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Joshua 16:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and it went down westward to the border of the Japhletites, unto the border of Beth-horon the nether, even unto Gezer; and the goings out thereof were at the sea.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And goeth down westward to the coast of Japhleti, unto the coast of Bethhoron the nether, and to Gezer: and the goings out thereof are at the sea.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— It went down westward to the territory of the Japhletites, as far as the territory of lower Beth-horon even to Gezer, and it ended at the sea.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And goeth down westward to the border of Japhleti, to the border of Beth-horon the nether, and to Gezer: and the limits of it are at the sea.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and went down westward to the border of the Japhletites, as far as the border of the lower Beth-horon, and to Gezer; and ended at the sea.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and descendeth westward, unto the boundary of the Japhletites, as far as the boundary of Bethhoron the nether, and as far as Gezer,—and the extensions thereof are to the sea.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and gone down westward unto the border of Japhleti, unto the border of Beth-Horon the lower, and unto Gezer, and its outgoings have been at the sea.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And goeth down westward, by the border of Jephleti, unto the borders of Beth-horon the nether, and to Gazer: and the countries of it are ended by the great sea:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And goeth downe Westward, to the coast of Iaphleti, vnto the coast of Bethoron the nether, and to Gezer: and the goings out thereof are at the Sea.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And they will go across to the sea to the borders of Aptalim, as far as the borders of Bethhoron{gr.Baethoron} the lower, and the going forth of them shall be to the sea.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And goeth down westward to the coast of Yafleti, unto the coast of Beth Choron the nether, and to Gezer: and the goings out thereof are at the sea.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And goeth down 3381
{3381} Prime
יָרַד
yarad
{yaw-rad'}
A primitive root; to descend (literally to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively to fall); causatively to bring down (in all the above applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
westward 3220
{3220} Prime
יָם
yam
{yawm}
From an unused root meaning to roar; a sea (as breaking in noisy surf) or large body of water; specifically (with the article) the Mediterranean; sometimes a large river, or an artificial basin; locally, the west, or (rarely) the south.
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the coast 1366
{1366} Prime
גְּבוּל
g@buwl
{gheb-ool'}
From H1379; properly a cord (as twisted), that is, (by implication) a boundary; by extension the territory inclosed.
of Yafl+ יַפלֵטִי, 3311
{3311} Prime
יַפְלֵטִי
Yaphletiy
{yaf-lay-tee'}
Patronymic from H3310; a Japhletite or descendant of Japhlet.
unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
the coast 1366
{1366} Prime
גְּבוּל
g@buwl
{gheb-ool'}
From H1379; properly a cord (as twisted), that is, (by implication) a boundary; by extension the territory inclosed.
of B rn בֵּית־חוֹרוֹן 1032
{1032} Prime
בֵּית חוֹרוֹן
Beyth Chowrown
{bayth kho-rone'}
From H1004 and H2356; house of hollowness; Beth-Choron, the name of two adjoining places in Palestine.
the nether, 8481
{8481} Prime
תַּחְתּוֹן
tachtown
{takh-tone'}
From H8478; bottommost.
and to x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
Gezer גֶּזֶר: 1507
{1507} Prime
גֶּזֶר
Gezer
{gheh'-zer}
The same as H1506; Gezer, a place in Palestine.
and the goings out 8444
{8444} Prime
תּוֹצָאָה
towtsa'ah
{to-tsaw-aw'}
From H3318; (only in plural collective) exit, that is, (geographical) boundary, or (figuratively) deliverance, (actively) source.
thereof are x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
at the sea. 3220
{3220} Prime
יָם
yam
{yawm}
From an unused root meaning to roar; a sea (as breaking in noisy surf) or large body of water; specifically (with the article) the Mediterranean; sometimes a large river, or an artificial basin; locally, the west, or (rarely) the south.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Joshua 16:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Joshua 16:3

And goeth down westward to the coast of Japhleti, unto the coast of Bethhoron the nether, and to Gezer: and the goings out (b) thereof are at the sea.

(b) Of their inheritance.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Bethhoron:
Eusebius says that the two Beth-horons were twelve miles from Jerusalem, towards Nicopolis or Emmaus. Of which the one, called upper Beth-horon, from its situation, was built (rebuilt) by Solomon, and the other, called nether Beth-horon, was given to the Levites. Josephus places Beth-oron about 100 furlongs from Jerusalem. Dr. Clarke mentions an Arab village called Bethoor, about twelve miles from Jerusalem, a small distance from Rama, which he supposes, from its situation on a hill, to be Beth-horon the upper.
Joshua 18:13 And the border went over from thence toward Luz, to the side of Luz, which [is] Bethel, southward; and the border descended to Atarothadar, near the hill that [lieth] on the south side of the nether Bethhoron.
1 Kings 9:15-17 And this [is] the reason of the levy which king Solomon raised; for to build the house of the LORD, and his own house, and Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor, and Megiddo, and Gezer. ... And Solomon built Gezer, and Bethhoron the nether,
1 Chronicles 7:24 (And his daughter [was] Sherah, who built Bethhoron the nether, and the upper, and Uzzensherah.)
1 Chronicles 7:28 And their possessions and habitations [were], Bethel and the towns thereof, and eastward Naaran, and westward Gezer, with the towns thereof; Shechem also and the towns thereof, unto Gaza and the towns thereof:
2 Chronicles 8:5 Also he built Bethhoron the upper, and Bethhoron the nether, fenced cities, with walls, gates, and bars;

Gezer:
Probably the Γαζαρα of Eusebius, four miles from Nicopolis.

the sea:

Numbers 34:6 And [as for] the western border, ye shall even have the great sea for a border: this shall be your west border.
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Nu 34:6. Jsh 18:13. 1K 9:15. 1Ch 7:24, 28. 2Ch 8:5.

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