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Joshua 19:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the second lot came out for Simeon, even for the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families: and their inheritance was in the midst of the inheritance of the children of Judah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the second lot came forth to Simeon, [even] for the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families: and their inheritance was within the inheritance of the children of Judah.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then the second lot fell to Simeon, to the tribe of the sons of Simeon according to their families, and their inheritance was in the midst of the inheritance of the sons of Judah.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the second lot came forth to Simeon, [even] for the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families: and their inheritance was within the inheritance of the children of Judah.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the second lot came forth to Simeon, for the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families; and their inheritance was within the inheritance of the children of Judah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And the second lot came out, for Simeon, for the tribe of the sons of Simeon, by their families,—and their inheritance was in the midst of the inheritance of the sons of Judah.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the second lot goeth out for Simeon, for the tribe of the sons of Simeon, for their families; and their inheritance is in the midst of the inheritance of the sons of Judah,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the second lot came forth for the children of Simeon by their kindreds: and their inheritance was
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the second lot came foorth to Simeon, [euen] for the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families: and their inheritance was within the inheritance of the children of Iudah.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the second lot came out for the children of Simeon{gr.Symeon}; and their inheritance was in the midst of the lots of the children of Judah{gr.Juda}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the second lot came forth to Shimon, [even] for the tribe of the children of Shimon according to their families: and their inheritance was within the inheritance of the children of Yehudah.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the second 8145
{8145} Prime
שֵׁנִי
sheniy
{shay-nee'}
From H8138; properly double, that is, second; also adverbially again.
lot 1486
{1486} Prime
גּוֹרָל
gowral
{go-rawl'}
From an unused root meaning to be rough (as stone); properly a pebble, that is, a lot (small stones being used for that purpose); figuratively a portion or destiny (as if determined by lot).
came forth 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to im`n שִׁמעוֹן, 8095
{8095} Prime
שִׁמְעוֹן
Shim`own
{shim-one'}
From H8085; hearing; Shimon, one of Jacob's sons, also the tribe descendant from him.
[even] for the tribe 4294
{4294} Prime
מַטֶּה
matteh
{mat-teh'}
From H5186; a branch (as extending); figuratively a tribe; also a rod, whether for chastising (figuratively correction), ruling (a sceptre), throwing (a lance), or walking (a staff; figuratively a support of life, for example bread).
of the children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of im`n שִׁמעוֹן 8095
{8095} Prime
שִׁמְעוֹן
Shim`own
{shim-one'}
From H8085; hearing; Shimon, one of Jacob's sons, also the tribe descendant from him.
according to their families: 4940
{4940} Prime
מִשְׁפָּחָה
mishpachah
{mish-paw-khaw'}
From H8192 (compare H8198); a family, that is, circle of relatives; figuratively a class (of persons), a species (of animals) or sort (of things); by extension a tribe or people.
and their inheritance 5159
{5159} Prime
נַחֲלָה
nachalah
{nakh-al-aw'}
From H5157 (in its usual sense); properly something inherited, that is, (abstractly) occupancy, or (concretely) an heirloom; generally an estate, patrimony or portion.
was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
within 8432
{8432} Prime
תָּוֶךְ
tavek
{taw'-vek}
From an unused root meaning to sever; a bisection, that is, (by implication) the centre.
the inheritance 5159
{5159} Prime
נַחֲלָה
nachalah
{nakh-al-aw'}
From H5157 (in its usual sense); properly something inherited, that is, (abstractly) occupancy, or (concretely) an heirloom; generally an estate, patrimony or portion.
of the children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Yh יְהוּדָה. 3063
{3063} Prime
יְהוּדָה
Y@huwdah
{yeh-hoo-daw'}
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Joshua 19:1

_ _ Joshua 19:1-9. The lot of Simeon.

