Parallel Bible VersionsHebrew Bible Study Tools

Jonah 1:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then the mariners were afraid, and cried every man unto his god; and they cast forth the wares that were in the ship into the sea, to lighten it unto them. But Jonah was gone down into the innermost parts of the ship; and he lay, and was fast asleep.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then the mariners were afraid, and cried every man unto his god, and cast forth the wares that [were] in the ship into the sea, to lighten [it] of them. But Jonah was gone down into the sides of the ship; and he lay, and was fast asleep.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then the sailors became afraid and every man cried to his god, and they threw the cargo which was in the ship into the sea to lighten [it] for them. But Jonah had gone below into the hold of the ship, lain down and fallen sound asleep.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then the mariners were afraid, and cried every man to his god, and cast the wares that [were] in the ship into the sea, to lighten [it] of them. But Jonah had gone down into the sides of the ship; and he lay, and was fast asleep.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the mariners were afraid, and cried every one unto his god; and they cast forth the wares that were in the ship into the sea, to be lightened of them. But Jonah had gone down into the lower part of the ship; and he lay, and was fast asleep.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then were the mariners, afraid, and made outcry every man unto his own god, and they hurled the wares which were in the ship, into the sea, to lighten it of them,—but, Jonah, had gone down into the hinder parts of the vessel, and had lain down, and fallen into a sound sleep.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the mariners are afraid, and cry each unto his god, and cast the goods that [are] in the ship into the sea, to make [it] light of them; and Jonah hath gone down unto the sides of the vessel, and he lieth down, and is fast asleep.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the mariners were afraid, and the men cried to their god: and they cast forth the wares that were in the ship, into the sea, to lighten it of them: and Jonas went down into the inner part of the ship, and fell into a deep sleep.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then the Mariners were afraid, and cried euery man vnto his god, and cast foorth the wares that were in the ship, into the sea, to lighten it of them: but Ionah was gone downe into the sides of the ship, and hee lay, and was fast asleepe.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the sailors were alarmed, and cried every one to his god, and cast out the wares that were in the ship into the sea, that it might be lightened of them. But Jonah{gr.Jonas} was gone down into the hold of the ship, and was asleep, and snored.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then the mariners were afraid, and cried every man unto his elohim, and cast forth the wares that [were] in the ship into the sea, to lighten [it] of them. But Yonah was gone down into the sides of the ship; and he lay, and was fast asleep.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then the mariners 4419
{4419} Prime
מַלָּח
mallach
{mal-lawkh'}
From H4414 in its secondary sense; a sailor (as following 'the salt').
were afraid, 3372
{3372} Prime
יָרֵא
yare'
{yaw-ray'}
A primitive root; to fear; morally to revere; causatively to frighten.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and cried 2199
{2199} Prime
זָעַק
za`aq
{zaw-ak'}
A primitive root; to shriek (from anguish or danger); by analogy (as a herald) to announce or convene publicly.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
every man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
his lhm אֱלֹהִים, 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
and cast forth 2904
{2904} Prime
טוּל
tuwl
{tool}
A primitive root; to pitch over or reel; hence (transitively) to cast down or out.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the wares 3627
{3627} Prime
כְּלִי
k@liy
{kel-ee'}
From H3615; something prepared, that is, any apparatus (as an implement, utensil, dress, vessel or weapon).
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[were] in the ship 591
{0591} Prime
אֳנִיָּה
'oniyah
{on-ee-yaw'}
Feminine of H0590; a ship.
into x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the sea, 3220
{3220} Prime
יָם
yam
{yawm}
From an unused root meaning to roar; a sea (as breaking in noisy surf) or large body of water; specifically (with the article) the Mediterranean; sometimes a large river, or an artificial basin; locally, the west, or (rarely) the south.
to lighten 7043
{7043} Prime
קָלַל
qalal
{kaw-lal'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively make) light, literally (swift, small, sharp, etc.) or figuratively (easy, trifling, vile, etc.).
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
[it] of x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
them. But Yn יוֹנָה 3124
{3124} Prime
יוֹנָה
Yonah
{yo-naw'}
The same as H3123; Jonah, an Israelite.
was gone down 3381
{3381} Prime
יָרַד
yarad
{yaw-rad'}
A primitive root; to descend (literally to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively to fall); causatively to bring down (in all the above applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
into x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the sides 3411
{3411} Prime
יַרְכָה
y@rekah
{yer-ay-kaw'}
Feminine of H3409; properly the flank; but used only figuratively, the rear or recess.
of the ship; 5600
{5600} Prime
סְפִינָה
c@phiynah
{sef-ee-naw'}
From H5603; a (sea going) vessel (as ceiled with a deck).
and he lay, 7901
{7901} Prime
שָׁכַב
shakab
{shaw-kab'}
A primitive root; to lie down (for rest, sexual connection, decease or any other purpose).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and was fast asleep. 7290
{7290} Prime
רָדַם
radam
{raw-dam'}
A primitive root; to stun, that is, stupefy (with sleep or death).
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jonah 1:5

_ _ mariners were afraid — though used to storms; the danger therefore must have been extreme.

