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Jonah 4:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Jehovah God prepared a gourd, and made it to come up over Jonah, that it might be a shade over his head, to deliver him from his evil case. So Jonah was exceeding glad because of the gourd.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the LORD God prepared a gourd, and made [it] to come up over Jonah, that it might be a shadow over his head, to deliver him from his grief. So Jonah was exceeding glad of the gourd.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So the LORD God appointed a plant and it grew up over Jonah to be a shade over his head to deliver him from his discomfort. And Jonah was extremely happy about the plant.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the LORD God prepared a gourd, and made [it] to come up over Jonah, that it might be a shade over his head, to deliver him from his grief. So Jonah was exceeding glad of the gourd.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Jehovah Elohim prepared a gourd, and made it to come up over Jonah, that it might be a shade over his head, to deliver him from his trouble. And Jonah was exceeding glad because of the gourd.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now Yahweh God appointed a gourd, and caused it to come up over Jonah, that it might be a shade over his head, to deliver him from his vexation,—and Jonah rejoiced over the gourd, with great rejoicing.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Jehovah God appointeth a gourd, and causeth it to come up over Jonah, to be a shade over his head, to give deliverance to him from his affliction, and Jonah rejoiceth because of the gourd [with] great joy.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the Lord God prepared an ivy, and it came up over the head of Jonas, to be a shadow over his head, and to cover him (for he was fatigued): and Jonas was exceeding glad of the ivy.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the LORD God prepared a gourd, and made it to come vp ouer Ionah, that it might be a shadow ouer his head, to deliuer him from his griefe. So Ionah was exceeding glad of the gourd.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the Lord God commanded a gourd, and it came up over the head of Jonah{gr.Jonas}, to be a shadow over his head, to shade him from his calamities: and Jonah{gr.Jonas} rejoiced with great joy for the gourd.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Yahweh Elohim prepared a gourd, and made [it] to come up over Yonah, that it might be a shadow over his head, to deliver him from his grief. So Yonah was exceeding glad of the gourd.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
prepared 4487
{4487} Prime
מָנַה
manah
{maw-naw'}
A primitive root; properly to weigh out; by implication to allot or constitute officially; also to enumerate or enroll.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
a gourd, 7021
{7021} Prime
קִיקָיוֹן
qiyqayown
{kee-kaw-yone'}
Perhaps from H7006; the gourd (as nauseous).
and made [it] to come up 5927
{5927} Prime
עָלָה
`alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
over x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
Yn יוֹנָה, 3124
{3124} Prime
יוֹנָה
Yonah
{yo-naw'}
The same as H3123; Jonah, an Israelite.
that it might be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
a shadow 6738
{6738} Prime
צֵל
tsel
{tsale}
From H6751; shade, whether literally or figuratively.
over x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
his head, 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
to deliver 5337
{5337} Prime
נָצַל
natsal
{naw-tsal'}
A primitive root; to snatch away, whether in a good or a bad sense.
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
him from his grief. 7451
{7451} Prime
רָע
ra`
{rah}
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
So Yn יוֹנָה 3124
{3124} Prime
יוֹנָה
Yonah
{yo-naw'}
The same as H3123; Jonah, an Israelite.
was x8055
(8055) Complement
שָׂמַח
samach
{saw-makh'}
A primitive root; probably to brighten up, that is, (figuratively) be (causatively make) blithe or gleesome.
exceeding y1419
[1419] Standard
גָּדוֹל
gadowl
{gaw-dole'}
From H1431; great (in any sense); hence older; also insolent.
y8057
[8057] Standard
שִׂמְחָה
simchah
{sim-khaw'}
From H8056; blithesomeness or glee, (religious or festival).
glad y8055
[8055] Standard
שָׂמַח
samach
{saw-makh'}
A primitive root; probably to brighten up, that is, (figuratively) be (causatively make) blithe or gleesome.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x1419
(1419) Complement
גָּדוֹל
gadowl
{gaw-dole'}
From H1431; great (in any sense); hence older; also insolent.
x8057
(8057) Complement
שִׂמְחָה
simchah
{sim-khaw'}
From H8056; blithesomeness or glee, (religious or festival).
of x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the gourd. 7021
{7021} Prime
קִיקָיוֹן
qiyqayown
{kee-kaw-yone'}
Perhaps from H7006; the gourd (as nauseous).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jonah 4:6

_ _ gourdHebrew, kikaion; the Egyptian kiki, the “ricinus” or castor-oil plant, commonly called “palm-christ” (palma-christi). It grows from eight to ten feet high. Only one leaf grows on a branch, but that leaf being often more than a foot large, the collective leaves give good shelter from the heat. It grows rapidly, and fades as suddenly when injured.

_ _ to deliver him from his grief — It was therefore grief, not selfish anger, which Jonah felt (see on Jonah 4:1). Some external comforts will often turn the mind away from its sorrowful bent.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jonah 4:5-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jonah 4:6

Prepared — Commanded that in the place where Jonah's booth stood, this spreading plant should spring up to be a shade when the gathered boughs were withered. To deliver — To give some ease to his mind.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jonah 4:6

And the LORD God prepared a (f) gourd, and made [it] to come up over Jonah, that it might be a shadow over his head, to deliver him from his grief. So Jonah was exceeding glad of the gourd.

(f) Which was a further means to cover him from the heat of the sun, as he remained in his booth.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the LORD[YHWH]:

Jonah 1:17 Now the LORD had prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonah. And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.
Psalms 103:10-14 He hath not dealt with us after our sins; nor rewarded us according to our iniquities. ... For he knoweth our frame; he remembereth that we [are] dust.

gourd:
or, palmcrist, Heb. Kikajon, קיקיון [Strong's H7021], probably the palma Christi, called kiki or kouki by the Egyptians, and Elkherod by the Arabs, from which caster oil is extracted. It is as large as the olive tree, has leaves like those of a vine, sometimes as broad as the brim of a hat, and is of very quick growth.

So:

Esther 5:9 Then went Haman forth that day joyful and with a glad heart: but when Haman saw Mordecai in the king's gate, that he stood not up, nor moved for him, he was full of indignation against Mordecai.
Proverbs 23:5 Wilt thou set thine eyes upon that which is not? for [riches] certainly make themselves wings; they fly away as an eagle toward heaven.
Isaiah 39:2 And Hezekiah was glad of them, and shewed them the house of his precious things, the silver, and the gold, and the spices, and the precious ointment, and all the house of his armour, and all that was found in his treasures: there was nothing in his house, nor in all his dominion, that Hezekiah shewed them not.
Amos 6:13 Ye which rejoice in a thing of nought, which say, Have we not taken to us horns by our own strength?
Luke 10:20 Notwithstanding in this rejoice not, that the spirits are subject unto you; but rather rejoice, because your names are written in heaven.
1 Corinthians 7:30 And they that weep, as though they wept not; and they that rejoice, as though they rejoiced not; and they that buy, as though they possessed not;

was exceeding glad:
Heb. rejoiced with great joy
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Es 5:9. Ps 103:10. Pv 23:5. Is 39:2. Am 6:13. Jna 1:17. Lk 10:20. 1Co 7:30.

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