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Jonah 1:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then the men feared Jehovah exceedingly; and they offered a sacrifice unto Jehovah, and made vows.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then the men feared the LORD exceedingly, and offered a sacrifice unto the LORD, and made vows.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then the men feared the LORD greatly, and they offered a sacrifice to the LORD and made vows.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then the men feared the LORD exceedingly, and offered a sacrifice to the LORD, and made vows.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the men feared Jehovah exceedingly, and offered a sacrifice unto Jehovah, and made vows.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then did the men revere Yahweh with a great reverence,—and offered sacrifice to Yahweh, and vowed vows.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the men fear Jehovah—a great fear, and sacrifice a sacrifice to Jehovah, and vow vows.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the men feared the Lord exceedingly, and sacrificed victims to the Lord, and made vows.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then the men feared the LORD exceedingly, and offered a sacrifice vnto the LORD, and made vowes.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the men feared the Lord very greatly, and offered a sacrifice to the Lord, and vowed vows.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then the men feared Yahweh exceedingly, and offered a sacrifice unto Yahweh, and made vows.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then the men y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
feared 3372
{3372} Prime
יָרֵא
yare'
{yaw-ray'}
A primitive root; to fear; morally to revere; causatively to frighten.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x3374
(3374) Complement
יִרְאָה
yir'ah
{yir-aw'}
Feminine of H3373; fear (also used as infinitive); morally reverence.
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
exceedingly, 1419
{1419} Prime
גָּדוֹל
gadowl
{gaw-dole'}
From H1431; great (in any sense); hence older; also insolent.
y3374
[3374] Standard
יִרְאָה
yir'ah
{yir-aw'}
Feminine of H3373; fear (also used as infinitive); morally reverence.
and offered 2076
{2076} Prime
זָבַח
zabach
{zaw-bakh'}
A primitive root; to slaughter an animal (usually in sacrifice).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
a sacrifice 2077
{2077} Prime
זֶבַח
zebach
{zeh'-bakh}
From H2076; properly a slaughter, that is, the flesh of an animal; by implication a sacrifice (the victim or the act).
unto Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
and made 5087
{5087} Prime
נָדַר
nadar
{naw-dar'}
A primitive root; to promise (positively, to do or give something to God).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
vows. 5088
{5088} Prime
נֶדֶר
neder
{neh'-der}
From H5087; a promise (to God); also (concretely) a thing promised.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jonah 1:16

_ _ offered a sacrifice — They offered some sacrifice of thanksgiving at once, and vowed more when they should land. Glassius thinks it means only, “They promised to offer a sacrifice.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jonah 1:11-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jonah 1:16

Feared the Lord — Perhaps as Jonah's casting over — board was a type of Christ's death, so the effect it had upon the mariners might be a type of the conversion of the Heathen from idols unto God. Made vows — Probably they vowed, they would ever worship him whom Jonah preached, the Creator of heaven and earth.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jonah 1:16

Then the men (l) feared the LORD exceedingly, and offered a sacrifice unto the LORD, and made vows.

(l) They were touched with a certain repentance of their past life, and began to worship the true God by whom they saw themselves as wonderfully delivered. But this was done for fear, and not from a pure heart and affection, neither according to God's word.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
feared:

Jonah 1:10 Then were the men exceedingly afraid, and said unto him, Why hast thou done this? For the men knew that he fled from the presence of the LORD, because he had told them.
Isaiah 26:9 With my soul have I desired thee in the night; yea, with my spirit within me will I seek thee early: for when thy judgments [are] in the earth, the inhabitants of the world will learn righteousness.
Daniel 4:34-37 And at the end of the days I Nebuchadnezzar lifted up mine eyes unto heaven, and mine understanding returned unto me, and I blessed the most High, and I praised and honoured him that liveth for ever, whose dominion [is] an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom [is] from generation to generation: ... Now I Nebuchadnezzar praise and extol and honour the King of heaven, all whose works [are] truth, and his ways judgment: and those that walk in pride he is able to abase.
Daniel 6:26 I make a decree, That in every dominion of my kingdom men tremble and fear before the God of Daniel: for he [is] the living God, and stedfast for ever, and his kingdom [that] which shall not be destroyed, and his dominion [shall be even] unto the end.
Mark 4:31 [It is] like a grain of mustard seed, which, when it is sown in the earth, is less than all the seeds that be in the earth:
Acts 5:11 And great fear came upon all the church, and upon as many as heard these things.

offered:
etc. Heb. sacrificed a sacrifice unto the Lord, and vowed vows,
Genesis 8:20 And Noah builded an altar unto the LORD; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings on the altar.
Judges 13:16 And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he [was] an angel of the LORD.
2 Kings 5:17 And Naaman said, Shall there not then, I pray thee, be given to thy servant two mules' burden of earth? for thy servant will henceforth offer neither burnt offering nor sacrifice unto other gods, but unto the LORD.
Psalms 107:22 And let them sacrifice the sacrifices of thanksgiving, and declare his works with rejoicing.
Isaiah 60:5-7 Then thou shalt see, and flow together, and thine heart shall fear, and be enlarged; because the abundance of the sea shall be converted unto thee, the forces of the Gentiles shall come unto thee. ... All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee, the rams of Nebaioth shall minister unto thee: they shall come up with acceptance on mine altar, and I will glorify the house of my glory.

made:

Genesis 28:20 And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God will be with me, and will keep me in this way that I go, and will give me bread to eat, and raiment to put on,
Psalms 50:14 Offer unto God thanksgiving; and pay thy vows unto the most High:
Psalms 66:13-16 I will go into thy house with burnt offerings: I will pay thee my vows, ... Come [and] hear, all ye that fear God, and I will declare what he hath done for my soul.
Psalms 116:14 I will pay my vows unto the LORD now in the presence of all his people.
Ecclesiastes 5:4 When thou vowest a vow unto God, defer not to pay it; for [he hath] no pleasure in fools: pay that which thou hast vowed.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 8:20; 28:20. Jg 13:16. 2K 5:17. Ps 50:14; 66:13; 107:22; 116:14. Ec 5:4. Is 26:9; 60:5. Dn 4:34; 6:26. Jna 1:10. Mk 4:31. Ac 5:11.

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