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Joshua 13:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— from the Shihor, which is before Egypt, even unto the border of Ekron northward, [which] is reckoned to the Canaanites; the five lords of the Philistines; the Gazites, and the Ashdodites, the Ashkelonites, the Gittites, and the Ekronites; also the Avvim,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— From Sihor, which [is] before Egypt, even unto the borders of Ekron northward, [which] is counted to the Canaanite: five lords of the Philistines; the Gazathites, and the Ashdothites, the Eshkalonites, the Gittites, and the Ekronites; also the Avites:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— from the Shihor which is east of Egypt, even as far as the border of Ekron to the north (it is counted as Canaanite); the five lords of the Philistines: the Gazite, the Ashdodite, the Ashkelonite, the Gittite, the Ekronite; and the Avvite
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— From Sihor, which [is] before Egypt, even to the borders of Ekron northward, [which] is counted to the Canaanite: five lords of the Philistines; the Gazathites, and the Ashdothites, the Eshkalonites, the Gittites, and the Ekronites; also the Avites:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— from the Shihor, which [floweth] before Egypt, as far as the borders of Ekron northward, [and which] is counted to the Canaanite; five lordships of the Philistines: of Gazah, and of Ashdod, of Eshkalon, of Gath, and of Ekron; also the Avvites;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— from the Shihor which faceth Egypt, even as far as the boundary of Ekron, northward, to the Canaanites, is it counted,—five princes of Philistines, the Gazites, and the Ashdodites, the Ashkalonites, the Gittites, and the Ekronites, also the Avvim
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— from Sihor which [is] on the front of Egypt, and unto the border of Ekron northward, to the Canaanite it is reckoned, five princes of the Philistines, the Gazathite, and the Ashdothite, the Eshkalonite, the Gittite, and the Ekronite, also the Avim.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— From the troubled river, that watereth Egypt, unto the border of Accaron northward: the land of Chanaan, which is divided among the lords of the Philistines, the Gazites, the Azotians, the Ascalonites, the Gethites, and the Accronites.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— From Sihor, which is before Egypt, euen vnto the borders of Ekron Northward, [which] is counted to the Canaanite: fiue lords of the Philistines; the Gazathites, and the Ashdothites, the Eshkalonites, the Gittites, and the Ekronites; Also the Auites.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— from the wilderness before Mizraim{gr.Egypt}, as far as the borders of Ekron{gr.Accaron} on the left of the Canaanites{gr.Chananites} [the land] is reckoned to the five principalities of the Philistines{gr.Phylistines}, to the inhabitant of Gaza, and of Ashdod{gr.Azotus}, and of Askelon{gr.Ascalon}, and of Gath{gr.Geth}, and of Ekron{gr.Accaron}, and to the Hivite{gr.Evite};
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— From Shichor, which [is] before Mitzrayim, even unto the borders of Eqron northward, [which] is counted to the Kenaani: five lords of the Pelishtim; the Azzathim, and the Ashdodim, the Eshqelonim, the Gittim, and the Eqronim; also the Awwim:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
From x4480
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
r שִׁיחוֹר, 7883
{7883} Prime
Probably from H7835; dark, that is, turbid; Shichor, a stream of Egypt.
which x834
(0834) Complement
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[is] before 6440
{6440} Prime
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
Mixrayim מִצרַיִם, 4714
{4714} Prime
Dual of H4693; Mitsrajim, that is, Upper and Lower Egypt.
even unto x5704
(5704) Complement
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
the borders 1366
{1366} Prime
From H1379; properly a cord (as twisted), that is, (by implication) a boundary; by extension the territory inclosed.
of `Ekrn עֶקרוֹן 6138
{6138} Prime
From H6131; eradication; Ekron, a place in Palestine.
northward, 6828
{6828} Prime
From H6845; properly hidden, that is, dark; used only of the north as a quarter (gloomy and unknown).
[which] is counted 2803
{2803} Prime
A primitive root; properly to plait or interpenetrate, that is, (literally) to weave or (generally) to fabricate; figuratively to plot or contrive (usually in a malicious sense); hence (from the mental effort) to think, regard, value, compute.
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
to the Cna`n כְּנַעֲנִי: 3669
{3669} Prime
Patrial from H3667; a Kenaanite or inhabitant of Kenaan; by implication a pedlar (the Cananites standing for their neighbors the Ishmaelites, who conducted mercantile caravans).
five 2568
{2568} Prime
A primitive numeral; five.
lords 5633
{5633} Prime
From an unused root of uncertain meaning; an axle; figuratively a peer.
of the Plitm פְּלִשׁתִּים; 6430
{6430} Prime
Patrial from H6429; a Pelishtite or inhabitant of Pelesheth.
the `Azzm עַזָּתִים, 5841
{5841} Prime
Patrial from H5804; an Azzathite or inhabitant of Azzah.
and the Adm אַשׁדּוֹדִים, 796
{0796} Prime
Patrial from H0795; an Ashdodite (often collectively) or inhabitant of Ashdod.
the Eklnm אֶשׁקְלוֹנִים, 832
{0832} Prime
Patrial from H0831; an Ashkelonite (collectively) or inhabitant of Ashkelon.
the Gittm גִּתִּים, 1663
{1663} Prime
Patrial from H1661; a Gittite or inhabitant of Gath.
and the `Ekrnm עֶקרוֹנִים; 6139
{6139} Prime
Patrial from H6138; an Ekronite or inhabitant of Ekron.
also the `Awwm עַוִּים: y5761
[5761] Standard
Plural of H5757; Avvim (as inhabited by Avvites), a place in Palestine (with the article prefixed).
(5757) Complement
Patrial from H5755; an Avvite or native of Avvah (only plural).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Joshua 13:2-6.

