Parallel Bible VersionsHebrew Bible Study Tools

Jonah 4:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and should not I have regard for Nineveh, that great city, wherein are more than sixscore thousand persons that cannot discern between their right hand and their left hand; and also much cattle?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And should not I spare Nineveh, that great city, wherein are more than sixscore thousand persons that cannot discern between their right hand and their left hand; and [also] much cattle?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Should I not have compassion on Nineveh, the great city in which there are more than 120,000 persons who do not know [the difference] between their right and left hand, as well as many animals?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And should not I spare Nineveh, that great city, in which are more than a hundred and twenty thousand persons that cannot discern between their right hand and their left hand, and [also] many cattle?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and I, should not I have pity on Nineveh, the great city, wherein are more than a hundred and twenty thousand persons that cannot discern between their right hand and their left hand; and also much cattle?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And was not, I, to spare Nineveh, the great city,—wherein are more than twelve times ten thousand human beings, who cannot discern between their right hand and their left, besides much cattle?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and I—have not I pity on Nineveh, the great city, in which there are more than twelve myriads of human beings, who have not known between their right hand and their left—and much cattle!'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And shall I not spare Ninive, that great city, in which there are more than a hundred and twenty thousand persons, that know how to distinguish between their right hand and their left, and many beasts?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And should not I spare Nineueh that great citie, wherein are more then sixscore thousand persons, that cannot discerne betweene their right hand and their left hand, and [also] much cattell?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and shall not I spare Nineveh{gr.Nineve}, the great city, in which dwell more than twelve myriads of human beings, who do not know their right hand or their left hand; and [also] much cattle?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And should not I spare Ninweh, that great city, wherein are more than sixscore thousand persons that cannot discern between their right hand and their left hand; and [also] much cattle?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And should not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
I x589
(0589) Complement
אֲנִי
'aniy
{an-ee'}
Contracted from H0595; I.
spare 2347
{2347} Prime
חוּס
chuwc
{khoos}
A primitive root; properly to cover, that is, (figuratively) to compassionate.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
Nnw נִינוֵה, 5210
{5210} Prime
נִינְוֵה
Niyn@veh
{nee-nev-ay'}
Of foreign origin; Nineveh, the capital of Assyria.
that great 1419
{1419} Prime
גָּדוֹל
gadowl
{gaw-dole'}
From H1431; great (in any sense); hence older; also insolent.
city, 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
wherein x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
are 3426
{3426} Prime
יֵשׁ
yesh
{yaysh}
Perhaps from an unused root meaning to stand out, or exist; entity; used adverbially or as a copula for the substantive verb (H1961); there is or are (or any other form of the verb to be, as may suit the connection).
more 7235
{7235} Prime
רָבָה
rabah
{raw-baw'}
A primitive root; to increase (in whatever respect).
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
than sixscore y8147
[8147] Standard
שְׁתַּיִם
sh@nayim
{shen-ah'-yim}
(The first form being dual of H8145; the second form being feminine); two; also (as ordinal) twofold.
y6240
[6240] Standard
עָשָׂר
`asar
{aw-sawr'}
For H6235; ten (only in combination), that is, the 'teens'; also (ordinal) a 'teenth'.
thousand 7239
{7239} Prime
רִבּוֹ
ribbow
{rib-bo'}
From H7231; a myriad, that is, indefinite large number.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x8147
(8147) Complement
שְׁתַּיִם
sh@nayim
{shen-ah'-yim}
(The first form being dual of H8145; the second form being feminine); two; also (as ordinal) twofold.
x6240
(6240) Complement
עָשָׂר
`asar
{aw-sawr'}
For H6235; ten (only in combination), that is, the 'teens'; also (ordinal) a 'teenth'.
persons 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
cannot x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
discern 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
between x996
(0996) Complement
בַּיִן
beyn
{bane}
(Sometimes in the plural masculine or feminine); properly the constructively contracted form of an otherwise unused noun from H0995; a distinction; but used only as a preposition, between (repeated before each noun, often with other particles); also as a conjugation, either... or.
their right hand 3225
{3225} Prime
יָמִין
yamiyn
{yaw-meen'}
From H3231; the right hand or side (leg, eye) of a person or other object (as the stronger and more dexterous); locally, the south.
and their left hand; 8040
{8040} Prime
שְׂמוֹאל
s@mo'wl
{sem-ole'}
A primitive word (rather perhaps from the same as H8071 (by insertion of א) through the idea of wrapping up); properly dark (as enveloped), that is, the north; hence (by orientation) the left hand.
and [also] much 7227
{7227} Prime
רַב
rab
{rab}
By contraction from H7231; abundant (in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality).
cattle? 929
{0929} Prime
בְּהֵמָה
b@hemah
{be-hay-maw'}
From an unused root (probably meaning to be mute); properly a dumb beast; especially any large quadruped or animal (often collectively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Jonah 4:10-11.


