Parallel Bible VersionsHebrew Bible Study Tools

Joshua 23:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Else if ye do at all go back, and cleave unto the remnant of these nations, even these that remain among you, and make marriages with them, and go in unto them, and they to you;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Else if ye do in any wise go back, and cleave unto the remnant of these nations, [even] these that remain among you, and shall make marriages with them, and go in unto them, and they to you:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “For if you ever go back and cling to the rest of these nations, these which remain among you, and intermarry with them, so that you associate with them and they with you,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Else if ye do in any wise go back, and cleave to the remnant of these nations, [even] these that remain among you, and shall make marriages with them, and associate with them, and they with you:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For if ye in any wise go back, and cleave unto the residue of these nations, these that remain among you, and make marriages with them, and come in unto them and they unto you:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, if ye, do in any wise turn back, and cleave unto the remnant of these nations, these which remain with you,—and intermarry with them, and go in with them, and, they, with you;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'But—if ye at all turn back and have cleaved to the remnant of these nations, these who are left with you, and intermarried with them, and gone in to them, and they to you,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But if you will embrace the errors of these nations that dwell among you, and make marriages with them, and join friendships:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Else, if ye do in any wise go backe, and cleaue vnto the remnant of these nations, [euen] these that remaine among you, and shall make marriages with them, and goe in vnto them, and they to you:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For if ye shall turn aside and attach yourselves to these nations that are left with you, and make marriages with them, and become mingled with them and they with you,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Else if ye do in any wise go back, and cleave unto the remnant of these nations, [even] these that remain among you, and shall make marriages with them, and go in unto them, and they to you:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Else x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
if x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
ye do in any wise y7725
[7725] Standard
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
go back, 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and cleave 1692
{1692} Prime
דָּבַק
dabaq
{daw-bak'}
A primitive root; properly to impinge, that is, cling or adhere; figuratively to catch by pursuit.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
unto the remnant 3499
{3499} Prime
יֶתֶר
yether
{yeh'-ther}
Properly an overhanging, that is, (by implication) an excess, superiority, remainder; also a small rope (as hanging free).
of these x428
(0428) Complement
אֵלֶּה
'el-leh
{ale'-leh}
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
nations, 1471
{1471} Prime
גּוֹי
gowy
{go'-ee}
Apparently from the same root as H1465 (in the sense of massing); a foreign nation; hence a Gentile; also (figuratively) a troop of animals, or a flight of locusts.
[even] these x428
(0428) Complement
אֵלֶּה
'el-leh
{ale'-leh}
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
that remain 7604
{7604} Prime
שָׁאַר
sha'ar
{shaw-ar'}
A primitive root; properly to swell up, that is, be (causatively make) redundant.
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
among x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
you, and shall make marriages 2859
{2859} Prime
חוֹתֵן
chathan
{khaw-than'}
A primitive root; to give (a daughter) away in marriage; hence (generally) to contract affinity by marriage.
z8694
<8694> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 157
with them, and go in 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
unto them, and they x1992
(1992) Complement
הֵם
hem
{haym}
Masculine plural from H1931; they (only used when emphatic).
to you:
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Joshua 23:12-13

_ _ Joshua 23:12. By threatenings in case of disobedience.

_ _ Else if ye do in any wise go back, and cleave unto the remnant of these nations — As marriage connections with the idolatrous Canaanites would present many and strong temptations to transgress it, these were strictly prohibited (Exodus 34:12-16; Deuteronomy 7:3). With his eye, as it were, upon those prohibitions, Joshua threatens them with the certain withdrawal of the divine aid in the further expulsion of the Canaanites (a threat founded Exodus 23:33; Numbers 33:55; Deuteronomy 7:16).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Joshua 23:11-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Joshua 23:12

Go back — From God, and from his worship and service.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
go back:

