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Jonah 2:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— They that regard lying vanities Forsake their own mercy.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— They that observe lying vanities forsake their own mercy.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Those who regard vain idols Forsake their faithfulness,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— They that observe lying vanities forsake their own mercy.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— They that observe lying vanities forsake their own mercy.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— They who take heed to the vanities of falsehood, do, their own lovingkindness, forsake.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Those observing lying vanities their own mercy forsake.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They that in vain observe vanities, forsake their own mercy.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They that obserue lying vanities, forsake their owne mercy.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— They that observe vanities and lies have forsaken their own mercy.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— They that observe lying vanities forsake their own mercy.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
They that observe 8104
{8104} Prime
שָׁמַר
shamar
{shaw-mar'}
A primitive root; properly to hedge about (as with thorns), that is, guard; generally to protect, attend to, etc.
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
lying 7723
{7723} Prime
שָׁוְא
shav'
{shawv}
From the same as H7722 in the sense of desolating; evil (as destructive), literally (ruin) or morally (especially guile); figuratively idolatry (as false, subjectively), uselessness (as deceptive, objectively; also adverbially in vain).
vanities 1892
{1892} Prime
הֶבֶל
hebel
{heh'-bel}
From H1891; emptiness or vanity; figuratively something transitory and unsatisfactory; often used as an adverb.
forsake 5800
{5800} Prime
עָזַב
`azab
{aw-zab'}
A primitive root; to loosen, that is, relinquish, permit, etc.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
their own mercy. 2617
{2617} Prime
חֶסֶד
checed
{kheh'-sed}
From H2616; kindness; by implication (towards God) piety; rarely (by opprobrium) reproof, or (subjectively) beauty.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jonah 2:8

_ _ observe lying vanities — regard or reverence idols, powerless to save (Psalms 31:6).

_ _ mercy — Jehovah, the very idea of whom is identified now in Jonah’s mind with mercy and loving-kindness. As the Psalmist (Psalms 144:2) styles Him, “my goodness”; God who is to me all beneficence. Compare Psalms 59:17, “the God of my mercy,” literally, “my kindness-God.” Jonah had “forsaken His own mercy,” God, to flee to heathen lands where “lying vanities” (idols) were worshipped. But now, taught by his own preservation in conscious life in the fish’s belly, and by the inability of the mariners’ idols to lull the storm (Jonah 1:5), estrangement from God seems estrangement from his own happiness (Jeremiah 2:13; Jeremiah 17:13). Prayer has been restrained in Jonah’s case, so that he was “fast asleep” in the midst of danger, heretofore; but now prayer is the sure sign of his return to God.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jonah 2:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jonah 2:8

They — Whoever they are that depend upon idols. Mercy — The Lord, who is to all that depend upon him, the fountain of living waters; who is an eternal fountain of mercy, and flows freely to all that wait for him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jonah 2:8

They that observe lying (e) vanities forsake their own (f) mercy.

(e) Those that depend upon anything except on God alone.

(f) They refuse their own felicity, and that goodness which they would otherwise receive from God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

1 Samuel 12:21 And turn ye not aside: for [then should ye go] after vain [things], which cannot profit nor deliver; for they [are] vain.
2 Kings 17:15 And they rejected his statutes, and his covenant that he made with their fathers, and his testimonies which he testified against them; and they followed vanity, and became vain, and went after the heathen that [were] round about them, [concerning] whom the LORD had charged them, that they should not do like them.
Psalms 31:6 I have hated them that regard lying vanities: but I trust in the LORD.
Jeremiah 2:13 For my people have committed two evils; they have forsaken me the fountain of living waters, [and] hewed them out cisterns, broken cisterns, that can hold no water.
Jeremiah 10:8 But they are altogether brutish and foolish: the stock [is] a doctrine of vanities.
Jeremiah 10:14-15 Every man is brutish in [his] knowledge: every founder is confounded by the graven image: for his molten image [is] falsehood, and [there is] no breath in them. ... They [are] vanity, [and] the work of errors: in the time of their visitation they shall perish.
Jeremiah 16:19 O LORD, my strength, and my fortress, and my refuge in the day of affliction, the Gentiles shall come unto thee from the ends of the earth, and shall say, Surely our fathers have inherited lies, vanity, and [things] wherein [there is] no profit.
Habakkuk 2:18-20 What profiteth the graven image that the maker thereof hath graven it; the molten image, and a teacher of lies, that the maker of his work trusteth therein, to make dumb idols? ... But the LORD [is] in his holy temple: let all the earth keep silence before him.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 12:21. 2K 17:15. Ps 31:6. Jr 2:13; 10:8, 14; 16:19. Hab 2:18.

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They that regard lying vanities are those who worship idols and other gods, etc.

And they who forsake their own mercy are those who forsake the promise God has given to always be there for them in time of need and in time of plenty.
- Sharon3-4-13 (3/4/2013 7:07:27 AM)
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