Jonah 4:11

_ _ that cannot discern between their right hand and their left — children under three of four years old (Deuteronomy 1:39). Six score thousand of these, allowing them to be a fifth of the whole, would give a total population of six hundred thousand.

_ _ much cattle — God cares even for the brute creatures, of which man takes little account. These in wonderful powers and in utility are far above the shrub which Jonah is so concerned about. Yet Jonah is reckless as to their destruction and that of innocent children. The abruptness of the close of the book is more strikingly suggestive than if the thought had been followed out in detail.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jonah 4:5-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jonah 4:11

I — The God of infinite compassions and goodness. That great city — Wouldest thou have me less merciful to such a goodly city, than thou art to a weed? Who cannot discern — Here are more than six — score innocents who are infants. Much cattle — Beside men, women and children who are in Nineveh, there are many other of my creatures that are not sinful, and my tender mercies are and shall be over all my works. If thou wouldest be their butcher, yet I will be their God. Go Jonah, rest thyself content and be thankful: that goodness, which spared Nineveh, hath spared thee in this thy inexcusable frowardness. I will be to repenting Nineveh what I am to thee, a God gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and I will turn from the evil which thou and they deserve.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jonah 4:11

And should (h) not I spare Nineveh, that great city, wherein are more than sixscore thousand persons that (i) cannot discern between their right hand and their left hand; and [also] much cattle?

(h) Thus God mercifully reproves him who would pity himself and this gourd, and yet would keep God from showing his compassion to so many thousand people.

(i) Meaning that they were children and infants.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
should:

Jonah 4:1 But it displeased Jonah exceedingly, and he was very angry.
Isaiah 1:18 Come now, and let us reason together, saith the LORD: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.
Matthew 18:33 Shouldest not thou also have had compassion on thy fellowservant, even as I had pity on thee?
Luke 15:28-32 And he was angry, and would not go in: therefore came his father out, and intreated him. ... It was meet that we should make merry, and be glad: for this thy brother was dead, and is alive again; and was lost, and is found.

Nineveh:

Jonah 1:2 Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry against it; for their wickedness is come up before me.
Jonah 3:2-3 Arise, go unto Nineveh, that great city, and preach unto it the preaching that I bid thee. ... So Jonah arose, and went unto Nineveh, according to the word of the LORD. Now Nineveh was an exceeding great city of three days' journey.

sixscore:
It is generally calculated that the young children of any place are a fifth of the inhabitants, and consequently the whole population of Nineveh would amount to about 600,000; which is very inferior to that of London and Paris, though they occupy not one quarter of the ground. In eastern cities there are large vacant spaces for gardens and pasturages, so that there might be very "much cattle."

that cannot:

Deuteronomy 1:39 Moreover your little ones, which ye said should be a prey, and your children, which in that day had no knowledge between good and evil, they shall go in thither, and unto them will I give it, and they shall possess it.

and also:

Psalms 36:6 Thy righteousness [is] like the great mountains; thy judgments [are] a great deep: O LORD, thou preservest man and beast.
Psalms 104:14 He causeth the grass to grow for the cattle, and herb for the service of man: that he may bring forth food out of the earth;
Psalms 104:27-28 These wait all upon thee; that thou mayest give [them] their meat in due season. ... [That] thou givest them they gather: thou openest thine hand, they are filled with good.
Psalms 145:8-9 The LORD [is] gracious, and full of compassion; slow to anger, and of great mercy. ... The LORD [is] good to all: and his tender mercies [are] over all his works.
Psalms 145:15-16 The eyes of all wait upon thee; and thou givest them their meat in due season. ... Thou openest thine hand, and satisfiest the desire of every living thing.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 1:39. Ps 36:6; 104:14, 27; 145:8, 15. Is 1:18. Jna 1:2; 3:2; 4:1. Mt 18:33. Lk 15:28.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Jonah 4:11.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Jonah 4:11


Recent Chat Bible Comments