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Joshua 16:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the border of the children of Ephraim according to their families was [thus]: the border of their inheritance eastward was Ataroth-addar, unto Beth-horon the upper;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the border of the children of Ephraim according to their families was [thus]: even the border of their inheritance on the east side was Atarothaddar, unto Bethhoron the upper;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now [this] was the territory of the sons of Ephraim according to their families: the border of their inheritance eastward was Ataroth-addar, as far as upper Beth-horon.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the border of the children of Ephraim according to their families was [thus]: even the border of their inheritance on the east side was Ataroth-adar, to Beth-horon the upper:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the border of the children of Ephraim was according to their families; the border of their inheritance eastwards was Ataroth-Addar as far as the upper Beth-horon;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And the boundary of the sons of Ephraim, by their families, was,—yea the boundary of their inheritance on the east, was Ataroth-addar, as far as Beth-horon the upper;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the border of the sons of Ephraim is by their families; and the border of their inheritance is on the east, Atroth-Addar unto Beth-Horon the upper;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the border of the children of Ephraim was according to their kindreds: and their possession towards the east was Ataroth-addar unto Beth-horon the upper.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the border of the children of Ephraim according to their families, was [thus]: euen the border of their inheritance on the East side was Ataroth-Addar, vnto Bethoron the vpper.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the borders of the children of Ephraim were according to their families, and the borders of their inheritance were eastward to Ataroth, and Eroc as far as Bethhoron{gr.Baethoron} the upper, and Gazara.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the border of the children of Efrayim according to their families was [thus]: even the border of their inheritance on the east side was Atroth Addar, unto Beth Choron the upper;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the border 1366
{1366} Prime
גְּבוּל
g@buwl
{gheb-ool'}
From H1379; properly a cord (as twisted), that is, (by implication) a boundary; by extension the territory inclosed.
of the children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Efrayim אֶפרַיִם 669
{0669} Prime
אֶפְרַיִם
'Ephrayim
{ef-rah'-yim}
Dual of a masculine form of H0672; double fruit; Ephrajim, a son of Joseph; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory.
according to their families 4940
{4940} Prime
מִשְׁפָּחָה
mishpachah
{mish-paw-khaw'}
From H8192 (compare H8198); a family, that is, circle of relatives; figuratively a class (of persons), a species (of animals) or sort (of things); by extension a tribe or people.
was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
[thus]: even the border 1366
{1366} Prime
גְּבוּל
g@buwl
{gheb-ool'}
From H1379; properly a cord (as twisted), that is, (by implication) a boundary; by extension the territory inclosed.
of their inheritance 5159
{5159} Prime
נַחֲלָה
nachalah
{nakh-al-aw'}
From H5157 (in its usual sense); properly something inherited, that is, (abstractly) occupancy, or (concretely) an heirloom; generally an estate, patrimony or portion.
on the east x4217
(4217) Complement
מִזְרָח
mizrach
{miz-rawkh'}
From H2224; sunrise, that is, the east.
side y4217
[4217] Standard
מִזְרָח
mizrach
{miz-rawkh'}
From H2224; sunrise, that is, the east.
was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
`A+r Addr עַטרוֹת־אַדָּר, 5853
{5853} Prime
עַטְרוֹת אַדָּר
`Atrowth 'Addar
{at-roth' ad-dawr'}
From the same as H5852 and H0146; crowns of Addar; Atroth-Addar, a place in Palestine.
unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
B rn בֵּית־חוֹרוֹן 1032
{1032} Prime
בֵּית חוֹרוֹן
Beyth Chowrown
{bayth kho-rone'}
From H1004 and H2356; house of hollowness; Beth-Choron, the name of two adjoining places in Palestine.
the upper; 5945
{5945} Prime
עֶלְיוֹן
'elyown
{el-yone'}
From H5927; an elevation, that is, (adjectively) lofty (comparatively); as title, the Supreme.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Joshua 16:5-9

_ _ Joshua 16:5-9. The borders of the inheritance of Ephraim.

