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Joshua 10:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wherefore Adoni-zedek king of Jerusalem sent unto Hoham king of Hebron, and unto Piram king of Jarmuth, and unto Japhia king of Lachish, and unto Debir king of Eglon, saying,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wherefore Adonizedek king of Jerusalem sent unto Hoham king of Hebron, and unto Piram king of Jarmuth, and unto Japhia king of Lachish, and unto Debir king of Eglon, saying,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Therefore Adoni-zedek king of Jerusalem sent [word] to Hoham king of Hebron and to Piram king of Jarmuth and to Japhia king of Lachish and to Debir king of Eglon, saying,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Wherefore Adoni-zedec king of Jerusalem sent to Hoham king of Hebron, and to Piram king of Jarmuth, and to Japhia king of Lachish, and to Debir king of Eglon, saying,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Adoni-zedek king of Jerusalem sent to Hoham king of Hebron, and to Piream king of Jarmuth, and to Japhia king of Lachish, and to Debir king of Eglon, saying,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— therefore sent Adonizedec, king of Jerusalem, unto Hoham, king of Hebron, and unto Piram, king of Jarmuth, and unto Japhia, king of Lachish, and unto Debir, king of Eglon, saying:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Adoni-Zedek king of Jerusalem sendeth unto Hoham king of Hebron, and unto Piram king of Jarmuth, and unto Japhia king of Lachish, and unto Debir king of Eglon, saying,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Therefore Adonisedec, king of Jerusalem, sent to Oham, king of Hebron, and to Pharam, king of Jerimoth, and to Japhia, king of Lachis, and to Dabir, king of Eglon, saying:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wherefore Adoni-zedek King of Ierusalem, sent vnto Hoham King of Hebron, and vnto Piram, king of Iarmuth, and vnto Iaphia king of Lachish, and vnto Debir king of Eglon, saying,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— So Adoni-bezec king of Jerusalem sent to Elam king of Hebron, and to Phidon king of Jerimuth, and to Jephtha king of Lachish{gr.Lachis}, and to Dabin king of Adullam{gr.Odollam}, saying,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Wherefore Adoni Tzedeq king of Yerushalaim sent unto Hoham king of Chevron, and unto Piram king of Yarmuth, and unto Yafia king of Lakhish, and unto Devir king of Eglon, saying,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wherefore n Xeek אֲדֹנִי־צֶדֶק 139
{0139} Prime
אֲדֹנִי־צֶדֶק
'Adoniy-Tsedeq
{ad-o''-nee-tseh'-dek}
From H0113 and H6664; lord of justice; Adoni-Tsedek, a Canaanitish king.
king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Yrlaim יְרוּשָׁלִַם 3389
{3389} Prime
יְרוּשָׁלִַם
Y@ruwshalaim
{yer-oo-shaw-lah'-im}
A dual (in allusion to its two main hills (the true pointing, at least of the former reading, seems to be that of H3390)); probably from (the passive participle of) H3384 and H7999; founded peaceful; Jerushalaim or Jerushalem, the capital city of Palestine.
sent 7971
{7971} Prime
שָׁלַח
shalach
{shaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to send away, for, or out (in a great variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Hhm הוֹהָם 1944
{1944} Prime
הוֹהָם
Howham
{ho-hawm'}
Of uncertain derivation; Hoham, a Canaanitish king.
king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of evrn חֶברוֹן, 2275
{2275} Prime
חֶבְרוֹן
Chebrown
{kheb-rone'}
From H2267; seat of association; Chebron, a place in Palestine, also the name of two Israelites.
and unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Pirm פִּראָם 6502
{6502} Prime
פִּרְאָם
Pir'am
{pir-awm'}
From H6501; wildly; Piram, a Canaanite.
king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Yarm יַרמוּת, 3412
{3412} Prime
יַרְמוּת
Yarmuwth
{yar-mooth'}
From H7311; elevation; Jarmuth, the name of two places in Palestine.
and unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Yf` יָפִיעַ 3309
{3309} Prime
יָפִיעַ
Yaphiya`
{yaw-fee'-ah}
From H3313; bright; Japhia, the name of a Canaanite, an Israelite, and a place in Palestine.
king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of L לָכִישׁ, 3923
{3923} Prime
לָכִישׁ
Lachiysh
{law-keesh'}
From an unused root of uncertain meaning; Lakish, a place in Palestine.
and unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Dvr דְּבִיר 1688
{1688} Prime
דְּבִיר
D@biyr
{deb-eer'}
The second form used in Joshua 13:26 (but see H3810); the same as H1687; Debir, the name of an Amoritish king and of two places in Palestine.
king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of `Eqln עֶגלוֹן, 5700
{5700} Prime
עֶגְלוֹן
`Eglown
{eg-lawn'}
From H5695; vituline; Eglon, the name of a place in Palestine and of a Moabitish king.
saying, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Joshua 10:3-4