_ _ the second lot came forth to Simeon — The next lot that was drawn at Shiloh, gave the tribe of Simeon his inheritance within the territory, which had been assigned to that of Judah. The knowledge of Canaan possessed by the Israelites, when the division of the land commenced, was but very general, being derived from the rapid sweep they had made over it during the course of conquest; and it was on the ground of that rough survey alone that the distribution proceeded, by which Judah received an inheritance. Time showed that this territory was too large (Joshua 19:9), either for their numbers, however great, to occupy and their arms to defend, or too large in proportion to the allotments of the other tribes. Justice therefore required (what kind and brotherly feeling readily dictated) a modification of their possession; and a part of it was appropriated to Simeon. By thus establishing it within the original domain of another tribe, the prophecy of Jacob in regard to Simeon was fulfilled (Genesis 49:7); for from its boundaries being not traced, there is reason to conclude that its people were divided and dispersed among those of Judah; and though one group of its cities named (Joshua 19:2-6), gives the idea of a compact district, as it is usually represented by map makers, the other group (Joshua 19:7, Joshua 19:8) were situated, two in the south, and two elsewhere, with tracts of the country around them.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Joshua 19:1-9

_ _ Simeon's lot was drawn after Judah's, Joseph's, and Benjamin's, because Jacob had put that tribe under disgrace; yet it is put before the two younger sons of Leah and the three sons of the handmaids. Not one person of note, neither judge nor prophet, was of this tribe, that we know of.

_ _ I. The situation of their lot was within that of Judah (Joshua 19:1) and was taken from it, Joshua 19:9. It seems, those that first surveyed the land thought it larger than it was, and that it would have held out to give every tribe in proportion as large a share as they had carved out for Judah; but, upon a more strict enquiry, it was found that it would not reach (Joshua 19:9): The part of the children of Judah was too much for them, more than they needed, and more, as it proved, than fell to their share. Yet God did not by the lot lessen it, but left it to their prudence and care afterwards to discover and rectify the mistake, which when they did, 1. The men of Judah did not oppose the taking away of the cities again, which by the first distribution fell within their border, when they were convinced that they had more than their proportion. In all such cases errors must be excepted and a review admitted if there be occasion. Though, in strictness, what fell to their lot was their right against all the world, yet they would not insist upon it when it appeared that another tribe would want what they had to spare. Note, We must look on the things of others, and not on our own only. The abundance of some must supply the wants of others, that there may be somewhat of an equality, for which there may be equity where there is not law. 2. That which was thus taken off from Judah to be put into a new lot Providence directed to the tribe of Simeon, that Jacob's prophecy concerning this tribe might be fulfilled, I will divide them in Jacob. The cities of Simeon were scattered in Judah, with which tribe they were surrounded, except on that side towards the sea. This brought them into a confederacy with the tribe of Judah (Judges 1:3), and afterwards was a happy occasion of the adherence of many of this tribe to the house of David, at the time of the revolt of the ten tribes to Jeroboam. 2 Chronicles 15:9, out of Simeon they fell to Asa in abundance. It is good being in a good neighbourhood.

_ _ II. The cities within their lot are here named. Beersheba, or Sheba, for these names seem to refer to the same place, is put first. Ziklag, which we read of in David's story, is one of them. What course they took to enlarge their borders and make room for themselves we find 1 Chronicles 4:39, etc.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Joshua 19:1

Within the inheritance of Judah — This was so ordered by God's providence, partly to fulfil that threatning that he would divide and scatter this tribe in Israel, Genesis 49:7, which was hereby done in part, because they had no distinct lot, but were as inmates to Judah; partly, because now upon the more exact survey of the land, it appeared, that the part given to Judah did far exceed the proportion which they needed, or which the other tribes could expect. And this was the least of the tribes, Numbers 26:14, and therefore fittest to be put within another tribe.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Joshua 19:1

And the second lot came forth to Simeon, [even] for the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families: and their inheritance was (a) within the inheritance of the children of Judah.

(a) According to Jacob's prophecy that he would be scattered among the other tribes.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
second lot:

Joshua 18:6-11 Ye shall therefore describe the land [into] seven parts, and bring [the description] hither to me, that I may cast lots for you here before the LORD our God. ... And the lot of the tribe of the children of Benjamin came up according to their families: and the coast of their lot came forth between the children of Judah and the children of Joseph.

within the:

Joshua 19:9 Out of the portion of the children of Judah [was] the inheritance of the children of Simeon: for the part of the children of Judah was too much for them: therefore the children of Simeon had their inheritance within the inheritance of them.
Genesis 49:5-7 Simeon and Levi [are] brethren; instruments of cruelty [are in] their habitations. ... Cursed [be] their anger, for [it was] fierce; and their wrath, for it was cruel: I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel.
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Gn 49:5. Jsh 18:6; 19:9.

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