_ _ cried every man unto his god — The idols proved unable to save them, though each, according to Phoenician custom, called on his tutelary god. But Jehovah proved able: and the heathen sailors owned it in the end by sacrificing to Him (Jonah 1:16).

_ _ into the sides — that is, the interior recesses (compare 1 Samuel 24:3; Isaiah 14:13, Isaiah 14:15). Those conscious of guilt shrink from the presence of their fellow man into concealment.

_ _ fast asleep — Sleep is no necessary proof of innocence; it may be the fruit of carnal security and a seared conscience. How different was Jesus’ sleep on the Sea of Galilee! (Mark 4:37-39). Guilty Jonah’s indifference to fear contrasts with the unoffending mariners’ alarm. The original therefore is in the nominative absolute: “But as for Jonah, he,” etc. Compare spiritually, Ephesians 5:14.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jonah 1:4-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jonah 1:5

Into the sides — ln some cabin or other, whither he went before the storm arose.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jonah 1:5

Then the mariners were afraid, and cried every man unto his god, and cast forth the wares that [were] in the ship into the sea, to lighten [it] of them. But Jonah was gone down (g) into the sides of the ship; and he lay, and was fast asleep.

(g) As one that would have cast off this care and concern by seeking rest and quietness.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
cried:

Jonah 1:6 So the shipmaster came to him, and said unto him, What meanest thou, O sleeper? arise, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think upon us, that we perish not.
Jonah 1:14 Wherefore they cried unto the LORD, and said, We beseech thee, O LORD, we beseech thee, let us not perish for this man's life, and lay not upon us innocent blood: for thou, O LORD, hast done as it pleased thee.
Jonah 1:16 Then the men feared the LORD exceedingly, and offered a sacrifice unto the LORD, and made vows.
1 Kings 18:26 And they took the bullock which was given them, and they dressed [it], and called on the name of Baal from morning even until noon, saying, O Baal, hear us. But [there was] no voice, nor any that answered. And they leaped upon the altar which was made.
Isaiah 44:17-20 And the residue thereof he maketh a god, [even] his graven image: he falleth down unto it, and worshippeth [it], and prayeth unto it, and saith, Deliver me; for thou [art] my god. ... He feedeth on ashes: a deceived heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say, [Is there] not a lie in my right hand?
Isaiah 45:20 Assemble yourselves and come; draw near together, ye [that are] escaped of the nations: they have no knowledge that set up the wood of their graven image, and pray unto a god [that] cannot save.
Jeremiah 2:28 But where [are] thy gods that thou hast made thee? let them arise, if they can save thee in the time of thy trouble: for [according to] the number of thy cities are thy gods, O Judah.
Hosea 7:14 And they have not cried unto me with their heart, when they howled upon their beds: they assemble themselves for corn and wine, [and] they rebel against me.

and cast:

Job 2:4 And Satan answered the LORD, and said, Skin for skin, yea, all that a man hath will he give for his life.
Acts 27:18-19 And we being exceedingly tossed with a tempest, the next [day] they lightened the ship; ... And the third [day] we cast out with our own hands the tackling of the ship.
Acts 27:38 And when they had eaten enough, they lightened the ship, and cast out the wheat into the sea.
Philippians 3:7-8 But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ. ... Yea doubtless, and I count all things [but] loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them [but] dung, that I may win Christ,

the sides:

1 Samuel 24:3 And he came to the sheepcotes by the way, where [was] a cave; and Saul went in to cover his feet: and David and his men remained in the sides of the cave.

and was:

Judges 16:19 And she made him sleep upon her knees; and she called for a man, and she caused him to shave off the seven locks of his head; and she began to afflict him, and his strength went from him.
Matthew 25:5 While the bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered and slept.
Matthew 26:40-41 And he cometh unto the disciples, and findeth them asleep, and saith unto Peter, What, could ye not watch with me one hour? ... Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed [is] willing, but the flesh [is] weak.
Matthew 26:43 And he came and found them asleep again: for their eyes were heavy.
Matthew 26:45 Then cometh he to his disciples, and saith unto them, Sleep on now, and take [your] rest: behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.
Luke 22:45-46 And when he rose up from prayer, and was come to his disciples, he found them sleeping for sorrow, ... And said unto them, Why sleep ye? rise and pray, lest ye enter into temptation.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jg 16:19. 1S 24:3. 1K 18:26. Jb 2:4. Is 44:17; 45:20. Jr 2:28. Ho 7:14. Jna 1:6, 14, 16. Mt 25:5; 26:40, 43, 45. Lk 22:45. Ac 27:18, 38. Php 3:7.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Jonah 1:5.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Jonah 1:5


Recent Chat Bible Comments