: fear them not.
1 Corinthians 1:21-25 For after that in the wisdom of God the world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of preaching to save them that believe. ... Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men.
2 Corinthians 4:7 But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency of the power may be of God, and not of us.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 14:9. Jsh 6:7, 14. 1Co 1:21. 2Co 4:7.

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