Psalms 36:3 The words of his mouth [are] iniquity and deceit: he hath left off to be wise, [and] to do good.
Psalms 125:5 As for such as turn aside unto their crooked ways, the LORD shall lead them forth with the workers of iniquity: [but] peace [shall be] upon Israel.
Isaiah 1:4 Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children that are corrupters: they have forsaken the LORD, they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger, they are gone away backward.
Ezekiel 18:24 But when the righteous turneth away from his righteousness, and committeth iniquity, [and] doeth according to all the abominations that the wicked [man] doeth, shall he live? All his righteousness that he hath done shall not be mentioned: in his trespass that he hath trespassed, and in his sin that he hath sinned, in them shall he die.
Zephaniah 1:6 And them that are turned back from the LORD; and [those] that have not sought the LORD, nor enquired for him.
Matthew 12:45 Then goeth he, and taketh with himself seven other spirits more wicked than himself, and they enter in and dwell there: and the last [state] of that man is worse than the first. Even so shall it be also unto this wicked generation.
John 6:66 From that [time] many of his disciples went back, and walked no more with him.
Hebrews 10:38-39 Now the just shall live by faith: but if [any man] draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him. ... But we are not of them who draw back unto perdition; but of them that believe to the saving of the soul.
2 Peter 2:18-22 For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error. ... But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog [is] turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.
1 John 2:9 He that saith he is in the light, and hateth his brother, is in darkness even until now.

cleave:

Genesis 2:24 Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.
Genesis 34:3 And his soul clave unto Dinah the daughter of Jacob, and he loved the damsel, and spake kindly unto the damsel.
1 Samuel 18:1-3 And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking unto Saul, that the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul. ... Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.
1 Kings 11:2 Of the nations [concerning] which the LORD said unto the children of Israel, Ye shall not go in to them, neither shall they come in unto you: [for] surely they will turn away your heart after their gods: Solomon clave unto these in love.
Romans 12:9 [Let] love be without dissimulation. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good.

shall make:

Exodus 34:12-16 Take heed to thyself, lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land whither thou goest, lest it be for a snare in the midst of thee: ... And thou take of their daughters unto thy sons, and their daughters go a whoring after their gods, and make thy sons go a whoring after their gods.
Deuteronomy 7:3 Neither shalt thou make marriages with them; thy daughter thou shalt not give unto his son, nor his daughter shalt thou take unto thy son.
1 Kings 11:4 For it came to pass, when Solomon was old, [that] his wives turned away his heart after other gods: and his heart was not perfect with the LORD his God, as [was] the heart of David his father.
Ezra 9:1-2 Now when these things were done, the princes came to me, saying, The people of Israel, and the priests, and the Levites, have not separated themselves from the people of the lands, [doing] according to their abominations, [even] of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Jebusites, the Ammonites, the Moabites, the Egyptians, and the Amorites. ... For they have taken of their daughters for themselves, and for their sons: so that the holy seed have mingled themselves with the people of [those] lands: yea, the hand of the princes and rulers hath been chief in this trespass.
Ezra 9:11-12 Which thou hast commanded by thy servants the prophets, saying, The land, unto which ye go to possess it, is an unclean land with the filthiness of the people of the lands, with their abominations, which have filled it from one end to another with their uncleanness. ... Now therefore give not your daughters unto their sons, neither take their daughters unto your sons, nor seek their peace or their wealth for ever: that ye may be strong, and eat the good of the land, and leave [it] for an inheritance to your children for ever.
Nehemiah 13:23-26 In those days also saw I Jews [that] had married wives of Ashdod, of Ammon, [and] of Moab: ... Did not Solomon king of Israel sin by these things? yet among many nations was there no king like him, who was beloved of his God, and God made him king over all Israel: nevertheless even him did outlandish women cause to sin.
2 Corinthians 6:14-17 Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness? ... Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean [thing]; and I will receive you,
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 2:24; 34:3. Ex 34:12. Dt 7:3. 1S 18:1. 1K 11:2, 4. Ezr 9:1, 11. Ne 13:23. Ps 36:3; 125:5. Is 1:4. Ezk 18:24. Zp 1:6. Mt 12:45. Jn 6:66. Ro 12:9. 2Co 6:14. He 10:38. 2P 2:18. 1Jn 2:9.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Joshua 23:12.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Joshua 23:12


Recent Chat Bible Comments