Joshua 13:3-4

_ _ also the Avites: From [on] the south — The two clauses are thus connected in the Septuagint and many other versions. On being driven out (Deuteronomy 2:23), they established themselves in the south of Philistia. The second division of the unconquered country comprised

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Joshua 13:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Joshua 13:3

Counted to the Canaanites — That is, which though now possessed by the Philistines, who drove out the Canaanites the old inhabitants of it, Deuteronomy 2:23; Amos 9:7, yet is a part of the land of Canaan, and therefore belongs to the Israelites. The Avites — Or, the Avims, as they are called, Deuteronomy 2:23, who though they were expelled out of their ancient seat, and most of them destroyed by the Caphtorims or Philistines, as is there said, yet many of them escaped, and planted themselves not very far from the former.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Jeremiah 2:18 And now what hast thou to do in the way of Egypt, to drink the waters of Sihor? or what hast thou to do in the way of Assyria, to drink the waters of the river?

which is counted:

Genesis 10:15-19 And Canaan begat Sidon his firstborn, and Heth, ... And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha.
Numbers 34:2-14 Command the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye come into the land of Canaan; (this [is] the land that shall fall unto you for an inheritance, [even] the land of Canaan with the coasts thereof:) ... For the tribe of the children of Reuben according to the house of their fathers, and the tribe of the children of Gad according to the house of their fathers, have received [their inheritance]; and half the tribe of Manasseh have received their inheritance:

five lords:

Judges 3:3 [Namely], five lords of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and the Sidonians, and the Hivites that dwelt in mount Lebanon, from mount Baalhermon unto the entering in of Hamath.
1 Samuel 6:4 Then said they, What [shall be] the trespass offering which we shall return to him? They answered, Five golden emerods, and five golden mice, [according to] the number of the lords of the Philistines: for one plague [was] on you all, and on your lords.
1 Samuel 6:16-17 And when the five lords of the Philistines had seen [it], they returned to Ekron the same day. ... And these [are] the golden emerods which the Philistines returned [for] a trespass offering unto the LORD; for Ashdod one, for Gaza one, for Askelon one, for Gath one, for Ekron one;
Zephaniah 2:4-5 For Gaza shall be forsaken, and Ashkelon a desolation: they shall drive out Ashdod at the noon day, and Ekron shall be rooted up. ... Woe unto the inhabitants of the sea coast, the nation of the Cherethites! the word of the LORD [is] against you; O Canaan, the land of the Philistines, I will even destroy thee, that there shall be no inhabitant.
; The Philistine were not descended from Canaan, but from Mizraim, the son of Ham; (compare
Genesis 10:6 And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.
Joshua 13:13 Nevertheless the children of Israel expelled not the Geshurites, nor the Maachathites: but the Geshurites and the Maachathites dwell among the Israelites until this day.
); yet they were numbered with the Canaanites in this distribution.


Deuteronomy 2:23 And the Avims which dwelt in Hazerim, [even] unto Azzah, the Caphtorims, which came forth out of Caphtor, destroyed them, and dwelt in their stead.)
, Avims
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Gn 10:6, 15. Nu 34:2. Dt 2:23. Jsh 13:13. Jg 3:3. 1S 6:4, 16. Jr 2:18. Zp 2:4.

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