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Joshua 13:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— on the south; all the land of the Canaanites, and Mearah that belongeth to the Sidonians, unto Aphek, to the border of the Amorites;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— From the south, all the land of the Canaanites, and Mearah that [is] beside the Sidonians, unto Aphek, to the borders of the Amorites:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— to the south, all the land of the Canaanite, and Mearah that belongs to the Sidonians, as far as Aphek, to the border of the Amorite;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— From the south all the land of the Canaanites, and Mearah that [is] beside the Sidonians, to Aphek to the borders of the Amorites:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— in the south, the whole land of the Canaanites, and Mearah which [belongeth] to the Sidonians, unto Aphek, to the border of the Amorites;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— on the south: all the land of the Canaanites, and Mearah which belongeth to the Zidonians, as far as Aphek,—as far as the boundary of the Amorites;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'From the south, all the land of the Canaanite, and Mearah, which [is] to the Sidonians, unto Aphek, unto the border of the Amorite;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And on the south side are the Hevites, all the land of Chanaan, and Maara of the Sidonians as far as Apheca, and the borders of the Amorrhite,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— From the South, all the land of the Canaanites, and Mearah that is beside the Sidonians, vnto Aphek, to the borders of the Amorites:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— from Teman{gr.Thaeman} even to all the land of Canaan{gr.Chanaan} before Gaza, and the Zidonians{gr.Sidonians} as far as Aphec, as far as the borders of the Amorites.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— From the south, all the land of the Kenaanim, and Mearah that [is] beside the Tzidonim, unto Afeq, to the borders of the Emorim:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
From the south, 8486
{8486} Prime
תֵּימָן
teyman
{tay-mawn'}
Denominative from H3225; the south (as being on the right hand of a person facing the east).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
of the Cna`nm כְּנַעֲנִים, 3669
{3669} Prime
כְּנַעֲנִי
K@na`aniy
{ken-ah-an-ee'}
Patrial from H3667; a Kenaanite or inhabitant of Kenaan; by implication a pedlar (the Cananites standing for their neighbors the Ishmaelites, who conducted mercantile caravans).
and M`r מְעָרָה 4632
{4632} Prime
מְעָרָה
M@`arah
{meh-aw-raw'}
The same as H4631; cave; Mearah, a place in Palestine.
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[is] beside the Xnm צִידוֹנִים, 6722
{6722} Prime
צִידוֹנִי
Tsiydoniy
{tsee-do-nee'}
Patrial from H6721; a Tsidonian or inhabitant of Tsidon.
unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
fk אֲפֵק, 663
{0663} Prime
אֲפֵק
'Apheq
{af-ake'}
From H0662 (in the sense of strength); fortress; Aphek (or Aphik), the name of three places in Palestine.
to x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
the borders 1366
{1366} Prime
גְּבוּל
g@buwl
{gheb-ool'}
From H1379; properly a cord (as twisted), that is, (by implication) a boundary; by extension the territory inclosed.
of the mrm אֱמֹרִים: 567
{0567} Prime
אֱמֹרִי
'Emoriy
{em-o-ree'}
Probably a patronymic from an unused name derived from H0559 in the sense of publicity, that is, prominence; thus a mountaineer; an Emorite, one of the Canaanitish tribes.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Joshua 13:2-6.


Joshua 13:3-4

_ _ also the Avites: From [on] the south — The two clauses are thus connected in the Septuagint and many other versions. On being driven out (Deuteronomy 2:23), they established themselves in the south of Philistia. The second division of the unconquered country comprised


Joshua 13:4

_ _ all the land of the Canaanites, and Mearah — (“the cave”)

_ _ that is beside the Sidonians — a mountainous region of Upper Galilee, remarkable for its caves and fastnesses.

_ _ unto Aphek — now Afka; eastward, in Lebanon.

_ _ to the borders of the Amorites — a portion of the northeastern territory that had belonged to Og. The third district that remained unsubdued:

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Joshua 13:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Joshua 13:4

From the south — That is, from those southern parts of the sea — coast, now possessed by the Philistines, all the more northern parts of the sea — coast being yet inhibited by the Canaanites, almost as far as Sidon. The Amorites — The Amorites were a very strong and numerous people, and we find them dispersed in several parts, some within Jordan, and some without it, some in the south and others in the north, of whom he speaks here.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the land of:

Joshua 10:40 So Joshua smote all the country of the hills, and of the south, and of the vale, and of the springs, and all their kings: he left none remaining, but utterly destroyed all that breathed, as the LORD God of Israel commanded.
Joshua 11:3 [And to] the Canaanite on the east and on the west, and [to] the Amorite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Jebusite in the mountains, and [to] the Hivite under Hermon in the land of Mizpeh.
Joshua 12:7-8 And these [are] the kings of the country which Joshua and the children of Israel smote on this side Jordan on the west, from Baalgad in the valley of Lebanon even unto the mount Halak, that goeth up to Seir; which Joshua gave unto the tribes of Israel [for] a possession according to their divisions; ... In the mountains, and in the valleys, and in the plains, and in the springs, and in the wilderness, and in the south country; the Hittites, the Amorites, and the Canaanites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites:

Mearah:
or, the cave

Aphek:
This is probably the Aphek spoken of in
1 Kings 20:26 And it came to pass at the return of the year, that Benhadad numbered the Syrians, and went up to Aphek, to fight against Israel.
2 Kings 13:18 And he said, Take the arrows. And he took [them]. And he said unto the king of Israel, Smite upon the ground. And he smote thrice, and stayed.
, as the capital of the kings of Syria; and the same as is mentioned by Sozomen, Eusebius, and Theophanes, as situated near the river Adonis (now Nahr Ibrahim), between Heliopolis and Byblos, and celebrated for the infamous temple of Venus the Aphacite. The village Afka, situated in the bottom of a valley, and hour and three quarters from Akoura, and three hours' distance from Lake Liemoun, is supposed to occupy its site. Burckhardt, however, could not hear of any remains of antiquity in it neighbourhood.
Joshua 19:30 Ummah also, and Aphek, and Rehob: twenty and two cities with their villages.
1 Samuel 4:1 And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched beside Ebenezer: and the Philistines pitched in Aphek.

the Amorites:

Judges 1:34-36 And the Amorites forced the children of Dan into the mountain: for they would not suffer them to come down to the valley: ... And the coast of the Amorites [was] from the going up to Akrabbim, from the rock, and upward.
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Jsh 10:40; 11:3; 12:7; 19:30. Jg 1:34. 1S 4:1. 1K 20:26. 2K 13:18.

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