_ _ Wherefore Adoni-zedek ... sent, ... saying, Come up unto me, and help me — A combined attack was meditated on Gibeon, with a view not only to punish its people for their desertion of the native cause, but by its overthrow to interpose a barrier to the farther inroads of the Israelites. This confederacy among the mountaineers of Southern Palestine was formed and headed by the king of Jerusalem, because his territory was most exposed to danger, Gibeon being only six miles distant, and because he evidently possessed some degree of pre-eminence over his royal neighbors.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Joshua 10:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Joshua 10:3

Adoni — zedek sent — Either because he was superior to them, or because he was nearest the danger, and most forward in the work.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Joshua 10:3

Wherefore (a) Adonizedek king of Jerusalem sent unto Hoham king of Hebron, and unto Piram king of Jarmuth, and unto Japhia king of Lachish, and unto Debir king of Eglon, saying,

(a) That is, "Lord of justice", so tyrants take for themselves glorious names, when indeed they are the very enemies of God and all justice.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
king of Jerusalem:

Joshua 10:1 Now it came to pass, when Adonizedek king of Jerusalem had heard how Joshua had taken Ai, and had utterly destroyed it; as he had done to Jericho and her king, so he had done to Ai and her king; and how the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel, and were among them;
Joshua 10:5 Therefore the five kings of the Amorites, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, the king of Eglon, gathered themselves together, and went up, they and all their hosts, and encamped before Gibeon, and made war against it.
Joshua 12:10-13 The king of Jerusalem, one; the king of Hebron, one; ... The king of Debir, one; the king of Geder, one;
Joshua 15:35-39 Jarmuth, and Adullam, Socoh, and Azekah, ... Lachish, and Bozkath, and Eglon,
Joshua 15:54 And Humtah, and Kirjatharba, which [is] Hebron, and Zior; nine cities with their villages:
Joshua 15:63 As for the Jebusites the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the children of Judah could not drive them out: but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Judah at Jerusalem unto this day.
Joshua 18:28 And Zelah, Eleph, and Jebusi, which [is] Jerusalem, Gibeath, [and] Kirjath; fourteen cities with their villages. This [is] the inheritance of the children of Benjamin according to their families.

Hebron:
Hebron was situated on an eminence, 20 miles south of Jerusalem, and the same distance north of Beersheba. It is now called El Khalil, "the well-beloved," the usual epithet which the Turks and Arabs apply to Abraham, whose sepulchral cave they still shew; over which St. Helena built a magnificent church Its original site was on an eminence, at the southern foot of which the present village is pleasantly situated, on which are the remains of an ancient castle, its sole defence.
Joshua 14:15 And the name of Hebron before [was] Kirjatharba; [which Arba was] a great man among the Anakims. And the land had rest from war.
Genesis 23:2 And Sarah died in Kirjatharba; the same [is] Hebron in the land of Canaan: and Abraham came to mourn for Sarah, and to weep for her.
Genesis 37:14 And he said to him, Go, I pray thee, see whether it be well with thy brethren, and well with the flocks; and bring me word again. So he sent him out of the vale of Hebron, and he came to Shechem.
Numbers 13:22 And they ascended by the south, and came unto Hebron; where Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the children of Anak, [were]. (Now Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.)
2 Samuel 2:11 And the time that David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah was seven years and six months.

Lachish:

2 Kings 18:14 And Hezekiah king of Judah sent to the king of Assyria to Lachish, saying, I have offended; return from me: that which thou puttest on me will I bear. And the king of Assyria appointed unto Hezekiah king of Judah three hundred talents of silver and thirty talents of gold.
2 Kings 18:17 And the king of Assyria sent Tartan and Rabsaris and Rabshakeh from Lachish to king Hezekiah with a great host against Jerusalem. And they went up and came to Jerusalem. And when they were come up, they came and stood by the conduit of the upper pool, which [is] in the highway of the fuller's field.
2 Chronicles 11:9 And Adoraim, and Lachish, and Azekah,
Micah 1:13 O thou inhabitant of Lachish, bind the chariot to the swift beast: she [is] the beginning of the sin to the daughter of Zion: for the transgressions of Israel were found in thee.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 23:2; 37:14. Nu 13:22. Jsh 10:1, 5; 12:10; 14:15; 15:35, 54, 63; 18:28. 2S 2:11. 2K 18:14, 17. 2Ch 11:9. Mi 1:13.

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