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Joshua 22:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Did not Achan the son of Zerah commit a trespass in the devoted thing, and wrath fell upon all the congregation of Israel? and that man perished not alone in his iniquity.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Did not Achan the son of Zerah commit a trespass in the accursed thing, and wrath fell on all the congregation of Israel? and that man perished not alone in his iniquity.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘Did not Achan the son of Zerah act unfaithfully in the things under the ban, and wrath fall on all the congregation of Israel? And that man did not perish alone in his iniquity.’”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Did not Achan the son of Zerah commit a trespass in the accursed thing, and wrath fall on all the congregation of Israel? and that man perished not alone in his iniquity.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Did not Achan the son of Zerah commit a trespass in the accursed thing? and wrath fell on all the assembly of Israel, and he perished not alone in his iniquity.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Did not, Achan son of Zerah, commit an act of treachery, with a devoted thing, and, upon all the assembly of Israel, came wrath,—so that not, he—one man alone, died in his iniquity.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Did not Achan son of Zerah commit a trespass in the devoted thing, and on all the company of Israel there was wrath? and he alone expired not in his iniquity.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Did not Achan the son of Zare transgress the commandment of the Lord, and his wrath lay upon all the people of Israel? And he was but one man, and would to God he alone had perished in his wickedness.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Did not Achan the sonne of Zerah commit a trespasse in the accursed thing, and wrath fell on all the Congregation of Israel? And that man perished not alone in his iniquitie.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Lo! did not Achan{gr.Achar} the [son] of Zerah{gr.Zara} commit a trespass [taking] of the accursed thing, and there was wrath on the whole congregation of Israel? and he himself died alone in his own sin.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Did not Akhan the son of Zerach commit a trespass in the accursed thing, and wrath fell on all the congregation of Yisrael? and that man perished not alone in his iniquity.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Did not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
`Ģn עָכָן 5912
{5912} Prime
עָכָן
`Akan
{aw-kawn'}
From an unused root meaning to trouble; troublesome; Akan, an Israelite.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Zera זֶרַח 2226
{2226} Prime
זֶרַח
Zerach
{zeh'-rakh}
The same as H2225; Zerach, the name of three Israelites, also of an Idumaean and an Ethiopian prince.
commit 4603
{4603} Prime
מָעַל
ma`al
{maw-al'}
A primitive root; properly to cover up; used only figuratively to act covertly, that is, treacherously.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
a trespass 4604
{4604} Prime
מַעַל
ma`al
{mah'-al}
From H4608; treachery, that is, sin.
in the accursed thing, 2764
{2764} Prime
חֵרֶם
cherem
{khay'-rem}
From H2763; physically (as shutting in) a net (either literally or figuratively); usually a doomed object; abstractly extermination.
and wrath 7110
{7110} Prime
קֶצֶף
qetseph
{keh'-tsef}
From H7107; a splinter (as chipped off); figuratively rage or strife.
fell 1961
{1961} Prime
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
on x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the congregation 5712
{5712} Prime
עֵדָה
`edah
{ay-daw'}
Feminine of H5707 in the original sense of fixture; a stated assemblage (specifically a concourse, or generally a family or crowd).
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל? 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
and that x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
perished 1478
{1478} Prime
גָּוַע
gava`
{gaw-vah'}
A primitive root; to breathe out, that is, (by implication) expire.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
alone 259
{0259} Prime
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
in his iniquity. 5771
{5771} Prime
עָוֹן
`avon
{aw-vone'}
From H5753; perversity, that is, (moral) evil.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Joshua 22:11-29.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Joshua 22:10-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Joshua 22:20

Of Zerah — That is, one of his posterity. Not alone — But brought destruction upon his whole family, and part of our forces sent against Ai.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Joshua 22:20

Did not Achan the son of Zerah commit a trespass in the accursed thing, and wrath fell on all the congregation of Israel? and that man (m) perished not alone in his iniquity.

(m) Signifying, that if many suffered for one man's sin, for the fault of many, all should suffer.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Joshua 7:1 But the children of Israel committed a trespass in the accursed thing: for Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, took of the accursed thing: and the anger of the LORD was kindled against the children of Israel.
Joshua 7:5 And the men of Ai smote of them about thirty and six men: for they chased them [from] before the gate [even] unto Shebarim, and smote them in the going down: wherefore the hearts of the people melted, and became as water.
Joshua 7:18 And he brought his household man by man; and Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, was taken.
Joshua 7:24 And Joshua, and all Israel with him, took Achan the son of Zerah, and the silver, and the garment, and the wedge of gold, and his sons, and his daughters, and his oxen, and his asses, and his sheep, and his tent, and all that he had: and they brought them unto the valley of Achor.
1 Corinthians 10:6 Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted.
2 Peter 2:6 And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned [them] with an overthrow, making [them] an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly;
Jude 1:5-6 I will therefore put you in remembrance, though ye once knew this, how that the Lord, having saved the people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed them that believed not. ... And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.
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Jsh 7:1, 5, 18, 24. 1Co 10:6. 2P 2:6. Jde 1:5.

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