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John 8:58 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was born, I am.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was born, I am.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Jesus said to them, Verily, verily, I say to you, Before Abraham was, I am.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Jesus said to them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Jesus said unto them—Verily, verily, I say unto you: Before, Abraham, came into existence, I, am.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Jesus said to them, 'Verily, verily, I say to you, Before Abraham's coming—I am;'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Jesus said to them: Amen, amen, I say to you, before Abraham was made, I AM.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Iesus said vnto them, Uerely, verely I say vnto you, Before Abraham was, I am.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Jeshu saith to them, Amen, amen, I say to you, Before Abraham was, I Am.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Jesus said to them: Verily, verily I say to you, That before Abraham existed, I was.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
said 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
unto them, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Verily, 281
{0281} Prime
ἀμήν
amen
{am-ane'}
Of Hebrew origin [H0543]; properly firm, that is, (figuratively) trustworthy; adverbially surely (often as interjection so be it).
verily, 281
{0281} Prime
ἀμήν
amen
{am-ane'}
Of Hebrew origin [H0543]; properly firm, that is, (figuratively) trustworthy; adverbially surely (often as interjection so be it).
I say 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
unto you, 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
Before 4250
{4250} Prime
πρίν
prin
{prin}
Adverb from G4253; prior, sooner.
Abraham 11
{0011} Prime
Ἀβραάμ
Abraam
{ab-rah-am'}
Of Hebrew origin [H0085]; Abraham, the Hebrew patriarch. In Acts 7:16 the text should probably read Jacob.
was, 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5635
<5635> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 42
I 1473
{1473} Prime
ἐγώ
ego
{eg-o'}
A primary pronoun of the first person, 'I' (only expressed when emphatic).
am. 1510
{1510} Prime
εἰμί
eimi
{i-mee'}
First person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist (used only when emphatic).
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 8:57-59.


John 8:58

_ _ Before Abraham was, I am — The words rendered “was” and “am” are quite different. The one clause means, “Abraham was brought into being”; the other, “I exist.” The statement therefore is not that Christ came into existence before Abraham did (as Arians affirm is the meaning), but that He never came into being at all, but existed before Abraham had a being; in other words, existed before creation, or eternally (as John 1:1). In that sense the Jews plainly understood Him, since “then took they up stones to cast at Him,” just as they had before done when they saw that He made Himself equal with God (John 5:18).

_ _ hid himself — (See on Luke 4:30).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 8:51-59.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 8:58

Before Abraham was I AM — Even from everlasting to everlasting. This is a direct answer to the objection of the Jews, and shows how much greater he was than Abraham.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 8:58

Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I (y) am.

(y) Christ, as he was God, was before Abraham: and he was the Lamb slain from the beginning of the world.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Verily:

John 8:34 Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever committeth sin is the servant of sin.
John 8:51 Verily, verily, I say unto you, If a man keep my saying, he shall never see death.

Before:

John 1:1-2 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. ... The same was in the beginning with God.
John 17:5 And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.
John 17:24 Father, I will that they also, whom thou hast given me, be with me where I am; that they may behold my glory, which thou hast given me: for thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world.
Proverbs 8:22-30 The LORD possessed me in the beginning of his way, before his works of old. ... Then I was by him, [as] one brought up [with him]: and I was daily [his] delight, rejoicing always before him;
Isaiah 9:6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
Micah 5:2 But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, [though] thou be little among the thousands of Judah, [yet] out of thee shall he come forth unto me [that is] to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth [have been] from of old, from everlasting.
Colossians 1:17 And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.
Hebrews 1:10-12 And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands: ... And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail.
Hebrews 13:8 Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever.
Revelation 1:11 Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send [it] unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea.
Revelation 1:17-18 And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last: ... I [am] he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.
Revelation 2:8 And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna write; These things saith the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive;

I am:
That our Lord by this expression asserted his divinity and eternal existence, as the great I AM, appears evident from the use of the present tense, instead of the past tense, from its being in answer to the Jews, who enquired whether he had seen Abraham, and from its being thus understood by the multitude, who were exasperated at it to such a degree that they took up stones to stone him. The ancient Jews not only believed that the Messiah was superior to and Lord of all the patriarchs, and even of angels, but that his celestial nature existed with God from whom it emanated, before the creation, and that the creation was effected by his ministry.
Exodus 3:14 And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.
Isaiah 43:13 Yea, before the day [was] I [am] he; and [there is] none that can deliver out of my hand: I will work, and who shall let it?
Isaiah 44:6 Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I [am] the first, and I [am] the last; and beside me [there is] no God.
Isaiah 44:8 Fear ye not, neither be afraid: have not I told thee from that time, and have declared [it]? ye [are] even my witnesses. Is there a God beside me? yea, [there is] no God; I know not [any].
Isaiah 46:9 Remember the former things of old: for I [am] God, and [there is] none else; [I am] God, and [there is] none like me,
Isaiah 48:12 Hearken unto me, O Jacob and Israel, my called; I [am] he; I [am] the first, I also [am] the last.
Revelation 1:8 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 3:14. Pv 8:22. Is 9:6; 43:13; 44:6, 8; 46:9; 48:12. Mi 5:2. Jn 1:1; 8:34, 51; 17:5, 24. Col 1:17. He 1:10; 13:8. Rv 1:8, 11, 17; 2:8.

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