_ _ the border of their inheritance ... was Ataroth-addar — Ataroth-addar (now Atara), four miles south of Jetta [Robinson], is fixed on as a center, through which a line is drawn from Upper Beth-horon to Michmethah, showing the western limit of their actual possessions. The tract beyond that to the sea was still unconquered.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Joshua 16:5-10

_ _ Here, 1. The border of the lot of Ephraim is set down, by which it was divided on the south from Benjamin and Dan, who lay between it and Judah, and on the north from Manasseh; for east and west it reached from Jordan to the great sea. The learned, who aim to be exact in drawing the line according to the directions here, find themselves very much at a loss, the description being short and intricate. The report of those who in these latter ages have travelled those countries will not serve to clear the difficulties, so vastly unlike is it now to what it was then; not only cities have been so destroyed as that no mark nor footstep of them remains, but brooks are dried up, rivers alter their courses, and even the mountain falling cometh to nought, and the rock is removed out of his place, Job 14:18. Unless I could hope to solve the doubts that arise upon this draught of the border of Ephraim, it is to no purpose to mention them: no doubt it was then perfectly understood, so as that the first intention of recording it was effectually answered, which was to notify the ancient landmarks, which posterity must by no means remove. 2. Some separate cities are spoken of, that lay not within these borders, at least not if the line was drawn direct, but lay within the lot of Manasseh (Joshua 16:9), which might better be read, and there were separate cities for the children of Ephraim among the inheritance of the children of Manasseh, because it proved that Manasseh could spare them, and Ephraim had need of them, and it might be hoped that no inconvenience would arise from this mixture of these two tribes together, who were both the sons of Joseph, and should love as brethren. And by this it appears that though, when the tribes were numbered in the plains of Moab, Manasseh had got the start of Ephraim in number, for Manasseh was then 52,000, and Ephraim but 32,000 (Numbers 26:34, Numbers 26:37), yet by the time they were well settled in Canaan the hands were crossed again, and the blessing of Moses was verified, Deuteronomy 33:17, They are the ten thousands of Ephraim and they are the thousands of Manasseh. Families and kingdoms are diminished and increased, increased and diminished again, as God pleases. 3. A brand is put upon the Ephraimites, that they did not drive out the Canaanites from Gezer (Joshua 16:10), either through carelessness or cowardice, either for want of faith in the promise of God, that he would give them success if they would make a vigorous effort, or for want of zeal for the command of God, which obliged them utterly to drive out the Canaanites, and to make no peace with them. And, though they hoped to satisfy the law by putting them under tribute, yet (as Calvin thinks) this made the matter worse, for it shows that they spared them out of covetousness, that they might be profited by their labours, and by dealing with them for their tribute they were in danger of being infected with their idolatry; yet some think that, when they brought them under tribute, they obliged them to renounce their idols, and to observe the seven precepts of the sons of Noah; and I should think so, but that we find in the sequel of the story that the Israelites were so far from restraining idolatry in others that they soon fell into it themselves. Many famous places were within this lot of the tribe of Ephraim, though not mentioned here. In it were Ramah, Samuel's city (called in the New Testament Arimathea, of which Joseph was, that took care of our Saviour's burial), and Shiloh, where the tabernacle was first set up. Tirzah also, the royal city of Jeroboam and his successors, and Deborah's palm-tree, under which she judged Israel, were in this tribe. Samaria, built by Omri after the burning of the royal palace of Tirzah, was in this tribe, and was long the royal city of the kingdom of the ten tribes; not far from it were Shechem, and the mountains Ebal and Gerizim, and Sychar, near which was Jacob's well, where Christ talked with the woman of Samaria. We read much of Mount Ephraim in the story of the Judges, and of a city called Ephraim, it is probable in this tribe, to which Christ retired, John 11:54. The whole kingdom of the ten tribes is often, in the prophets, especially in Hosea, called Ephraim.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Joshua 16:5

East — side — That is, the north — east side. It is no wonder, if some of these descriptions are dark to us at this distance of time; there having been so many alterations made in places, and so many circumstances, being now altogether undiscoverable. But this is certain, that all the descriptions here mentioned, were then evident to the Israelites, because these were the foundations of all the possessions which then they took, and peaceably possessed in succeeding ages.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Atarothaddar:

Joshua 16:2 And goeth out from Bethel to Luz, and passeth along unto the borders of Archi to Ataroth,
Joshua 18:13 And the border went over from thence toward Luz, to the side of Luz, which [is] Bethel, southward; and the border descended to Atarothadar, near the hill that [lieth] on the south side of the nether Bethhoron.
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Jsh 16:2; 18:13.

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