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John 9:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— We must work the works of him that sent me, while it is day: the night cometh, when no man can work.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I must work the works of him that sent me, while it is day: the night cometh, when no man can work.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “We must work the works of Him who sent Me as long as it is day; night is coming when no one can work.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I must work the works of him that sent me, while it is day: the night cometh when no man can work.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I must work the works of him that has sent me while it is day. [The] night is coming, when no one can work.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— We must needs be working the works of him that sent me, while it is, day: There cometh a night, when, no one, can work.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— it behoveth me to be working the works of Him who sent me while it is day; night doth come, when no one is able to work:—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I must work the works of him that sent me, whilst it is day: the night cometh, when no man can work.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I must worke the workes of him that sent me, while it is day: the night commeth when no man can worke.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Me it behoveth to do the works of Him who sent me, while it is to-day: the night cometh when man cannot work.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— I must work the works of him that sent me, while it is day; the night cometh, in which no one can work.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I 1691
{1691} Prime
ἐμέ
eme
{em-eh'}
A prolonged form of G3165; me.
must 1163
{1163} Prime
δεῖ
dei
{die}
Third person singular active present of G1210; also δεόν [[deon]], {deh-on'}; which is neuter active participle of the same; both used impersonally; it is (was, etc.) necessary (as binding).
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
work 2038
{2038} Prime
ἐργάζομαι
ergazomai
{er-gad'-zom-ahee}
Middle voice from G2041; to toil (as a task, occupation, etc.), (by implication) effect, be engaged in or with, etc.
z5738
<5738> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 109
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
works 2041
{2041} Prime
ἔργον
ergon
{er'-gon}
From ἔργω [[ergo]] (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act.
of him that sent 3992
{3992} Prime
πέμπω
pempo
{pem'-po}
Apparently a primary verb; to dispatch (from the subjective view or point of departure, whereas ἵημι [[hiemi]] [as a stronger form of εἶμι [[eimi]] ] refers rather to the objective point or terminus ad quem, and G4724 denotes properly the orderly motion involved), especially on a temporary errand; also to transmit, bestow, or wield.
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
me, 3165
{3165} Prime
μέ
me
{meh}
A shorter (and probably original) form of G1691; me.
while 2193
{2193} Prime
ἕως
heos
{heh'-oce}
Of uncertain affinity; a conjugation, preposition and adverb of continuance, until (of time and place).
it is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
day: 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
the night 3571
{3571} Prime
νύξ
nux
{noox}
A primary word; 'night' (literally or figuratively).
cometh, 2064
{2064} Prime
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
when 3753
{3753} Prime
ὅτε
hote
{hot'-eh}
From G3739 and G5037; at which (thing) too, that is, when.
no man 3762
{3762} Prime
οὐδείς
oudeis
{oo-dice'}
From G3761 and G1520; not even one (man, woman or thing), that is, none, nobody, nothing.
can 1410
{1410} Prime
δύναμαι
dunamai
{doo'-nam-ahee}
Of uncertain affinity; to be able or possible.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
work. 2038
{2038} Prime
ἐργάζομαι
ergazomai
{er-gad'-zom-ahee}
Middle voice from G2041; to toil (as a task, occupation, etc.), (by implication) effect, be engaged in or with, etc.
z5738
<5738> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 109
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 9:1-5.


John 9:4

_ _ I must work the works of him that sent me, etc. — a most interesting statement from the mouth of Christ; intimating, (1) that He had a precise work to do upon earth, with every particular of it arranged and laid out to Him; (2) that all He did upon earth was just “the works of God” — particularly “going about doing good,” though not exclusively by miracles; (3) that each work had its precise time and place in His program of instructions, so to speak; hence, (4) that as His period for work had definite termination, so by letting any one service pass by its allotted time, the whole would be disarranged, marred, and driven beyond its destined period for completion; (5) that He acted ever under the impulse of these considerations, as man — “the night cometh when no man (or no one) can work.” What lessons are here for others, and what encouragement from such Example!

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 9:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 9:4

The night is coming — Christ is the light. When the light is withdrawn night comes, when no man can work — No man can do any thing toward working out his salvation after this life is ended. Yet Christ can work always. But he was not to work upon earth, only during the day, or season which was appointed for him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 9:4

(2) I must work the works of him that sent me, while it is (b) day: the night cometh, when no man can work.

(2) The works of Christ are is it were a light, which enlighten the darkness of the world.

(b) By "day" is meant the light, that is, the enlightening doctrine of the heavenly truth: and by night is meant the darkness which comes by the obscurity of the same doctrine.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
must:

John 4:34 Jesus saith unto them, My meat is to do the will of him that sent me, and to finish his work.
John 5:19 Then answered Jesus and said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, The Son can do nothing of himself, but what he seeth the Father do: for what things soever he doeth, these also doeth the Son likewise.
John 5:36 But I have greater witness than [that] of John: for the works which the Father hath given me to finish, the same works that I do, bear witness of me, that the Father hath sent me.
John 10:32 Jesus answered them, Many good works have I shewed you from my Father; for which of those works do ye stone me?
John 10:37 If I do not the works of my Father, believe me not.
John 17:4 I have glorified thee on the earth: I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do.
Luke 13:32-34 And he said unto them, Go ye, and tell that fox, Behold, I cast out devils, and I do cures to day and to morrow, and the third [day] I shall be perfected. ... O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, which killest the prophets, and stonest them that are sent unto thee; how often would I have gathered thy children together, as a hen [doth gather] her brood under [her] wings, and ye would not!
Acts 4:20 For we cannot but speak the things which we have seen and heard.

while:

John 11:9-10 Jesus answered, Are there not twelve hours in the day? If any man walk in the day, he stumbleth not, because he seeth the light of this world. ... But if a man walk in the night, he stumbleth, because there is no light in him.
John 12:35 Then Jesus said unto them, Yet a little while is the light with you. Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you: for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth.
Ecclesiastes 9:10 Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do [it] with thy might; for [there is] no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave, whither thou goest.
Isaiah 38:18-19 For the grave cannot praise thee, death can [not] celebrate thee: they that go down into the pit cannot hope for thy truth. ... The living, the living, he shall praise thee, as I [do] this day: the father to the children shall make known thy truth.
Ephesians 5:16 Redeeming the time, because the days are evil.
Colossians 4:5 Walk in wisdom toward them that are without, redeeming the time.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ec 9:10. Is 38:18. Lk 13:32. Jn 4:34; 5:19, 36; 10:32, 37; 11:9; 12:35; 17:4. Ac 4:20. Ep 5:16. Col 4:5.

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