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Joshua 11:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And all these kings met together; and they came and encamped together at the waters of Merom, to fight with Israel.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when all these kings were met together, they came and pitched together at the waters of Merom, to fight against Israel.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So all of these kings having agreed to meet, came and encamped together at the waters of Merom, to fight against Israel.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when all these kings were met together, they came and encamped together at the waters of Merom, to fight against Israel.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And all these kings met together, and came and encamped together at the waters of Merom, to fight against Israel.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, when all these kings were gathered together, they came in, and encamped as one man, at the waters of Merom, to fight with Israel.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and all these kings are met together, and they come and encamp together at the waters of Merom, to fight with Israel.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And all these kings assembled together at the waters of Merom, to fight against Israel.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when all these Kings were met together, they came and pitched together at the waters of Merom, to fight against Israel.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And all the kings assembled in person, and came to the same place, and encamped at the waters of Maron to war with Israel.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And when all these kings were met together, they came and pitched together at the waters of Merom, to fight against Yisrael.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And when all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
these x428
(0428) Complement
אֵלֶּה
'el-leh
{ale'-leh}
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
kings 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
were met together, 3259
{3259} Prime
יָעַד
ya`ad
{yaw-ad'}
A primitive root; to fix upon (by agreement or appointment); by implication to meet (at a stated time), to summon (to trial), to direct (in a certain quarter or position), to engage (for marriage).
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
they came 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and pitched 2583
{2583} Prime
חָנָה
chanah
{khaw-naw'}
A primitive root (compare H2603); properly to incline; by implication to decline (of the slanting rays of evening); specifically to pitch a tent; generally to encamp (for abode or siege).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
together 3162
{3162} Prime
יַחַד
yachad
{yakh'-ad}
From H3161; properly a unit, that is, (adverbially) unitedly.
at x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the waters 4325
{4325} Prime
מַיִם
mayim
{mah'-yim}
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
of Mrm מֵרוֹם, 4792
{4792} Prime
מֵרוֹם
Merowm
{may-rome'}
Formed like H4791; height; Merom, a lake in Palestine.
to fight 3898
{3898} Prime
לָחַם
lacham
{law-kham'}
A primitive root; to feed on; figuratively to consume; by implication to battle (as destruction).
z8736
<8736> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 240
against x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל. 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Joshua 11:1-9.


Joshua 11:4-5

_ _ they went out, ... as the sand that is upon the sea-shore in multitude — The chiefs of these several tribes were summoned by Jabin, being all probably tributary to the kingdom of Hazor. Their combined forces, according to Josephus, amounted to three hundred thousand infantry, ten thousand cavalry, and twenty thousand war chariots.

_ _ with horses and chariots very many — The war chariots were probably like those of Egypt, made of wood, but nailed and tipped with iron. These appear for the first time in the Canaanite war, to aid this last determined struggle against the invaders; and “it was the use of these which seems to have fixed the place of rendezvous by the lake Merom (now Huleh), along whose level shores they could have full play for their force.” A host so formidable in numbers, as well as in military equipments, was sure to alarm and dispirit the Israelites. Joshua, therefore, was favored with a renewal of the divine promise of victory (Joshua 11:6), and thus encouraged, he, in the full confidence of faith, set out to face the enemy.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Joshua 11:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Joshua 11:5

Merom — A lake made by the river Jordan in the northern part of it, which was in the territory of the King of Schimron, near Hazor, Jabin's royal city, and almost in the middle of these confederate kings.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
all these:

Psalms 3:1 [[A Psalm of David, when he fled from Absalom his son.]] LORD, how are they increased that trouble me! many [are] they that rise up against me.
Psalms 118:10-12 All nations compassed me about: but in the name of the LORD will I destroy them. ... They compassed me about like bees; they are quenched as the fire of thorns: for in the name of the LORD I will destroy them.
Isaiah 8:9 Associate yourselves, O ye people, and ye shall be broken in pieces; and give ear, all ye of far countries: gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces; gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces.
Revelation 16:14 For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, [which] go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty.

met together:
Heb. assembled by appointment

waters:
This is what Josephus calls the lake Semechon, now called Bahr-el-Houle (Lake Julius) between the head of the Jordan and the lake of Tiberias. According to Josephus it was seven miles long; and according to modern authorities, it is not above two miles broad, except at the north end, where it may be four.
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Ps 3:1; 118:10. Is 8:9. Rv 16:14.

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